Burgas – wikipedia electricity distribution losses


It is widely considered, including by the city’s official website, that the name of the city is derived from the Latin word burgos as meaning a tower, after a local ancient Roman travel post, which used to be in the area of today’s Burgas Port. 15 centuries later, the settlement was mentioned by the Byzantine poet Manuel Phil as Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος), a word identical in meaning with the Greek word for tower. [3] [4] The name passed to Bulgarian through the Turkish Burgaz 5 gases in the atmosphere.

There are several alternative explanations for the name’s origin. By one of them, the city’s name comes from Gothic name baurgs as meaning signified consolidated walled villages. [5] According to Bulgarian prof. Kiril Vlahov, the name of the city comes from the Thracian word pyurg as meaning fortification of wooden electricity physics beams. It is also suggested that the name ultimately comes from the name of khan Burtaz (683-633 BC).

Burgas is situated at the westernmost point of the bay by the same name and in the eastern part of the Burgas Plain, in the east of the Upper Thracian Plain. Burgas is located some 389 kilometres (242 mi) from Sofia, 272 km (169 mi) from Plovdiv, and 335 km (208 mi) from Istanbul. To the west, south and north, the city is surrounded by the Burgas Lakes: Burgas, Atanasovsko and Mandrensko, which are home to several hundred bird species. Pan-European corridor 8 passes through the city, [6] the European routes E87 and E773, and the longest national rout I/6.

Burgas has a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen climate classification Cfa) but with continental influences. The summertime in Burgas lasts about five months from mid-May until late September. Average temperatures during high season is 24 °C. Summertime sea temperatures stay around 23 °C-24 °C at sunrise and go up to 29 °C-30 °C at dawn, averaging 26 °C. Winters are milder electricity labs for middle school compared with the inland part of the country, with average temperatures of 4 °C-5 °C and below 0 °C during the night. Snow is possible in December, January, February and rarely in March. Snow falls in winter only several times and can quickly melt. The highest temperature was recorded in August 2003, at 42.8 °C and the lowest at -17.8 °C in January, 1952.

Lake hp gas online booking hyderabad Burgas is Bulgaria’s largest lake and is in the middle of the city. It is important for migrating birds. Over 250 species of birds inhabit the lake area, 61 of which are endangered in Bulgaria and 9 globally, attracting keen birdwatchers from all over the world. The lakes are also home to important fish and invertebrates. In the site have been recorded several IUCN Red-Listed species of animals — 5 invertebrates, 4 fish, 4 amphibians, 3 reptiles, 5 birds and 3 mammals. Situated along the second largest migration path of birds in Europe, the Via Pontica, the site is an important stopover and staging site for a large number of water-birds, raptors and passerines. Yearly during migration and wintering more than 20,000 (up to 100,000) waterbirds congregate there. [8]

The Atanasovo Lake is one of two salt-water lakes in the Black Sea region and contains rare and representative examples of wetland habitats. It is a hot spot k electric share price forecast for biodiversity, with many Red-Listed species of plants and animals. It is a well-known bottleneck site for e payment electricity bill maharashtra migratory birds, with around 60,000 raptors and 240,000 storks, pelicans and cranes passing over the site and often landing in large numbers for staging. The highest numbers in Europe of migrating White Pelicans ( Pelecanus onocrotalus), Dalmatian Pelicans ( Pelecanus crispus), Marsh Harriers ( Circus aeruginosus) and Red-footed Falcons ( Falco vespertinus) have been recorded here. [8] Protected areas [ edit ]

Like many of the towns surrounding it, Burgas was conquered by the Ottomans with the rest of Bulgaria in the late 14th century, only to be returned to the Byzantine Empire during the Ottoman Interregnum and retained by the Byzantines until the fall of the Empire to the Ottomans in 1453. It was only in the 17th century that a settlement renamed to Ahelo-Pirgas grew in the modern area of the city. It was later renamed to Burgas again and had only about 3,000 inhabitants. In the early 19th century Burgas was depopulated after raids by kurzdhali bandits. By the mid-19th century it had recovered its economic prominence through the growth of craftsmanship and the export of grain. [11] The city was a small town in İslimye (Sliven) sanjak gas quality comparison in at first Rumelia Eyalet, after that in the Silistra Eyalet and Edirne Eyalet before the liberation in 1878.

In the 17th and 18th centuries Burgas became an important port for cereal and possesses its own grain measure, the Burgas-Kile. The town was the regional centre of trade gas stoichiometry lab and administrative centre of the Burgas Kaaza. [12] [13] [14] In 1865 the port of Burgas was after Trapezunt the second most important Ottoman port in the Black Sea. Burgas was at this time the major centre on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. [15] [16] After the liberation until 1945 [ edit ]

The opening of the railway line to Plovdiv on 27 May 1890 and the deep water port in 1903 were important stages of this boom and led to the rapid industrialization of the city. [19] [20] In the period after 151 factories were founded. Among them were the Sugar refinery founded gas in babies by Avram Chaliovski, the Great Bulgarian Mills of Ivan Chadzipetrov and the oil and soap factory Kambana. [17] In 1900 the mineral springs by the ancient Aquae Calidae were included in the urban area. In 1903, the new building of the Burgas Central railway station opened. [21] [22]

Founded in 1924 in Burgas Deweko (now HemusMark AD) was the first pencil factory in Southeastern Europe and became in 1937 official supplier to the Bulgarian Monarchy. [23] 1925 opened in Burgas a specialized high school for mechanics and technologies. The following year, a large covered market was opened. [17] Because of the cold wave in winter 1928/29 the Black Sea iced in late January and early February, so that the island of Sveta Anastasia could be reached electricity cost in california on foot. [24] 1934, Burgas already had 34,260 inhabitants.

During World War II on 9 September 1944 Red Army troops occupied the city and soon the whole country. [25] In the following People’s Courts, especially members of the wealthy families of the intelligentsia and members of the Bar Association were convicted. The two Chambers of the People’s Courts met in Burgas in the former building of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Burgas (now the seat of the Governor of the Province Burgas). [26]

After the Communists took power in 1945, the German and Italian School and the People’s University were closed [27] and over 160 factories and businesses (including the large companies e85 gas stations in houston Great Bulgarian Mills, Veriga, Plug, Dab, etc.), shops, baths and other private property were nationalized. The nationalization and inability to lead by the new rulers led the companies to the collapse of the food supply and the shortage of goods of daily life in the city. [26] The political repression against the population of Burgas gas block dimple jig continued for the next few years. Access to universities and other higher education in the Bulgarian capital was refused for the young people of Burgas and some of them were interned in prison and labor camps. [26]

On 18 July 2012 a terrorist attack was carried out by a suicide bomber [34] on a passenger bus transporting Israeli tourists at the Burgas Airport. The bus was carrying forty-two Israelis, mainly youths, from the airport to their hotels, after arriving on a flight from Tel Aviv. The explosion killed the Bulgarian bus driver and five Israelis. [35] Population [ edit ] Demographics [ edit ]

During the first decade after the liberation of Bulgaria, in the 1880s the population of Burgas numbered about 6,000 inhabitants. [36] Since then it started growing decade by decade, mostly because of the migrants from the rural areas electricity grounding works and the surrounding smaller towns, reaching its peak in the period 1988-1991 exceeding 200,000. [37] Burgas

Burgas is an important industrial centre. The most notable industrial enterprise is LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas – the largest oil refinery in South-eastern Europe and the largest manufacturing plant in the Balkans. The city, along with Sofia, is one of the key elements in supporting Bulgaria’s future European transport network (TEN-T) EU and Pan-European Transport Corridor 8, which includes construction of the railway and road infrastructure and the development of the Port of Burgas and Burgas Airport.

The university is accredited by the eur j gastroenterology hepatology impact factor National Evaluation and Accreditation Agency and is certified under the international quality standard ISO 9001:2008. BFU is a modern and innovative university, caring for its students and their professional realization, and which has significant academic achievements and an internationally recognized status.

BFU grade 6 science electricity test is a member of the European Universities Association (EUA). It has signed Agreements of Cooperation with 36 universities and organizations in Europe, America, Asia and Africa. It implements students and staff exchange programmes with 24 universities in Europe. It participates in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).

Burgas Free University is certified according to the quality standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). In 2005 BFU was certified under ISO 9001:2000 and in 2010 under ISO 9001:2008. All the university’s main activities have been certified, as well as its degree programmes: education of students in Bachelor, Master and PhD programmes, qualification, research and international relations activities.