Apple becomes a green energy supplier, with itself as customer – the new york times

A worker helps install new solar panels at a First Solar plant outside Cholame, Calif. La gastronomie Apple will purchase the electricity generated by the plant to power its stores in California. Gas mask bong nfl Credit

PALO ALTO, Calif. Gas dryer vs electric dryer cost savings — The words are stenciled on the front of the Apple Store, a glass box sandwiched between a nondescript Thai restaurant and a CVS pharmacy in downtown Palo Alto: “This store runs on 100 percent renewable energy.”

If Apple’s plans play out, it will be able to make that claim not only for its operations throughout California but also beyond, as the company aims to meet its growing needs for electricity with green sources like solar, wind and hydroelectric power.

Like other big companies before it, including Walmart and Google, Apple recently received a federal designation for its energy subsidiary that allows it to become a wholesale seller of electricity from coast to coast. Year 6 electricity worksheets In effect, Apple is creating its own green utility company, although the main customer is itself.

The motives may be economic as much as they are environmental. Gas up yr hearse As a wholesaler, Apple could reduce the cost of its electricity load, which reached 831 million kilowatt-hours in the last fiscal year — enough to power about 76,000 homes for a year. Gas monkey monster truck But like a growing number of corporations, Apple is intent on reducing carbon dioxide emissions from electricity production — one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Gas mileage comparison Continue reading the main story

Lisa Jackson, the former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency who is now the Apple executive overseeing environmental policy, social initiatives and worldwide government affairs, said she hoped Apple could serve as a model for the many other big corporate power users that are now embracing clean energy.

“This is just another sort of innovative way to get that power onto the grid so we don’t have to take the California grid-mix default, which still includes fossil fuel,” Ms. Gas definition wikipedia Jackson said.

Although much of Apple’s manufacturing is done offshore, it still has extensive needs for electric power in the United States — and not only for the sprawling new corporate campus it is building at its headquarters in Cupertino, Calif., and its 270 retail stores around the country.

One of Apple’s biggest demands for electricity comes from operating the computing cloud through which it sells apps, music and videos to users of its iPhones, iPads and Mac computers.

Apple’s move comes as prices for renewable energy continue to plummet. Done with electricity tattoo book And signing long-term contracts allows businesses to shield themselves from potentially higher, more volatile charges from a power company. 1 unit electricity price india Apple would not say how much it was paying for California Flats’s energy, but Ms. Electricity distribution map Jackson said last year at a Wall Street Journal conference that it was less than what it paid for commercial power. Gaston yla agrupacion santa fe 2016 She said she expected the company to save hundreds of millions of dollars over the life of the contract.

Google, which received its federal energy wholesale designation from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in 2010, is a big proponent of the approach Apple is now taking.

“Running any kind of business, having predictability in terms of your operating costs can be very important,” said Gary Demasi, director of operations for data center energy and location strategy at Google, which has been a leading investor in and user of clean energy. E electricity bill “Renewable energy, from a cost perspective, is now competitive with other forms of energy, much more so than it was a few years ago.”

In the United States, the generating capacity of corporate clean energy projects has more than doubled each year since 2013, according to the Business Renewables Center at the Rocky Mountain Institute, which tracks publicly announced deals. Electricity worksheets grade 9 In 2015, 11 companies signed up for 3.23 gigawatts’ worth of projects, roughly the equivalent of five coal plants and up from 1.18 gigawatts the year before.

Robert F. Electricity physics pdf Shapiro, a partner at the law firm Chadbourne & Parke who focuses on project finance and energy, describes it as meaningful symbolism.

“They’re actually getting power from their local utility, which may be coal,” Mr. Electricity and magnetism study guide 5th grade Shapiro said. Gas line jobs in wv “But they’re deemed to have put into the world carbon-neutral energy, which they are deemed to have used for their load.”

“The power flows into the grid. Electricity worksheets The electrons go where they go,” Ms. A gas has no volume Tawney said. Electricity off peak hours “But because there’s a renewable-energy certificate, no one else can claim the same zero-carbon benefit.”

Such complexities are necessary, executives and clean energy advocates say, because it is not often feasible to install enough renewable-power generators at corporate sites to meet companies’ full energy needs.

Walmart, despite having installed solar panels, wind turbines and fuel cells at stores and distribution centers, can nonetheless meet only about a third of those operations’ energy needs. Gas variables pogil extension questions So it also buys renewable energy from generators and utilities, said David Ozment, director of energy at Walmart stores.

Procter & Gamble, another member of the energy buyers’ alliance, has arranged to purchase all of the steam from a biomass generator under construction at a plant in Georgia where it makes Charmin toilet paper and Bounty paper towels, said Jack McAneny, the company’s director of sustainability.

But that was possible, he said, only because of the plant’s location near a source of waste wood and pulp for fuel and the cooperation of P&G’s partners. R gas constant chemistry Among those partners are the local utility, Georgia Power, which will buy the electricity from the generator for its customers from Constellation, the company that developed and will own and operate the generator.

At Apple, where the purchase or production of renewable energy has more than tripled since 2012, the company would prefer to not have to go to great lengths to ensure a clean energy supply, Ms. Gas in babies treatment Jackson said. Electricity 101 powerpoint But the public energy grid is simply still too dependent on carbon-based fuels to make that possible.