Afghanistan resurrects its largest hydropower plant toward a brighter future gas in back symptoms


Kabul Province – Naghlu Hydropower Plant (NHPP), Afghanistan’s largest hydropower plant, has restarted operations of one of its four turbines after being nonfunctional since 2012, providing electricity for thousands in the three provinces of Kabul, Kapisa, and Nangarhar. The rehabilitation of the NHPP is considered a great achievement in the development of Afghanistan’s hydropower infrastructure.

. In recent years, the Afghan government has focused on mobilizing power from those hydropower plants that were under construction or in need of rehabilitation, such as the NHPP, as this is the quickest and most cost-effective way of providing power from this environmentally friendly source. Other hydropower projects include the Salma dam and the first phase of the Kajaki plant, which were completed in the last two years. In the next phase, the government will try to leverage private sector financing for additional hydropower plants, starting with the expansion of the Kajaki hydropower plant.

Afghanistan imports most of its power from neighboring countries. . “Hydropower from Naghlu is much cheaper to produce than imports,” says Amanullah Ghalib, Chief Executive Officer of Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS). “Therefore, DABS can make tremendous savings by using more of its domestic hydropower, making financial room to pay for more electricity connections in Afghanistan for about 70 percent of Afghans who do not have access to electricity. Naghlu hydropower will also make electricity more reliable for those who already have access to the electric grid.”

The electricity currently generated by the NHPP is divided between the accessible provinces during the different seasons, with the power mostly used during summer in Nangarhar and during spring and winter in Kabul city. When all four turbines become operational, .

“I hope all the turbines start operating so we can produce more electricity,” says Mohammad Shaker, the NHPP technical deputy. “Our challenges were mostly technical. The renovation and rehabilitation of the turbines require a large amount of money. With support from the international community, the activation [of the turbines] could become possible.”

NHRP funds also provide for the electrification of villages in Surobi and Tagab provinces to ensure that people living close to the plant also benefit from its power. Residents in Surobi district, like tailor Yadegar Ahmad, are happy about the start of the NHPP’s first turbine operations. He believes that the electricity generated by the NHPP will have a positive impact on his small business. “Without electricity, we can do nothing and by having electricity, we can carry out our work much more efficiently,” says Yadegar Ahmad, 30.

Another Surobi district resident, 56-year-old Mirza Ahmad, recalls the winters when he and fellow villagers had electricity for only a short period every third day. In the short time they had power, it was so weak that it could turn on only a small lamp. “Currently the electricity is good. Government officials told us that they are working on the Naghlu dam,” he says. “I think if the dam could produce proper electricity, businessmen will be interested in starting factories near Naghlu. .”