Buckingham palace renovation_ 9 things you may not know – macleans. ca

The Queen’s officials are nothing if not organized. Gas in oil So before announcing a massive 10-year, $700-million renovation to Buckingham Palace, they had a cornucopia of diagrams, photos and explanations of the intended work ready, so they could plaster the royal website and social media feeds with details.

Buckingham Palace’s reservicing will take 10 years and include an overhaul of essential systems such as the pipework https://t.co/I0cMyfMbX9 pic.twitter.com/mCst4KB6wn

They knew to expect push-back from those who see such a massive refurbishment as a waste of money. Electricity lessons for 5th grade Soon enough, Twitter was filled with such comments.

But what needs to be renovated? Why is it taking 10 years and who is paying for it? There are a multitude of questions, so here are nine, along with answers, regarding the Buckingham Palace re-do: Q: What’s the big deal about Buckingham Palace?

A: In a nut shell, this is a palace filled with royals, packed with staff and crammed with priceless treasures. For this, I’m creating bullet points from the handy-dandy Buckingham Palace Reservicing Programme Summary Report (You thought I was exaggerating the royal household’s preparations, didn’t you?):

• The Palace is where The Queen carries out Her official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties as Head of State of the United Kingdom and Head of the Commonwealth.

• The Palace hosts an estimated 90,000 people each year, who attend a range of events and functions, from small lunches to large Receptions. Mp electricity bill pay indore In addition, The Queen’s Garden Parties are held each summer at the Palace and are attended by approximately 40,000 members of the public. M gastrocnemius Over 30 Investitures are also held each year at the Palace, with each one being attended by approximately 350 people receiving honours including their families.

• The Palace houses part of the Royal Collection, which is one of the largest and most important art collections in the world, and one of the last great European royal art collections to remain intact. Gas block dimple jig Comprising more than a million objects, the Collection is a unique and invaluable record of the personal tastes of kings and queens over the past 500 years. Electricity in costa rica The Royal Collection is priceless and is held in trust by The Queen as Sovereign for Her successors and the Nation.

• During the summer opening of Buckingham Palace, the public are able to visit the State Rooms to see the Royal Collection and special exhibitions. Gasco abu dhabi contact Over half a million visitors visit the Palace during its summer opening.

• It is also the official residence for The Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, and other Members of the Royal Family, including The Princess Royal, The Duke of York and The Earl and Countess of Wessex.

• Buckingham Palace is one of the few Head of State residences around the world which is also regularly used as residential accommodation for visiting Heads of State on official UK tours, providing international delegations with an appropriately prestigious welcome.

• The Palace also provides the Royal Household with a wide range of facilities necessary to deliver the day-to-day operations in support of The Queen, with significant office accommodation for the approximately 300 office-based staff employed by the Royal Household, including key worker residential accommodation for those staff who require accommodation for the effective performance of their duties

A: It’s one of those places that looks good in the brochure, but don’t look too closely in the basement. Inert gas definition chemistry The ornately gilded surfaces of the palace are in decent shape, but the utilities hidden behind walls, and under the floors, are an outdated, dangerous nightmare. Gas in babies home remedies In the last few years, experts have been poring over the building, peering behind walls, and totting up the problems.

“As the Palace’s electrical cabling, plumbing and heating have not been updated since the 1950s, in the aftermath of the Second World War, the building’s infrastructure is now in urgent need of an overhaul to avoid the very real danger of catastrophic failure leading to fire or flood, and incalculable damage to the building and priceless works of art in the Royal Collection.”

The technical assessments established that there are a series of very old (over 60 years), fragile systems with a high risk of failure that need to be replaced as a matter of urgency over the next two years (2017-19). Electricity magnetism These include Vulcanised India Rubber electrical cabling, electrical panels, distribution boards, generators, boilers, drainage pipework and data systems. Gas bijoux discount code Not carrying out these works would come with significant risks, including:

• Fire. Electricity production by state A significant proportion of the wiring within the Palace is in a high risk category and needs immediate attention to reduce the very real risk of fire and failure. Electricity distribution companies Some of the electrical (wired) systems are over 60 years old.

• Declining resilience and operational failure. Gas quality comparison The majority of the Mechanical & Electrical (M&E) services and systems are over 40 years old (some are over 60 years old) and are degrading, thereby creating a number of significant risks for the Palace. La gasolina lyrics translation Total failure is an ever-increasing risk.

• Degrading occupational environment. 9gag instagram videos The Palace’s boilers are over 33 years old, and spare parts for them are difficult to source. Gastric sleeve scars This will continue to compromise the ability to provide acceptable living conditions, maintain the desired temperatures to preserve the works of art in the Royal Collection which are on display within the Palace, to provide compliant office working conditions for Royal Household employees and achieve energy efficiency.

• Damage to building fabric. Electricity research centre The Palace’s above ground drainage system consists of a mixture of lead and cast iron pipework. Gas oil ratio formula Failures due to sagging have been identified in the lead drainage pipework and joints. Gas station car wash The potential for damage to the building fabric is high, particularly in areas where the lead pipework is buried in walls and floors.

(Hint: When reports use words like “danger,” “catastrophic failure” and “incalculable damage,” it’s fair to say that the writers want the work to start tomorrow, if not today.) Q: What exactly will the “Reservicing programme” do?

The Crown Estate is a vast property portfolio tracing back to the Conquest in 1066. Basic electricity quizlet It is “owned by the Monarch in right of the Crown. Arkansas gas association This means that the Queen owns it by virtue of holding the position of reigning Monarch, for as long as she is on the throne, as will her successor,” says the Crown Estate’s website. Electricity notes for class 10 It owns Regent Street in London and other prestigious parts of Britain.

As the Crown Estate says, “Since 1760, the net income of The Crown Estate has been surrendered to the Exchequer by the Monarch under successive Civil List Acts, passed at the beginning of each reign.” In other words, the monarch gets stable annual funding, the government gets the rest of the profits. Gas x side effects That was once a good deal for all, but slowly, as the Crown Estate’s holdings increased in value, the balance shifted until now, the government takes the lion’s share.

(Notice there’s nothing about the Queen’s salary? That’s because she doesn’t have one. Electricity out in one room This funding is to pay for her staff, official expenses and palaces. Electricity word search answer key Furthermore, she pays for expenses of other royals out of her own personal wealth, while Prince Charles pays for his growing family from the ancient Duchy of Cornwall profits.)

Those separate pots of financing were restrictive. M power electricity Royal officials couldn’t shuffle savings from, say, royal travel, into the maintenance pot to pay for a new roof. Electricity formulas physics Also, every time the Queen needed to update the Civil List to stay on top of inflation, headlines would scream about how much money was going into her pocket. Electricity experiments elementary school So royal officials got really good at saving money everywhere they could, and spending as little as possible.

Don’t believe me? This is what the National Audit Office said: Between 1991-92 and 2011-12 the Household reduced net expenditure from the equivalent of £72.6 million to £32.9 million in real terms, a reduction of £39.7 million (55 per cent). Electricity journal As Figure 6 overleaf shows the most significant reduction in the Household’s net expenditure in this period occurred between 1991-92 and 2000-01, when spending reduced by £34 million in real terms.

That system of payments led to a growing backlog of issues. In 2009, a hunk of the facade of Buckingham Palace fell, nearly missing a police officer and Princess Anne’s car. Gas symptoms (Don’t think Buckingham Palace is alone: the British Parliament needs billions spent on it; the Canadian Parliament is in the midst of a retrofit so long, and so expensive, that it’s hard to remember exactly when it started.)

As every homeowner knowns, keeping up with regular maintenance is hard enough. Gas news of manipur And every now and again, maintenance isn’t enough: the place needs a full reno.

In 2011, the old financing system was consolidated by the Sovereign Grant Act into one pool of financing: “The act set the initial grant for 2012-13 at £31 million. Gas upper back pain For subsequent years the level of the grant has been based on a proportion of The Crown Estate’s net income, which initially has been set at ‘15% of the net income of The Crown Estate in the year two years prior to the funding year.’ ”

Remember that Sovereign Grant Review? Well, it’s an analysis of how well the Sovereign Grant is going. Gas chamber jokes It’s done by the royal trustees, who are, well, kinda important (the Prime Minister, the chancellor of the exchequer and the keeper of the Privy Purse).

The report states: “Since the introduction of the grant, the Royal Household has committed to allocate at least 50% of the annual increase in the grant to property maintenance in order to reduce the backlog in essential maintenance. Gas oil ratio calculator Despite this commitment being met, the latest Condition Assessment survey of the Occupied Royal Palaces Estate highlighted that 45% of the Estate was below target condition, which is an increase of 6% since the last survey at 31 March 2012 (39%).

“The works needed for the reservicing of Buckingham Palace have been considered as a separate, discrete element of the property maintenance 10 year plan due to the programme scope being substantially different to the other priorities for property maintenance investment in the period 2016-21.” Q: How much are all these repairs going to cost?

It’s going to cost around $700 million, tax included for a 10-year plan. Gas near me cheap “The estimated capital cost of £369m will be funded by a temporary uplift in the Sovereign Grant, from 15 per cent to 25 per cent of Crown Estate net income,” the press release states.

Historic renovations are expensive. Gas x while pregnant It’s a Grade I-listed property (the highest heritage grade), so contractors can’t just go down to Home Depot to pick up supplies. 5 gas laws Everything has to be approved and vetted. Electricity 101 youtube And it’s not like they can strip the rooms back to studs. Electricity trading Q: Why should taxpayers pay for it?

A: Are taxpayers actually paying for it? It’s a matter of interpretation, since the money comes from the Crown Estate through the government’s books and then back to the monarch. Gas prices in michigan What is certain is that $700 million isn’t going to the government.

For those asking why the Queen shouldn’t pay for it, the answer is simple: this isn’t the Queen’s personal palace. Eseva electricity bill payment She can’t rent out rooms, or sell off a Rembrandt or two to pay for the renovation. Electricity definition wikipedia She lives there as head of state. Gas efficient suv 2008 Her family lives there as members of the royal family. 8 gas laws It’s like asking a prime minister to pay to redo the plumbing at 10 Downing Street. La gastronomia Q: Does the Queen have to move out?

A: Nope. Gas yoga “The most critical work will begin in April 2017 and Her Majesty will remain in residence throughout,” the press release said. Electricity lab physics Also, she’s not always at her London residence. Victaulic t gasket She spends a lot of time at Windsor Castle, and her two private estates of Balmoral and Sandringham. Wb state electricity board bill pay Q: So what will the palace look like after all the work is done?

• Public access increases by over 115,000 visitors per annum by extending the summer opening by 15 days. Gas bubbler And they get a dedicated visitor entrance, thus ending those maddening security line-ups.