Aviation industry’s plan to ‘offset’ its emissions is crazy – the ecologist

Offsetting is worse than doing nothing. Natural gas jokes It is without scientific legitimacy, is dangerously misleading and almost certainly contributes to a net increase in the absolute rate of global emissions growth.

If it were a country, aviation would be the seventh largest greenhouse gas emitter. Gas 02 Flying is the fastest growing source of greenhouse gases. Gas number Between 1990 and 2012, emissions from flying increased by 76%.

But the aviation sector is not covered by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Gas and supply shreveport In 1997, governments decided to exclude aviation and shipping emissions from the Kyoto Protocol. Gas pain relief They handed over responsibility for reducing emissions from flying to the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

In the 19 years since the Kyoto Protocol, ICAO has been spectacularly ineffective at reducing emissions from aviation. Electricity song youtube Every year more and more people are flying. Gas density and molar mass More than one million ‘super commuters’ in the USA take the plane to work.

A certain amount can be done to make aeroplanes more efficient. Gas definition state of matter But these changes are slow. Power generation definition The industry isn’t going to scrap all its existing planes to replace them with more modern, more efficient models.

Biofuels are one option that the industry is looking at. Physics c electricity and magnetism formula sheet But a vast area of land would be required for biofuel plantations to feed the aviation industry. Types of electricity generation That means either clearing forests, or taking over agricultural land that is currently used for producing food. Ideal gas definition chemistry And biofuels are not carbon neutral.

At its 2013 General Assembly, ICAO adopted Resolution A38-18: “Consolidated statement of continuing ICAO policies and practices related to environmental protection – Climate change”. 1 electricity unit in kwh ICAO’s response to climate change? Carbon offsets. Power kinetic energy Resolution A38-18 includes the following statement:

“to promote sustainable growth of aviation, a comprehensive approach, consisting of work on technology and standards, and on operational and market-based measures to reduce emissions is necessary;”

ICAO’s proposal relies heavily on carbon offsetting. Electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning 9th edition answers The proposal gives the impression of taking action on climate change but it will do nothing to reduce emissions. Gas 76 station Action on climate change means reducing emissions from burning fossil fuels. World j gastrointest surg impact factor Carbon offsetting does not reduce emissions.

In theory, carbon trading reduces emissions in one place and allows them to continue somewhere else. Youtube gas pedal In practice, the clean development mechanism massively increased production of HFC coolant gases purely to profit from carbon trading and in the process making climate change worse.

The entire point of a market-based mechanism (or carbon trading, as it used to be known, before the term became too controversial) is that it gives the impression that something is being done, without the necessity to actually reduce emissions from burning fossil fuels.

ICAO’s next General Assembly will take place in Montreal from 27 September to 7 October 2016. Gsa 2016 calendar During the meeting ICAO is supposed to reach a decision on what this carbon market will look like.

On 3 September 2016, the USA and China put out a joint statement supporting an agreement in Montreal: “Today, the United States and China are expressing their support for the ICAO Assembly reaching consensus on such a measure.”

But the discussions so far have not gone well. Gas and supply There’s a repeat of the debate from the UNFCCC negotiations between the rich countries and the Global South about whose responsibility it is to reduce emissions. Gas x strips review That’s ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ in UN jargon.

Even if ICAO does agree a carbon trading deal in Montreal, it will be voluntary for the first five years. Gastritis Bill Hemmings of Brussels-based NGO Transport and Environment told Reuters: “Aviation, in particular, will need to make a fair contribution on the needed emissions reductions. Electricity and circuits class 6 A voluntary scheme will not achieve this.”

But this is a bit of a red herring. Gas pains 6 weeks pregnant A voluntary carbon trading scheme would make a completely useless proposal to address climate change even more useless. Electricity kwh to unit converter With the prospect of introducing the completely useless version at some point in the future.

As a way of addressing climate change, offsetting flying against the carbon stored in forests would be insane. Gas and bloating after every meal Not only would such a scheme allow the aviation sector to continue expanding and to continue burning fossil fuels, it would rely on carbon being stored in forests. Gas and bloating Yet as climate change worsens, the risk of these forests burning and returning the carbon to the atmosphere is increasing.

REDD proponents such as Kevin Conrad and Norway’s Per Pharo are in favour. Electricity definition chemistry But more than 80 NGOs (including Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth International) have signed on to a statement opposing ICAO’s offsetting plans.

Climate change is getting worse. Gas city indiana The last 12 months has been the hottest on record. Hair electricity dance moms Glaciers and sea ice are shrinking. J gastroenterol hepatol impact factor In 2015, James Hansen and a team of climate scientists warned that sea level could rise 10 times faster than previously predicted.

Heatwaves are longer and more intense. Gas dryer vs electric dryer singapore Heatwaves last year in India and Pakistan killed thousands of people. Electricity of the heart In May 2016, India recorded its highest temperature ever. Gas zombies Forest fires, flooding and droughts are getting worse. Electricity examples Hurricans in the North Atlantic are getting more frequent and more intense. Electricity experiments Permafrost is melting. Gas in oil As it melts it’s releasing methane. Electricity lessons for 5th grade And anthrax. Mp electricity bill pay indore Permafrost covers 20% of the earth’s land surface.

“Offsetting is worse than doing nothing. M gastrocnemius It is without scientific legitimacy, is dangerously misleading and almost certainly contributes to a net increase in the absolute rate of global emissions growth.”

The last thing we need now is a massive new carbon trading mechanism that will allow hundreds of millions of tons of fossil fuel carbon to be emitted to the atmosphere. Gas block dimple jig But that is precisely what ICAO is proposing.

Chris Lang runs REDD-Monitor, which aims to facilitate discussion about the concept of reducing deforestation and forest degradation as a way of addressing climate change.