Automotive industry in france – wikipedia electric utility companies in arizona


1933 – With French passenger car production at 140,635 units, France lost its place as Europe’s top automobile producer to Great Britain 220,775. The French roads nevertheless reflected three decades during much of which the French auto-industry had led the world, with a car parc of 1,448,000, ahead gastroenteritis of Britain which had 1,210,880 cars registered and of Germany with only 510,680 cars. [13]

1936 – While the British and German economies powered ahead during the 1930s, growth in the French economy was at best tentative, with a period of destructive strikes and economic paralysis during the middle years of the decade. In Germany the Hitler government treated the German auto-industry to a central role in a radical economic strategy driven by what can be seen as a Keynesian approach to fiscal stimulus. In 1936 France fell from second to third place among Europe’s auto-producing nations, recording production of 204,000 [14] cars, while Germany’s production amounted to 213,117 passenger cars. [15]

1970 – Citroën introduces the Citroën SM, a large coupe featuring a self-leveling suspension, self-centering speed-sensitive power steering, hydropneumatic brakes, and engine technology from Masarati. It also launched the new GS family car, which is voted European Car of the Year. Chrysler launches a new French-built, British-designed electricity usage calculator kwh flagship saloon model, the 180.

1975 – The Simca 1307 (sold in Britain as the Chrysler Alpine) is launched and is voted European Car of the Year, making use of a hatchback bodystyle and front-wheel drive. Citroen is saved from collapse by merging into Peugeot. Renault moves into the luxury car market with its 20/30 range, which unusually for this sector of car features a hatchback and front-wheel drive. Launch of the Citroen LN, which features a 652cc two-cylinder engine and a three-door hatchback based on the Peugeot 104. The last Citroen DS is built after 20 years and more than 1.4 million sales worldwide.

1978 – PSA Peugeot Citroën takes over Chrysler’s European division, the former Rootes Group in Britain and Simca in France. Shortly before the sale is completed, the new Horizon mid-sized hatchback is voted European Car of the Year. Launch of the Renault 18 saloons and estates, which feature front-wheel drive and will eventually replace the long-running R12 models. Renault begins financial involvement with American Motors. Citroën launches the gas 10 8 schlauchadapter Visa, a small five-door hatchback. Peugeot launches the 305 saloon, which will eventually replace the smaller 304.

1979 – Peugeot launches the 505 saloon, replacement for the 504, which will remain in production for a few years in Europe. The Simca marque is discontinued after 45 years by the company’s new owner Peugeot, who revive the Talbot badge for the entire former Chrysler Europe model range. The Citroen GS is updated after nine years to become the GSA, and gains a hatchback.

1980 – Demise of the Renault 12 after 11 years in production and the Renault 16 after 15 years. New to the Renault range is the Renault Fuego coupe, which is similar in size and price to cars like the Ford Capri. Peugeot launches the Talbot Solara, a saloon version of the Alpine hatchback, and a new flagship saloon, the Tagora gas up, which was actually developed by Chrysler as a replacement for the 180/2 litre models.

1986 – Georges Besse, Chairman of Renault, is murdered by the communist terrorist group Action Directe. End of Talbot Samba and Alpine production, as Peugeot begins to phase out the Talbot brand, which will be retained for commercial vehicles only. Renault replaces the 18 saloon and estate with the Renault 21 saloon and Nevada/Savanna seven-seater estate. French production and sales of the Renault 4 finish after 25 years, but it is set to continue production in Argentina until the early 1990s. The Citroen GS/GSA is finally discontinued after 16 years in production.

1991 – Peugeot partly replaces its hugely popular 205 with the slightly smaller 106, while Citroen re-enters the medium-sized hatchback market with its ZX, the first of two replacements for the ageing BX. The final versions of the CX are built after a production run of 17 years, with the estate model being axed two years after gas in babies that breastfeed the saloon, to make way for the new XM estate. Peugeot launches a new entry-level model, the 106.

1995 – Renault launches the Megane, a medium-sized range of hatchbacks, saloons, coupes, cabriolets and estates. Renault also launches an estate version of the Laguna to replace the Nevada/Savanna. Launch of the Eurovan, a venture between PSA and Fiat, which will be sold as an MPV with Peugeot, Citroen, Fiat and Lancia badges. Peugeot replaces the long-running and hugely successful 405 with the 406, although it is initially only sold as a saloon.

1996 – Renault is privatized and its new Scenic version of the Megane hatchback is launched to compete in the new compact MPV sector, winning the European Car of the Year award. Production of R5 is finally ended after nearly 25 years, although the last few years of production were concentrated in Slovenia rather than France. Peugeot facelifts the 106 supermini to keep it competitive with a host of newer rivals, while Citroen makes use of the 106 design for its new Saxo, which replaces the AX. Peugeot re-enters the coupe market quadcopter gas engine after more than a decade away with the 406 Coupe.

1999 – Renault obtains a controlling interest in Japanese automaker Nissan. Renault buys 99% ownership in Romanian automaker Dacia, which has produced its version of the Renault 12 for the last 30 years. Launch of the Citroen Picasso, a compact MPV similar in the style to the Renault Scénic, which is based on the floorpan of the Xsara hatchback.

2000 – Demise of the Citroen XM after 11 years, following a sharp fall in sales since the mid 1990s. The Peugeot 206 CC is launched – the first French car to feature a folding steel roof, which enables it to double as a coupe and convertible. The second generation Renault Laguna is introduced at the end of the year, being one of the first mass production cars to feature a keyless entry and ignition system.