Barrett’s oesophagus med-health.net 76 gas station hours

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The oesophagus is the muscular tube or gullet that connects the oral cavity to the stomach. Food passes through the oesophagus, which is normally lined in the inner wall by flat cells. People who have a condition called Barrett’s oesophagus (also spelled Barrett’s esophagus) have abnormal cells lining in the lower gullet, and an increased likelihood of developing cancer in the oesophagus. If you have Barrett’s oesophagus, consult a doctor to determine if precancerous changes are developing in your oesophagus. If so, you may be advised to seek treatment to reduce your risk of cancer. What Is Barrett’s Oesophagus?

Barrett’s esophagus (named after the person who first discovered it) is a condition that affects the lower esophagus. The esophagus (or oesophagus) is the gullet or muscular tube that is lined inside with pinkish-white squamous cells. These cells are characteristically flat. However, people who have Barrett’s oesophagus develop cells that are tall (columnar) and red. These columnar cells develop in the lower end of the esophagus near the stomach, which is normally lined with similar cells. Therefore, the condition is sometimes also called columnar-lined oesophagus. What Are the Symptoms of Barrett’s Oesophagus?

Common symptoms of Barrett’s esophagus include indigestionand heartburn. You may also experience difficulty swallowing food, nausea and vomiting. Less commonly, you may have blood in your vomit or pain when swallowing. Seek medical help if your symptoms do not improve in two weeks, or if you see blood in your vomit. What Causes Barrett’s Oesophagus?

Most often, Barrett’s oesophagus is caused bygastroesophageal reflux disease, which is also called reflux esophagitis. This condition occurs when stomach acids irritate your esophagus. While your stomach is lined by cells that are resistant to acidic environment, the esophagus is not. So, when acid goes up into the lower esophagus, inflammation can take place.

However, not everyone who has GERD will develop Barrett’s oesophagus. Only about 10% of people with recurring or chronic reflux esophagitis will develop Barrett’s oesophagus after many years. And Barrett’s esophagus is more likely to occur in people who are over 50, and is more common in men. If you have symptoms of acid reflux (even though which could be mile) and you smoke or overweight, then you have a higher risk to develop Barrett’s oesophagus than others. What Can I Do to Relieve Symptoms of Barrett’s Oesophagus?

If you have GORD, you may be advised to make some dietary changes to improve your symptoms. These include eating frequent small meals instead of three big meals and eating less fatty foods. You must also avoid foods or drinks that can make your symptoms worse, such as:

To strengthen the lower esophageal valve, a surgical procedure called fundoplication may be done. In this procedure, the surgeon may make a small incision on the abdomen and operate using a laparoscope. Another alternative is to operate through a large incision (laparotomy). The surgery results in reduction of acid reflux. 4. Remove the Affected Area

• Photodynamic therapy (PDT). This treatment uses an endoscope to insert laser light into the esophagus to destroy abnormal cells without damaging normal tissues. To make the abnormal cells light-sensitive, the patient is asked to take a drug called Photofrin.

• Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). This procedure removes the abnormal tissues lining the esophagus through an endoscope. It aims at removing precancerous or cancerous cells in the esophageal lining. If there are cancer cells, an ultrasound is done before the procedure to determine if deeper tissues of the esophagus are involved.

• Epithelial radiofrequency ablation (EFA). This procedure involves the insertion of a radiofrequency energy coil through endoscopy. The coil emits heat energy and destroys abnormal cells, which are replaced by the multiplication of adjacent normal cells.