A visit to auschwitz-birkenau – world travelling adventures gas constant in atm


I sincerely believe that every person should visit Auschwitz during their lifetime. It is a vivid account to the world of what evil people are capable of. electricity magnetism and electromagnetism A reminder of the massive amount of death that authoritarian leaders can inflict with the ability and means to do it. This memorial and museum is a reminder to us and future generations of our responsibility to make sure something like this never happens again.

After a long overnight bus ride through Poland, I arrived in Oswiecim around 7 am. Auschwitz 1 was our first stop and was established in pre-war Polish barracks. We went through security and received our headphones that our guide would be using to talk to us on. Our guided tour started around 7:30 am. The tour of Auschwitz 1 took approximately 1.5 hours to complete.

This area was at the heart of Nazi-occupied Europe. Prisoners from all across Europe were brought here. There were other concentration camps, labor camps, and extermination camps established by the Nazis during World War 2 but this was the largest of its kind and killed more than any other. Approximately 1.3 million were transported here with 1.1 million of them being murdered. Around 1 million of those that were murdered here were Jews. Arbeit Macht Frei

We started our tour at the Arbeit Macht Frei gate (“Work will set you free”). Thousands of prisoners passed through this gate daily to long hours of hard labor in the surrounding area. These prisoners often carried back numerous fellow prisoners who died during the day’s work. They did this so the Nazi guards could account for each person. There was no regard for the reasons of death or the conditions the workers faced each day. The Blocks

Our next stop once in the gate was Block 4. Each building inside the camp was a block number. This building was set up mostly like a museum with pictures and quotes. There was an explanation of the execution chambers and the poison used to kill the victims. One of the most striking and difficult things I saw was in a room in this building. Before we entered this specific room we were instructed no photography was allowed. This was the only place during the entire tour we were not allowed to take pictures. Behind a glass wall in this room contained hair cut from women prisoners heads before they were sent to the execution chamber. There was enough hair displayed to fill a small swimming pool to try to provide you a description of the amount.

We left Block 4 and went into Block 5 next door. This building displayed items collected from the prisoners either during entry into Auschwitz or upon their execution. There were hundreds of eyeglasses in a display case one room. Prostheses removed from victims in another display case. Anything that could be stripped away and salvaged from the victims the Nazi took. Pans, bowl, utensils were in another case. One of the more powerful display cases to me in this building was the large displays of all of the luggage pieces with prisoners names and locations on them. The other was the shoes which numbered in the thousands. Seeing the tiny shoes of the small children and toddlers were most especially heartbreaking to see.

A highlight of the other Blocks we visited while at Auschwitz 1 showed us the prisoner living quarters, their bathrooms, and jail. The jail was located in the basement of Block 11. Some of the harshest treatment of those confined took place here. They would confine multiple prisoners in a standing room only cell for 3 to 10 nights. e payment electricity bill maharashtra They were forced to work during the day while being provided no rest at night. The basement here also provided the first experiments for the camp on the use of poison gases against the prisoners. Roll-Call and The Gallows

After visiting these Blocks we made our way through the camp to Roll-Call Square and the Collective Gallows. Many of the roll calls lasted for hours in poor weather and some prisoners would die during these formations. The Collective Gallows provided an opportunity for Nazis to intimidate the prisoners by executing victims in a public forum for violation of camp policy and rules. Camp Commandant’s House and Justice

From there we walked just outside of the camp boundary and saw the location of the Camp Commandant House. Also, we saw the gallows from where he hanged after the tribunal for his war crimes in 1947. The area from where the Commandant was executed was on the foundation of the Gestapo building where prisoners were interrogated and tortured at Auschwitz. The Gas Chamber and Crematorium at Auschwitz 1

Near the gallows was on old Polish military ammunition bunker that was built before the war. The Nazis turned initially turned this into a place to store dead prisoners while the bunker was being modified as a crematorium. In the fall of 1941 part of the bunker was turned into a gas chamber. Thousands of Jews and Russian were killed here with Zyklon B. This practice continued here until the gas chambers were opened in Birkenau at the end of 1942. In 1944 this bunker was used as an air raid shelter for the SS guards and Nazi administrative personnel. Birkenau

After we finished our tour of Auschwitz 1 we loaded back up on the bus to travel to Auschwitz 2- Birkenau about 3km (2 mi) away. Originally when this camp was being built it was intended for Russian prisoners of war. 76 gas station credit card login This camp became the largest Nazi concentration camp and ultimately became the largest center for the extermination of the Jews. At one point during the summer of 1944 the camp was holding 90,000 prisoners. The Camp and the Entrance Gate

From the parking area, you walk about 500 meters to the Entrance Gate. The railroad line ran through this entryway to the center of the camp where the prisoners were unloaded. The Entrance Gate was also served as the main SS guardhouse for the camp. The camp was sectioned off into numerous areas with fencing because of the mass amount of prisoners it held. This allowed the guards to control the prisoners better due to smaller groups instead of one large mass group of prisoners. The Ramp

This was the location that the prisoners disembarked from their overcrowded train wagon at the center of the camp. You will see one of the train wagons on display here. These small train wagons were packed so tight that it was standing room only for those inside. They would be locked inside for many days depending on how long it took the train to arrive here. gas evolution reaction Often times once they arrived some had already died due to the conditions they had to endure during the trip. The Selection

As the prisoners stepped off of the train they passed through a line where Nazi officials would point them in one of two directions. The Nazis were looking for able-bodied individuals who were able to work. The others would be led directly to the gas chambers. By “others” I mean small children, elderly, handicapped, and those already sick or weak. This was done under the disguise of a medical vehicle following them down the cobblestone path to the gas chambers with promises of medical assistance. This medical vehicle following the group would be carrying the poison that would eventually kill them in the gas chamber.

As I walked the down the same cobblestone road to the gas chambers I tried to imagine what it would have been like to step off of that train and walk down this path. Looking to my left and right seeing other prisoners behind the fences while wondering what was in store for me. Not knowing death awaited me within that very hour. It’s hard for our minds to comprehend such evil on this large of a scale. Gas Chambers and Crematoriums of Birkenau

The Nazis attempted to destroy the evidence of the death chambers at Birkenau by blowing them up prior to leaving. These gas chambers were designed and built to be killing machines unlike the one at Auschwitz 1 which was converted from an old ammunition bunker. The design at Birkenau had an undressing area complete with hooks to hang your personal clothes and items. All built under the disguise that you would be returning to collect your items after your shower. Once they were unclothed then they were led to the shower rooms and locked inside. The Zyklon B Chutes that were located in the ceiling was then loaded with the poison gas. The victims were then removed from the gas chamber by Jewish prisoners and transported by elevator to the furnace hall to be cremated. k electric jobs test Approximately 1 million Jews died by this process in Birkenau. Birkenau Barracks

The camp was sectioned off into numerous segments to maintain control of the prisoners. For those fortunate to avoid selection of the gas chamber upon their initial arrival, an overcrowded living environment of brick or wooden barracks with sickness and disease awaited them. Food provided to the prisoners was often rotten and never enough to maintain the nutrition needed for the human body.

The layered sleeping platforms, shown in the picture above, were designed to hold 3 or 4 people but in practice often held 6 or 7 on each level of the platform. The brick barracks were designed to hold 700 people while the wooden barracks were designed to hold 400. These numbers were always higher due to the number of people arriving at Birkenau each day. Many people were sleeping on the dirt floor of the buildings until other people died of starvation or disease and openings in the sleeping platforms came available. Liberation

In the latter part of 1944, the Nazi realized they were going to lose the war. They began destroying the evidence of the atrocities they committed at the concentration camps. The Nazis burned prisoner records, shipped out items taken from the victims, and destroyed the death chambers. In mid-January of 1945, the prisoners were forced on a death march deeper into Nazi-controlled territory as the Russian Army was approaching Auschwitz. On January 27, 1945, the Russian Army liberated the Auschwitz Camps and the 7,500 prisoners that were left behind because they were too sick or ill to make the death march.

By the end of the war many of the German officials who were a part of the atrocities that took place in these concentration camps were captured and forced to answer for their war crimes and crimes against humanity. For many decades these Nazis were hunted down and brought to justice. Auschwitz was one of many locations where these crimes were committed and it stands today as a memorial for the victims and reminder to all those who see it what evil men are capable of if left to their own doing.