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G predications and illustrate them using examples from the shared task corpus. Next, we describe a semantic categorization of embedding types, which underpins the creation of embedding predications. After discussing the construction of the trigger dictionary, we present our two-phase approach: the composition phase, informed by the trigger dictionary and syntactic dependency relations, and the mapping phase, informed by shared task constraints. Finally, we discuss coreference resolution in our framework, a subtask in the composition PubMed ID: phase. The shared task pipeline is graphically illustrated in Figure 1.Atomic vs. embedding predicationsDefinition 1. A predication Pr is an n-ary abstract semantic object that consists of a predicate P and n arguments.Pr := [P, Arg1..n ]Definition 2. A semantic object T is ontologically simple if it takes no arguments. A predication takes arguments and is an ontologically complex object. Definition 3. A predication is atomic, if all of its arguments are ontologically simple.Pratomic := [P, T1..n ]Definition 4. A predication is embedding, if it has at least one ontologically complex argument.Prembedding := [P, Arg1..n ], where (Argi : Argi PR) and PR is the set of all predications.Definition 5. A surface element SU is a single token or a contiguous multi-token unit, which may be associated with an abstract semantic object SEM. ?A surface item that is associated with a semantic object is said to be semantically bound (SU = SEM). ?Otherwise, it is said to be semantically free (SU = ). Consider the sentence in Figure 2, taken from the Medline abstract with PMID 7499266. Ontologicallysimple entities, atomic and embedding predications are illustrated. For CV205-502 hydrochloride web example, the surface element IBa corresponds to an ontologically simple entity, whose semantic type is PROTEIN. The surface item cells is semantically free. As illustrated in Figure 2, we denote ontologically simple entities as m:SEM(id), where m corresponds to the textual mention of the entity, SEM to its semantic type, and id to its unique identifier. We treat semantically free elements as ontologically simple entities, whose semantic types are not known, and represent them as m(id). Atomic predications in the same sentence are indicated with the identifiers e1, e2, and e3 in Figure 2. The predicates that trigger the atomic predications in the sentence are shown in bold. At the syntactic level, atomic predications prototypically correspond to verbal and nominalized predicates and their syntactic arguments. We denote atomic predications as m:SEM(id,t1..n), where m corresponds to the predicate mention and t1..n refer to ontologically simple argument(s) of the atomic predication. SEM is the semantic type of the predicate, and by extension, of the predication. Semantic types of atomic predications are event types from the shared task specifications, where applicable. Underlined expressions in the sentence (leads, presumed, important, and subsequent) trigger embedding predications (em4..7) and indicate higher level information relating biological processes indicated by atomic predications: leads, important and subsequent are used to make causal and temporal connections between these processes and presumed to indicate an assumption, though seemingly unproven, towards one of these connections. Syntactically, in addition to verbal and nominalized predicates and their syntactic arguments, embedding predications are also realized via subordination, complementation, and. Format Chat Posted on May 21, 2018 Author ACTH receptor- acthreceptor