Aluminum work is fun ouchacha gaston yla agrupacion santa fe 2016


If you hike to the Taki waterfall in Ngardmau, and look around at the hills, you will see scars of red dirt that are remains/reminders of the bauxite ( chidudes) mining that occurred in Ngardmau from 1940 to 1944. Bauxite is the raw material that goes into making aluminum and it was mined by a Japanese company using the labor of Palauans, Okinawans, Koreans and other Micronesians. gas and supply acworth ga As you hike down the trail you’ll come across the remains of the cable-car [ kebruka] railroad that was used to transport the bauxite from the hills where it was mined to the processing facility and then to the dock. And when you see those tracks, you might start singing to yourself (or your friends) that classic song of Ngardmau, Arumi no Singoto [Aluminum Work], also known as “ Kebruka.”

The song was composed by Rechucher Kaske [1], [2], [3], [4], probably in the early 1940s. The earliest version of the song I have found was recorded by Lisa Sandei on the tape “Mai Tai” that she and Halley Eriich put out in 1992. This recording has a bit of a glam-rock sound to it, and I can picture a “flying-V” electric guitar playing the lead. The musicians are not listed on the liner notes, but the recording was made in the Philippines.

The site, located in Ngardmau State’s interior, contains the remains of two railroad tracks and three locomotives. electricity projects for grade 7 The railroad tracks run parallel to each other and were used to pull carts to the mines. The mined bauxite was hauled this way to the washing area to be cleaned and processed before it was sent to Japan. The tracks began at the bauxite washing area, pass east of site B:NR-5:5 (concrete foundations), and run south. They skirt the east side of the mine strip sites labeled B:NR-5:16 and B-NR-5:18 to end below the portion of the Compact Road that runs through Ngardmau State.

Tiang el olsechall el lambang er ngii a B:NR-5:12, a deel el klaiser el mle rolel a train (karrong / me a mle ochil a karrong) me a lakemotib [locomotive] el ngat er a ked er a Ngardmau el mle usbechall er a mla er ngii el urreor er a chidudes er a taem er a Siabal. A klungel tia el olsechall el milengai er a survey er a Ngardmau er a rak er a 2002, a omuchel er a orsool (B:NR-5:2), el nga er a mobedul a diluches e merael el mengesuch aike el lulengiis a chidudes er a ngii el bedul a dimes el mo er eou er a dimes-sungos er a ked er a Olngebard. Ngar er ngii a bebil er aika el klaiser [rails] el miltemall er a chelsel a mekemad (WW-2). static electricity zap Uriul er a mekemad e a rechad er a beluu a dirrek el mlo kengai aika el klaiser, me a ochil a karrong el mlo ousbech. A kot el omerrellel a rael er a ked er a bebeldaob (Babeldaob Road) el merael el mo soiseb er a beluu er a Ngardmau a dirrek el tilemall a bebil er ngii. Me ng di aike el cheroid er a rael me nga er a chelsel a chereomel a dirk cherrungel a teletelel el medechel. Aika el lakemotib el lullab el mengurs a karrong a chimo er ngii a ngar er a mobedul a diluches er a Waterfall Parking Area.

Me a teblong a ngar er a ullebengelel aika el klaiser er a mobedul a dimes el cheroid, me a ureor a dimlak el bo er ngii. Tia el lakemotib el lel kildmeklii er ngii a bekord eim el bung [5 minutes] a cherridel er a mobedul a diluches a de nga er a techukill el mo er a Taki e dorael el mo er ngii. Kedeb el Rekishi er a Omelai el Chidudes er a Rak er a 1938, e a Nanyo Aruminium Kogyo Kaisha el kombalii er a Siabal a milechelii a omelai el chidudes er a beluu er a Ngaremlengui. Ng di mle telkib e te mlo metik el kmo a klou el chidudes a bai ngar er a Ngardmau. E ungil a rolel a kerodel er ngii, el klou a ralm er ngii. gas x dosage pregnancy Tia a mle uchul e a kombalii a millukl el mlo er a Ngardmau, e liluut el kmal mlo klou. Ng mle betok el bedengir a rechad a luluusbech er tir, el rechad er a Belau, Okinawa, Korea (Chosen), me a rechad er a iungs er a Micronesia, ng di Marshall a dimlak. E tia el urreor er a chidudes a mla er ngii el mo lmuut er a 1944 (1940 – 1944), e ng mei a mekemad er Belau (WW-2), me ng milterob.

This historical landmark number B:NR-5:12 is the steel rails that were the path for the train (pushcart and its wheels) and locomotive that climbed the hill at Ngardmau and was used for the bauxite industry during Japanese time. The extent of this landmark was taken from a 2002 survey of Ngardmau and starts at the water basin that is toward the north and winds through the areas where they dug bauxite toward the south and below to the southeast at the hill of Olngebard. electricity transmission efficiency There are some rails that were destroyed during the war. After the war, the villagers also together took the rails and the wheels of the rail-cars and used them The first constructed road on Babeldaob that enters into the village of Ngardmau was also partially damaged. And just these distant roads that are inside the forest are still remaining in their complete form. Of these locomotives that pulled the train cars, one of them exists toward the north of the Waterfall Parking Area

And two are at the end of these tracks far toward the south, where they wouldn’t be able to work. This locomotive was situated about 5 minutes away toward the north if we take a detour on the way to Taki and we go to it. For a short history, bauxite was mined in 1938 when Nanyo Aruminium Kogyo Kaisha was the Japanese company that started to mine bauxite in the State of Ngaremlengui. It was just a little that they found there, but instead discovered large amounts of bauxite existed in Ngardmau. And there was a good path to its dock, with big supplies of water. This was the reason that the company eventually went to Ngardmau and again grew into a large operation.

Bauxite, a rock consisting chiefly of aluminum hydrate or hydroxide minerals, is the principal raw material used by the world’s immense aluminum industry. The aluminum industry consumes about 90 percent of the bauxite mined; the remaining 10 percent is used in making refractories, catalysts for petroleum refining, cements, abrasives, chemicals, and for other purposes. gasoline p The types of bauxite are

Bauxite deposits have formed chiefly by weathering of aluminous rock; some have been transported to their present locations, but most are residual accumulations from which most constituents of the parent rock other than alumina have been leached. Bauxite occurs in rocks ranging in age from Precambrian to Recent, and many deposits in the tropics are probably still forming. Most deposits of gibbsitic bauxite are in the tropics.

Bauxite deposits occur south and southeast of the village of Ngardmau and in the northwestern part of Babelthaup Island of the Palau Group. The bauxite occurs in deeply weathered andesitic agglomerates. Deeply weathered rocks support only a dense fern growth, and generally areas are heavily forested only where fresh rock is at or near the surface; therefore, the distribution of fern growth outlines areas worth prospecting. electricity clipart According to Bridge and Goldich (1948, p. 22), the vertical sequence of weathered rocks containing the bauxite is typically as follows:

Gibbsite is the chief bauxite mineral present, and hematite is the chief impurity. Minor amounts of boehmite and goethite and appreciable quantities of kaolinite and halloysite are also present in the bauxite. The average chemical composition of unwashed samples from one locality representing a bauxite layer 24 feet thick is 35.89 percent Al 20 3, 10.33 percent Si0 2 , 20.75 percent Fe 2O 3, and 0.7 percent Ti0 2 , and the loss on ignition is 32.56 percent (Bridge and Goldich, 1948, p. 26).

Japanese geologists have estimated that 2-3 million tons of washed bauxite can be recovered from deposits in which the recoverable concentrate is 30 percent by weight. The reserves increase to 5 million tons if the washed concentrate requirement is reduced to 20 percent of the bauxite in the ground. Very tentative estimates place the total potential bauxite resources on Babelthaup at 40-50 million tons (Bridge and Goldich, 1948, p. 6-8).

In the 1930s the Japanese became interested in the bauxite deposits in Ngardmau. The first mine began operations in 1940. gas variables pogil answers extension questions The deposits were strip mined and transported by rail to a terminal on the hill south of the villages. The deposits were washed to concentrate the ore and then transported by gondola cars on a tramway across the mangroves to the new dock built by the Japanese for loading the ore onto ships. Also, the operations included a large water system for piping water from a series of dams located near the waterfall to the washing area and to the dock for supplying water to ships. The mining and water system operations were large and involved vast areas. The strip mines, there were six or seven mines, cover many hectares of land on the south side of the river. The terraces cut during the mining still remain as bare scars nearly unchanged in the last 40 years.

Enough of the history lesson, let’s listen to another recording. While I’m pretty sure that this song was written in the early 40’s, I haven’t found any 1960s recordings of it. The Friday Night Club did record it on one of their reunion tapes, issued in the 1990s, so that probably means it was in their repertoire in the 1960s. Here is someone from the Friday Night Club (vocalist not identified) singing Arumi no Singoto on the tape “ Adidil ma Irechar” recorded in 1997. The backup musicians on the tape were Leeland Naruo on keyboard and Alvino Oda and/or Skilang Rengchol on guitar (who played on this track is not identified).