Britain’s biggest cash revolution in decades, all yours for a fiver _ money _ the guardian

At midnight on Monday the first cash machines in England and Wales will be loaded with our new “polymer” plastic bank notes in the biggest cash revolution since decimalisation in 1971.

The Bank of England has ordered the printing of 440m of the shiny (some say slippery) £5 notes. Gas in oil pressure washer Armoured vehicles have collected much of the £2bn-plus worth of new money from the Bank’s cash centres in Debden, Essex, and Leeds, and ferried them to more than 30 high-security vaults across the country to begin distribution to the high street banks – and on Tuesday morning the public will have the first chance to handle and use them in person.

With the Queen on one side, Winston Churchill is the other face of the new fiver, which will be made out of a thin and flexible plastic material – including a see-through window – and will be 15% smaller than the current cotton-paper £5.

For now it’s just the fiver that is changing – plastic £10 and £20 notes will come later. Origin electricity login The new tenner, featuring Jane Austen, goes into circulation in summer next year, while the £20 note – by far the most commonly used – won’t be in our wallets until 2020. British gas jokes The Bank has yet to decide if £50 notes will be printed in polymer, raising suspicions that it would rather be rid of them altogether, given how much they are used for tax avoidance and the drug trade.

Scotland will have to wait a little longer for polymer notes to go into full circulation. Power vocabulary words Clydesdale Bank, which issued a limited edition polymer fiver last March, begins full production on 27 September, with Bank of Scotland and RBS following in October. Y gasset But sorry, Northern Ireland, there’s no cash revolution for you. 5 gases that come from car emissions Despite being the location of a commemorative plastic fiver in 2000, the Northern Irish issuers – Ulster Bank, Bank of Ireland, First Trust and Danske – have no plans to match the Bank of England’s move.

So what will happen to existing £5 notes in England and Wales? Will they remain legal tender? Should you keep one as an investment? Will they still work in a Tesco Express self-checkout? Or to buy a ticket at a train station? Why do we have to wait so long for plastic tenners and twenties? And why are we actually going through all this?

The brown-coloured 10 shilling note was one of the early casualties of decimalisation, withdrawn in 1970 and replaced by the 50p coin. Gas in back shoulder Today you can find them for sale on eBay for £2 (and plenty with no bids). Power definition physics electricity That suggests a return of just 3% a year over the past 46 years, or rather less than inflation. Electricity test physics In 1970, a 10 shilling note would have got you two pints in a pub, with a shilling or two to spare. Electricity in india voltage So the fact they are worth only two pounds today suggests that holding on to them was not the brightest bit of financial speculation.

It will probably be the case with the existing £5 note, of which there are 329m currently in circulation. Gas near me now Keep as a memento, not as an investment.

They all say they are. Gas pump emoji We rang Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Asda, and they were adamant that the polymer fivers will be accepted in self-checkout machines. Gas in oil tank Transport for London says it has recalibrated all its machines to ensure that you can pay with the new note. Npower electricity meter reading One small problem has been that the first notes issued to the industry by the Bank of England are slightly different to the mass print-run that have been given to the machine operators more recently. Electricity per kwh calculator In recent tests the latest notes slip a bit more in the machine rollers than the earlier ones, although we’re told this problem has been corrected.

They undoubtedly have a more slippery, but also cleaner, feel. K electric share price forecast Somewhat conversely, they also stick together more easily than the old paper notes, but don’t worry about handing over a fiver and realising later that there were two or three stuck together – the Bank of England says stickiness is only a problem when very large numbers of brand new fivers are stacked together, which could be an issue for banks, but not for mere mortals.

A forgotten note left in a pocket and ironed will distort and shrink in size. Power outage houston zip code The Bank of England reckons that polymer notes have better durability and resistance than paper notes in all areas except the ironing test. Electricity origin “We are aware that polymer banknotes begin to shrink and melt at temperatures above 120C, so they can be damaged by an iron,” it said in 2013 following early testing of the notes.

But today Victoria Cleland is very proud of her new notes. Electricity in water She says: “The new fiver marks a great step forward in Bank of England banknotes. Electricity word search Our new polymer notes are cleaner, safer and stronger – and should reduce the number of tatty fivers in wallets. Electricity experiments for preschoolers We are all very excited to see them enter circulation.”

It’s partly because the notes are reducing in size. Electricity and magnetism review The new polymer tenner, when it comes out next year, will be similar in size to the current paper fiver, so shoppers could easily mix them up – and more importantly the blind and partially sighted will have problems identifying which is which.

It’s the “cleaner, safer, stronger” argument, plus the fact they are more difficult for counterfeiters to copy. Electricity bill nye They‑will also last around two and a half times longer than existing notes, saving the Bank rather a lot of money – £100m in some estimates. O goshi And to anyone who thinks this is a mad, untested idea, go to Australia. Electricity outage houston They have successfully used polymer notes for two decades now.

It’s not just new bank notes that consumers are going to have to grow used to – a 12-sided £1 coin is set to enter circulation in March 2017, and if you were around in the 1960s it will instantly remind you of the old threepenny bit.

Back in 2014 the government announced in the budget its intention to introduce a “highly secure” £1 coin after admitting the existing ones were relatively easy to fake, with as many as 3% in circulation counterfeit.

The Royal Mint says that while the outgoing design has been “wonderfully robust” – many dating back to 1983 are still in use – there are around 45m fakes in circulation with 2m spotted and taken out of circulation every year. Gas vs electric stove If you spot a fake, you are supposed to hand it in at a police station, assuming you can find one that is open.

Last December the last of the present £1 coins rolled off the Royal Mint’s presses in Llantrisant, South Wales, and was promptly sent to the Mint’s museum. Gas news today A total of 2.2bn £1 coins were manufactured, and 1.5bn will remain in circulation until they are phased out over a six-month period.

The replacement coins, which have already gone into production, are based on a design by the then 15-year-old Walsall schoolboy David Pearce, who won a national competition.

The coins, which incorporate emblems from all four of the UK’s home nations, will be harder to fake, weigh slightly less than the current ones, and have a fractionally larger diameter while being slightly thinner.

The olders generation will be struck by their similarity to the 12-sided 3d piece that disappeared with decimalisation in 1971. C gastritis der antrumschleimhaut They also remind some of the two franc piece that went when France introduced the Euro.

After their introduction in March 2017, the Royal Mint says the current £1 coins will be continue to be legal tender in tandem, but only until September. Static electricity review worksheet It will be up to the Treasury to decide whether any £1 coins found after that period can be exchanged at banks in the same way that bank notes can.

Consumers can expect a big publicity campaign to get them to empty piggy banks, and to dig out coins from down the sofa while they can still be spent, says a Mint spokeswoman.

The Mint says it has been engaging with equipment manufacturers, and has provided them with sample new coins so that upgrades will be ready in time.

Jonathan Hart, chief executive of the Automatic Vending Association, told Guardian Money this week that in 40% of vending machines the coin mechanism will have to removed and sent away to be upgraded.

For the rest, an engineer will be able to make the change on site by altering the settings. Gas stations in texas The machines will accept both coins during the six-month changeover period.