An irish catholic hero of the revolution emerging revolutionary war era electricity in salt water experiment


In 1769 John Fitzgerald sailed from the emerald green fields of County Wicklow, Ireland to the southern British colonial town of Alexandria, Virginia. Fitzgerald left a country that was firmly under the domination of British and Protestant rule. Despite making up a majority of the residents of the country, Irish Catholics were treated as second class subjects in Ireland. What Fitzgerald would find electricity and magnetism lecture notes in colonial Virginia would not have been that much different as many British colonists had anti-Catholic sentiments. Fitzgerald would find it illegal for him to openly worship in Virginia. He would be forced to celebrate Catholic mass in his private home.

Despite the prejudices he faced, Fitzgerald became a merchant in Alexandria and would soon become good friends with the prominent local citizen, George electricity experiments Washington. As tensions began to build between Great Britain and the American colonies, Fitzgerald would become an early proponent of the patriot cause. As early as 1774, Fitzgerald had joined the local patriot militia, the Fairfax Independent Company, as an officer.

In early 1776, Fitzgerald became a captain in the 3rd Virginia Regiment of the Continental Line, and was promoted to major that fall. In November, Fitzgerald was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel v gashi 2013 and joined Washington’s headquarters as an aide-de-camp. Fitzgerald joined his staff at one of the darkest moments of the entire war. Fitzgerald joined as what was left of Washington’s army was retreating across the state of New Jersey. Washington’s army was dissolving before his very eyes. From 24,000 men wd gaster cosplay tutorial that August, by December Washington only counted about 3,000 men. In this trying time, Fitzgerald would be by Washington’s side as the revolution seemed near an end. He would then join Washington and his men as they crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night and took part in the pivotal battles at Trenton and Princeton. (Read about these important battles in my book “Victory or Death: The Battles of Trenton and Princeton”)

“Washington, after several ineffectual efforts to restore the fortunes of the fight, is seen to rein up his horse, with his head to the enemy, and in that position to become immovable gasco abu dhabi salary . . . the American chief is between the adverse posts, as though he had gas in babies how to get rid of it been placed there, a target for both. The arms of both lines are leveled. Can escape from death be possible? Fitzgerald, horror-struck at the danger of his beloved commander, dropped the reins upon his horse’s neck, and drew his hat over his face, that he might not see him die. A roar of musketry succeeds, and then a shout. It is the shout of victory. The aide-de-camp ventures to raise his eyes, and Oh, glorious sight! the enemy are broken and flying, while dimly amidst the glimpses of the smoke is seen the chief, “alive, unharmed, and mp electricity bill payment jabalpur with out a wound,” waving his hat, and cheering his comrades to the pursuit.

Colonel Fitzgerald, celebrated as one of the finest horsemen in the American army, now dashed his rowels in his charger’s flanks, and, heedless of the dead and dying in his way, flew to the side of his chief, exclaiming, “Thank God electricity freedom system! your excellency is safe!” The favorite aide, a gallant and warm-hearted son of Erin, a man of thews and sinews, and “albeit unused to the melting mood,” now gave loose rein to his feelings, and wept like a child, for joy.

Fitzgerald was with Washington at Brandywine and Germantown, and weathered the terrible winter at Valley Forge. In the summer of 1778, while riding by Washington’s side at the battle of Monmouth, he was wounded by a British musket ball. Fitzgerald would return electricity off peak hours to Alexandria where he would stay for the remainder of the war. At one point in April of 1781, he rallied Virginia militia soldiers to Jones Point in Alexandria in order to scare off a British raiding party that was making its way up the Potomac River. The British never landed and sailed away.

After the war, Fitzgerald would become a major figure in the local politics of Alexandria. In 1786 he was elected the mayor of the town. That same year, Virginia passed the Statute of Religious Liberty. Penned by Thomas Jefferson, the legislation ensured freedom of religion for the electricity was invented in what year inhabitants of the state. The freedom of religion was clearly a right Fitzgerald had fought for and was eager to establish the Catholic Church in Virginia. On St. Patrick’s Day in 1788, Fitzgerald hosted George Washington in Alexandria and offered his support in the ratification of the new United States Constitution. During this event, Fitzgerald also proposed to Washington the creation of a Catholic Church in Alexandria, and gas density Washington offered some money to help establish this church. Thus, Fitzgerald was instrumental in establishing the first Catholic church in Virginia, the Basilica of St. Mary in Old Town, Alexandria.