2012 India blackouts – wikipedia gasoline p

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India is the world’s third largest producer and consumer of electricity after the United States and China; however, the electrical infrastructure is generally considered unreliable. [10] [11] The northern electrical grid had previously collapsed in 2001. [6] In 2012, an estimated 27% of energy generated was lost in transmission or stolen, [12] while peak supply fell short of demand by an average of 9%. [12] During that period, the nation suffers from frequent power outages that last as long as 10 hours [12] and about 25% of the population electricity units of measurement, about 300 million people, had no electricity at all. [12] Efforts are underway to reduce transmission and distribution losses and increase production. [13]

In the summer of 2012, leading up to the failure, extreme gastritis heat had caused power use to reach record levels in New Delhi. Due to the late arrival of monsoons, agricultural areas in Punjab and Haryana drew increased power from the grid for running pumps irrigating paddy fields. [14] The late monsoon also meant that hydropower plants were generating less than their usual production. [15] Sequence of events [ edit ] 30 July [ edit ]

At 02:35 IST (21:05 UTC on 29 July), circuit breakers on the 400 kV Bina- Gwalior line tripped. As this line fed into the Agra- Bareilly transmission section, breakers at the station also tripped, and power failures cascaded through the grid. All major power stations were shut down in the affected states, causing u gas station near me an estimated shortage of 32 GW. [6] Officials described the failure as the worst in a decade. [16]

On the day of the collapse, Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde stated that the exact cause of the failure was unknown, but that at the time of the failure, electricity use was above normal. He speculated that some states had attempted to draw more power than permitted due to the higher consumption. Spokesperson for PowerGrid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) and the Northern Regional electricity in the body symptoms Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) stated that Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana were the states responsible for the overdraw. PGCIL’s chairman also stated that electrical service was restored at a record time. [6]

More than 300 million people, about 25% of India’s population, were without power. Railways and some airports were shut down until 08:00. [18] The busiest airport in South Asia, Delhi Airport, continued functioning because it switched to back-up power in 15 seconds. [17] [19] The outage caused chaos for Monday morning rush hour, as passenger trains were shut down and traffic signals were non-operational. [6] Trains stalled for three to five hours. [18] Several hospitals reported interruptions in health services, [6] while others relied on back-up generators. [16] Water treatment plants were grade 9 electricity review shut down for several hours, [18] and millions were unable to draw water from wells powered by electric pumps. [14]

The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India ( ASSOCHAM) stated that the blackout had severely impacted businesses, leaving many unable to operate. [20] Oil refineries in Panipat, Mathura and Bathinda continued operating because they have their own captive power stations within the refineries and do not depend on the grid. [6]

The system failed again electricity of the heart at 13:02 IST (07:32 UTC), due to a relay problem near the Taj Mahal. [21] As a result, power stations across the affected parts of India again went offline. NTPC Ltd. stopped 38% of its generation capacity. [22] Over 600 million people (nearly half of India’s population), in 22 out of 28 states in India, were without power. [5]

More than 300 intercity passenger trains and commuter lines were shut down as a result of the power outage. [23] [24] The worst affected zones in the e85 gas stations in ohio wake of the power grid’s collapse were Northern, North Central, East Central, and East Coast railway zones, with parts of Eastern, South Eastern and West Central railway zones. The Delhi Metro suspended service on all six lines, and had to evacuate passengers gas vs electric water heater cost per year from trains that stopped mid-journey, helped by the Delhi Disaster Management Authority. [22]

Before the grid collapse, the private sector spent $29 billion to build their own independent power stations in order to provide reliable power to their factories. The five biggest consumers of electricity in India have private off-grid supplies. Indian companies have 35 GW of private off-grid generation capacity and plan to add another 33 GW to their off-grid capacity. [19]

On the day of the collapse, Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde ordered a three-member panel to determine the reason for the failure and report on it in fifteen days. [32] In response to criticism, he observed that India was not alone in suffering major power outages, as blackouts had basic electricity quizlet also occurred in the United States and Brazil within the previous few years. [15]

Rajiv Kumar, secretary general of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) said, One of the major reasons for the collapse of the power grid is the major gap between demand and supply. There is an urgent need to reform the power sector and bring about infrastructural improvements to meet the new challenges of the growing economy. [33]

Some technology sources and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) proposed that another widespread outage could be prevented by integrated network of microgrids and gas tax in texas distributed generation connected seamlessly with the main grid via a superior smart grid technology, which includes automated fault detection, islanding and self-healing of the network. [37] [38] [39] [40] Investigation [ edit ]