70-680 Study guide migrate user profiles electricity trading jobs


A Microsoft Windows user profile describes the Windows configuration for a specific user, including the user’s environment and preference settings. The user profile contains the settings and configuration options specific to the user, such as installed applications, desktop icons, and color options. The user profile contains:

The user profile settings are saved on disk and are loaded when the user logs on. User profiles in Microsoft Windows are of two types – Local and Roaming user profiles. Local profiles are only stored on the computer to which you log in. Roaming profiles are profiles that have been placed on a central server. When the user logs onto the domain, the roaming profile is copied to the local computer the user logged on from. If the user makes changes to the profile, they are saved to the local computer and the central server. When the user logs on from another computer the most recent of the local or server stored profile is used. Since Roaming profiles are downloaded when a user logs on, and uploaded when the user logs off, large user profiles degrade system performance. Using local profiles, and limiting the profile size shortens the time required to log on and off and improve system performance for all users.

The User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0, part of the Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK), is a command line-scriptable tool for migrating user state from one computer or operating system to another. It is designed for large-scale migrations whereas Windows Easy Transfer is for small-scale and individual transfers. USMT migrates files and settings between Microsoft Windows versions 2000, XP, Vista and Windows 7, and is useful in migrating user settings and files during OS upgrades. Migrations from 32-bit to 64-bit are supported, but from 64-bit to 32-bit are not supported by USMT. USMT can transfer:

A migration can be side-by-side or wipe-and-load. Side-by-side, sometimes called PC Replacement, migrates data from one computer to another via central storage such as a server. Wipe-and-load, sometimes referred to as PC Refresh, moves data to central storage and then back to the same PC.

LoadState migrates the files and settings from the store to the destination computer. LoadState migrates each file (one by one) from the store to a temporary location on the destination computer — the files are decompressed (and decrypted if necessary) during this process. Next, LoadState transfers the file to the correct location, deletes the temporary copy, and begins migrating the next file.

USMT 4.0 hard-link migration is a new feature that you can use to perform an in-place migration much faster than by using traditional file copy mechanisms. Hard-link migration in USMT scans the computer for user files and settings and then creates a directory of hard links to those files. The hard links are remapped into the appropriate locations in the new operating system. The entire process typically takes a few minutes to run, does not duplicate files on the local disk, and can save several hours when upgrading to Windows 7. You can use USMT hard-link migration both online and offline.

• Select Clean Installation. Once you come on the Hard drive selection screen select the partition on which you installed windows XP. (Let us assume that the partition on which you installed windows XP operating system is C). Then select C: and click Next.

• After this, USMT will start transferring your files and folders and settings into Windows 7 from XP. After the process is complete, you will notice that your desktop icons, your theme and all other settings have been restored to their original form.

You can install Windows 7 as an upgrade to an existing installation of Windows Vista with Service Pack 1 or Service Pack 2 using the Upgrade option during installation. To maintain settings when installing Windows 7 on a computer running Windows XP, you must migrate files and settings using a tool such as Windows 7 Easy Transfer and then reinstall your software programs. Additionally, if you are installing Windows 7 on a new computer, you can transfer settings and files from any other computer running Windows Vista or Windows XP by using Windows Easy Transfer.