Bladder cancer radiation therapy lifespan grade 6 science electricity multiple choice test


To get this treatment, you’ll see a radiation oncologist. This doctor sets your treatment plan. The plan tells what kind of radiation you’ll have and how long the treatment will last. Your doctor can tell you what to expect during treatment. He or she can also tell you how you may feel during and after the treatment. When might radiation therapy be used to treat bladder cancer?

Radiation to treat bladder cancer is called external radiation. The radiation comes from a machine. It’s directed to the tumor from outside of your body. You can’t feel the radiation. It’s a lot like getting an X-ray. External radiation is normally given on an outpatient basis in a hospital or a clinic. You’ll likely get treatments once a day for 5 days in a row. You’ll do this for about 3 to 8 weeks. Each session takes only a few minutes. You don’t need to stay overnight in a hospital.

This visit may take up to 2 hours. During the simulation process, you’ll lie still on a table while your healthcare provider uses a machine to define your treatment fields. He or she will likely use a CT scan or an X-ray machine. These fields are also called treatment ports. This is the exact spot on your body where the radiation will be aimed. Your skin may be marked with tiny dots of colored permanent ink or tattoos. This is done so the radiation can be aimed at the exact same place each time.

On the days you have radiation, you may have to change into a hospital gown. Your healthcare provider may ask you to have a full bladder or an empty bladder before treatments. You’ll lie on a table while the machine is placed over you. It’s like getting an X-ray, only it lasts longer. The whole process takes about 15 to 30 minutes. The therapist lines up the machine exactly with your marked treatment fields.

The therapist will leave the room to turn on the machine, but you’ll be able to talk to him or her over an intercom. Sometimes X-ray images or a "cone beam CT scan" are taken for alignment before each treatment. Then the therapist will give the treatment. The cone beam CT scan has the machine rotate around you taking X-rays. After you’re aligned, the therapist will give the radiation. You can’t feel radiation, and the machine will not touch you. You may hear whirring or clicking noises. You won’t be radioactive afterwards. What are common side effects of radiation therapy?

Because radiation affects normal cells as well as cancer cells, you may have some side effects. Usually, the risk of side effects is much less than the benefit of killing cancer cells. Some people have no side effects at all. Side effects are related to the dose of radiation you get and the area of your cancer. In general, you’ll only have side effects in the area that’s been treated.

Bladder irritation. This can cause more frequent urination and burning with urination. You may see blood in your urine or the color of your urine may change. Call your healthcare provider if you think you’re bleeding. In some cases, it can be serious. This can become a long-term problem.

The side effects of radiation treatment can be unpleasant, but they usually aren’t dangerous. Talk with your healthcare team about how to control them. Most of these side effects go away a few weeks after you stop getting treatment. Working with your healthcare provider

To help deal with the medical information and remember all of your questions, bring a family member or close friend with you to your appointments. It may also help to bring a written list of concerns. This will make it easier for you to remember your questions about radiation.

It may be helpful to keep a diary of your side effects. Write down physical, thinking, and emotional changes. A written list will make it easier for you to remember your questions when you go to your appointments. It will also make it easier for you to work with your healthcare team to make a plan to manage your side effects.