Best medicinal herbs to grow in your garden home herbalism electricity usage by state


This list of the best medicinal herbs to grow in your garden is ideal for those just beginning their herbal journey. When you cultivate your own herbs, you won’t have to worry about positively identifying the plants as you would with plants growing in the wild. You will also know how the plants were grown, ideally organically without herbicides and pesticides, and away from pollutants.

Calendula is one of the most beautiful herbs to have in the garden. It’s cheery and bright. It’s also one of the most useful. It can be used fresh right out of the garden or dried for later use. Calendula is sometimes called pot marigold but it is not to be confused with the garden variety of marigold. Look for Calendula officinalis.

Externally, it can also be used for lymph congestion by applying as a massage oil to the congested area. Calendula is one of the best skin healing herbs and is a wonderful addition to aging skincare cream recipes and wound healing recipes. It encourages cellular repair and growth while also having antiseptic qualities.

Echinacea is also called purple cone flower and is common to many ornamental gardens. The large, showy purple blooms are quite attractive and easy to grow. They are perennial and will also self propagate by seed. Medicinally, you can use all parts of the plant: flower, leaf, seed and root. The species Echinacea purpurea is the largest and most beautiful of the Echinaceas.

Echinacea is one of the top immune enhancing herbs, raising the body’s natural resistance to infection. Take it as a tincture or tea at the first sign of cold, flu, or any respiratory infection. It can also be used externally as an antiseptic for sores, cuts, bites, stings and infections.

It’s most known for its aid in digestive issues, easing gas and stomach cramps, as well as helping with nausea. Basil can be eaten or taken in tea for this purpose. Use it the same way as a mild sedative for nervous irritability, fatigue, anxiety, mild depression and insomnia.

Lavender is one of the most beautiful aromatic plants and is one of the most essential herbs to have in the garden. It’s quite easy to grow if you find a nice sunny, warm location. There are many varieties, but most often Lavandula officinalis or Lavandula angustifolia are grown. Some varieties are more hardy than others. It’s best to purchase plants when beginning rather than starting from seed.

Lavender is a relaxing, calming and uplifting herb with mild anti-depressant activity. Use it for tension, stress, insomnia and headaches. Some also use it for digestive issues. Take it in a tea or tincture. An oil can be made to use externally as an antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic for many ailments of the skin.

Lemon balm has a delicious lemony flavor. You will want to be sure to grow Melissa officinalis. This herb has a tonic effect on the heart and cardiovascular system. It also is a gentle and effective nerve tonic, useful for tension, general exhaustion, stress, anxiety, grief and mild depression. It can be helpful for children with ADD, ADHD or nightmares.

Marshmallow is a nutritive tonic with mucilaginous properties. Mucilaginous means slippery and gelatinous. This texture is useful for soothing and lubricating irritated and inflamed tissues. In particular, it’s used for dry coughs. It also has an affinity for inflamed or irritated conditions of the digestive system such as gastritis, peptic ulcers and colitis. Many find it useful for urinary infections as well.

The fruit, or chili, of the plant has a long history for strengthening the heart and helping to lower cholesterol. The ways to take cayenne internally are numerous and usually through our food. Many also use it topically to reduce nerve pain due to arthritis, bursitis, muscles and joint pain. Just be careful not to get cayenne into the eyes or other sensitive areas.

Garden sage, Salvia officinalis, is one of those infamous remedies for sore throats. It’s also useful for laryngitis, tonsillitis, bleeding gums, canker sores or any other inflammations of the mouth. Use it as a spray, gargle, mouthwash or swab.

A lesser known use is for hot flashes, fevers and excessive sweating such as night sweats as it helps to cool the system. Nursing mothers find the drying quality helpful for weaning toddlers and drying up milk production. Sage also helps to digest fatty meats and lower cholesterol.

Chamomile is a well-known and gentle herb. It is an excellent remedy for children or elderly whose systems are compromised. That being said, it is also an effective remedy for just about anyone. It’s most useful in three areas: relaxing, digestive and anti-inflammatory.

As a relaxing herb, it helps calm where there is stress, anxiety and insomnia. For digestive issues, drink chamomile tea for colic, gas, indigestion, gastritis or any stomach disorders with tension or inflammation. As an anti-inflammatory it’s used for arthritis and other joint pains and swellings.

Garlic is one of the best medicinal herbs to grow in your garden and one that most herbalists could not be without. Many people think of it as a culinary ingredient, but it is simply loaded with medicinal uses. It’s most valued for boosting the immune system and is excellent for cold and flu. Externally, it’s antimicrobial for all types of skin infections.

Plant it in the fall for a spring harvest or early spring for a fall harvest. The bulbs produce flowering stalks called scapes which can also be used. You can pickle the garlic for a great tasting snack or easily incorporate into all kinds of cooked foods. Be sure to save some of the best cloves for the next planting season.