2020 Presidential election kamala harris’s plan to raise teacher pay, explained – vox chapter 7 electricity note taking worksheet


The California senator is proposing the federal government spend $315 billion to increase teacher salaries over the next 10 years. Through a combination of direct federal spending and matching funds from states, the goal is to give the average US teacher a $13,500 pay increase in her first term, paid for by hiking taxes on wealthy estates. The average teacher salary is currently about $60,000, though there is considerable variation across states.

“We are a nation and a society that pretends to care about education. But not so much the education of other people’s children. We gotta deal with that,” Harris said Saturday, previewing her plan. “You electricity in salt water can judge a society by the way it treats its children. And one of the greatest expressions of love that a society can give its children is educating those children with the resources they need. Teachers are our greatest resource in that endeavor.”

Harris’s plan could provide a sharp contrast to the state-level Republican agenda, as experts say state Republican leaders’ focus on cutting gsa 2016 pay scale taxes has often come at the expense of teacher salaries. But it would also require the states themselves to buy in for the plan to succeed — and states aren’t always willing to sign up for an initiative that requires them to spend money, even with a generous match from the federal government.

In the first year, the federal government would provide 10 percent of the funding for the pay raises directly to states. States would be required to use the federal dollars on teachers compensation, rather than to replace their existing K-12 funding. In the second, third, and fourth years of the plan, states would be required to chip in, but they would still receive a generous federal match — for every $1 that a state spends to increase teacher salaries, the feds would kick in $3.

So Harris’s proposal would require states to buy in — and contribute money — to realize its full potential. Her campaign says it is optimistic that the terms of the deal and the overwhelming public support for teachers, as demonstrated by the recent strikes in red states, would lead to states electing to participate in the program. A Harris aide noted that gastroparesis GOP governors and legislatures in Arizona and Oklahoma recently approved pay increases for teachers on their own. Still, considering the recent example of Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act, it can’t be taken as a given that Republican-led states would willingly join a major Democratic initiative, even a popular one.

The estimated cost of the proposal is $315 billion over 10 years, according to Harris’s campaign. Harris would target estate taxes to pay for the plan: According to a campaign aide, that could include lowering the amount of an inheritance that is exempted from the estate tax (that exemption was doubled by the Republican tax law to $11 million), making the estate tax more progressive, and closing loopholes ( one frequently flagged example is the use of trusts to transfer wealth and avoid the tax).

Teacher pay is stagnating and has been for years. Adjusted for inflation, teachers are actually being paid $27 less per week than they were in 1996, as the left-leaning Economic Policy Institute has documented. The average US teacher salary is a little less than $60,000 — less than other workers who have bachelor’s or master’s degrees — but compensation varies significantly from place to place. In New York state, the average pay for teachers is nearly $80,000; in Oklahoma, it’s less than $40,000.

The erosion of teacher pay relative to that of comparable workers in the last couple of years — and in fact since 2008 — reflects state policy decisions rather than the result of revenue challenges brought on by the Great Recession. A recent study found that most of the 25 states that were still spending less for K–12 education la gas prices average in 2016 than before the recession had also enacted tax cuts between 2008 and 2016. In fact, eight of the 10 states with the largest reductions in education funding since 2008 were states that had reduced their overall “tax effort” — meaning through tax cuts or other measures they were collecting gas bubble in chest and back less in taxes relative to their capacity to generate tax revenue. These eight states were Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Virginia.

But the plan also reflects the changing winds on education policy on the left. Democratic Party leaders and unions had found themselves at odds over the past decade, as President Barack Obama and other Democratic leaders embraced charter schools and tying teacher pay to test scores. Those trends have started changing considerably in the past few years.

In Boston, a majority-Democratic city where the evidence seemed to clearly show that charter schools had improved education, voters summarily rejected a 2016 ballot initiative to expand them. In Los Angeles, teachers went on strike, pushing back against charter school expansions, with support from presidential hopefuls including Harris and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT).

Democrats these days don’t have a lot of enthusiasm for challenging teachers unions, and they’ve started to abandon the Obama-era centrist consensus. Support for charter schools among Democratic voters has dropped from nearly 50 percent earlier this decade to just 36 percent now, according to an Education Next survey. Meanwhile, 75 percent of Democrats said they support national teachers unions in the recent Ipsos poll.

That has la t gastrobar opiniones left a void in the Democratic platform: If not charter schools and standardized tests and corporate-style accountability, then what? Harris’s new plan to raise teacher pay charts a new path forward, one that aligns with the party’s leftward drift on health care, climate change, and other issues: investing substantially more public money to fix problems.