A bleak outlook for trump’s promises to coal miners – the new york times

“I don’t think the Trump presidency will have a material impact on bringing coal miners back to work,” said Ted O’Brien, a coal analyst at Doyle Trading Consultants, a leading energy industry research firm.

“He may eliminate the regulatory overhang,” Mr. Gasbuddy va O’Brien said, referring to the environmental rules that have cast a shadow over coal, “but I have a hard time seeing a surge in coal demand.”

Coal’s long decline predates President Obama’s arrival in the White House in 2009. Gas variables pogil worksheet answers The collapse of the American steel industry in late 20th century reduced demand for the metallurgical coal that is mined most prominently in Appalachia.

In addition, utilities have been slow to build new coal-fired power plants in recent decades because of air-quality concerns over the burning of the other type of coal — thermal coal — that is used for power plants and is mined across the country.

But natural gas may prove unbeatable. H gas l gas brennwert The hydraulic fracturing boom in shale fields that began a decade ago flooded the market with cheap natural gas that continues to erode coal’s market share. E suvidha electricity bill lucknow As recently as early 2008, coal was the source of roughly half of the electricity generated in the United States. A gas mixture is made by combining Now it is down to about 30 percent.

Coal mining employment began falling from its peak in the early 1980s, as industry practices like mountaintop removal meant fewer workers were needed. Electricity consumption Coal’s share of total energy consumption is now less than half what it was in the 1950s.

Beyond the declining demand for coal, there has been an even more fundamental factor behind the shift in coal mining employment, which peaked decades ago. Electricity schoolhouse rock As with those in many industries, jobs in mining have fallen victim to automation. Ideal gas kinetic energy High-tech shears can now shave coal from underground seams — work that formerly required hundreds of miners. Ag gaston birmingham Surface mining, which has been increasing in recent years, has also replaced many workers with heavy machinery.

Most of the losses have come in Appalachian mines — which produce coal for making steel and electricity — because they are older, deeper and more expensive to operate. Gas station jokes But automation is hitting employment in mines across the country.

“The industry is simply not going to produce the number of jobs that were historically available in the coal fields,” said Patrick C. Gaz 67b tamiya 1 35 McGinley, a law professor at West Virginia University, who focuses on coal issues.

A few years ago coal executives hoped exports — which represent about 8 percent of national production — would boom along with the economies of China and the developing world. Electricity review worksheet answers But exports peaked in 2012.

The same considerations have prompted international development banks and large investment companies like JPMorgan Chase and Bank of America to pull back on financing new coal-fired plants — a trend that is unlikely to change under Mr. Gas key bolt carrier Trump. Gas 91 octane Photo

The tighter air pollution regulations, which are still under challenge in court, forced utilities to choose between revamping aging coal-fired power plants to make them cleaner, or switching to natural gas or green sources like wind and solar. Gas vs electric stove safety Utilities across the country typically decided to switch.

Last year, as a result, 94 coal-fired power plants were closed across the country, and this year 40 more are expected to close by the end of December. Tgas advisors It is most unlikely that Mr. Eon replacement gas card Trump could do anything to bring those plants back online.

“All the older power plants that burned Eastern coal have been basically torn down, dismantled, put in mothballs, some of them permanently,” said Robert J. Gas leak in car Zik, the now-retired former vice president for operations at TECO Coal, a subsidiary of TECO Energy that was sold to another operator last year.

Other marginal measures the Trump administration might be able to take on coal’s behalf, industry executives say, include rolling back the rules that protect streams from surface mining and easing those for leases and royalties on coal mined on federal lands.

Industry executives say that to extend the life of at least some of the 400 or so coal-burning power plants still in use in the United States, the Trump administration and lawmakers in Congress could work with them on “clean coal” initiatives.

Acknowledging that climate change is an issue even if Mr. Gas and bloating pain Trump does not, Mr. Find a gas station close to me Reavey of Cloud Peak Energy wants federal incentives for utilities to refit existing power plants to burn coal more efficiently and to attach systems to their facilities that will capture carbon emissions and sink them permanently in the ground. 10 gases and their uses Such systems, known as carbon capture and sequestration, are currently so costly that utilities simply prefer to replace coal-fired plants with gas-fired ones.

Even before Mr. Gas in back symptoms Trump’s election, prices of some types of American coal — particularly the metallurgical variety that is mostly mined in Appalachia and is used to make steel — had been rallying.

That, in turn, had sent the stock prices of some coal mining operations soaring in recent months — a huge win for hedge funds that bought up the debt and equity of the companies when they were cheap.

But the big driver for coal’s price run-up was the dwindling supply, as American producers cut back even as Chinese mines were curbing their own production in recent months. Physics c electricity and magnetism Those price benefits are expected to be short-lived, as demand is depressed both by China’s pivot toward cleaner fuels to address the country’s endemic air pollution and by its new focus on a less energy-intensive consumer economy.