Byd k9 – wikipedia gas vs electric stove top


The BYD K9 (sometimes just referred to as the BYD ebus or BYD electric bus) is a battery electric bus manufactured by the Chinese automaker BYD Auto, powered with its self-developed lithium iron phosphate battery, featuring the longest drive range of 250 km (155 miles) on one single charge under urban road conditions.

The first BYD battery electric bus was manufactured on September 30, 2010 in Changsha city of Hunan province. It followed models like F3DM, F6DM and e6. K9 has a 12-meter body length and 18-ton weight with one-step low-floor interior. It is reportedly priced at 2–3 million yuan (S$395,000 – S$592,600). [1] It has been running and/or tested in China, India, [2] Japan, [3] Hong Kong, U.S., Colombia, Chile, Spain, Netherlands, Denmark and Aruba. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] More than 200 K9s in service in Shenzhen had accumulated over 9,216,000 km (or 5,529,600 miles) by the end of August, 2012. [4] [9]

In both 2011 and 2012, BYD obtained orders from amounting to 1200+ units. [10] [11] [12] [13] The company extended its production base in Tianjin, China at the end of July, 2012 [14] and may plan to manufacture in Brazil [15] and Windsor, Canada. [16] BYD built and operates an electric bus factory in Lancaster, California, US. The new factory started production in October, 2013. [17] In December 2014, another manufacturing plant began operation in Dalian, Liaoning, China. [18]

The body comes silver, yellow or green (for different markets). In the silver version the front windscreen occupies two-thirds of the front of the bus for maximum visibility. [20] It includes adjustable leather seating for driver and red and black leather seats for passengers. [19] The battery packs are laid in the vehicle rear on both sides inside the two cabins. [23] Costs [ edit ]

At a press conference in Beijing on November 4, 2012, BYD announced "Zero vehicle purchase price, Zero costs, Zero emissions", to promote the sale of its e6 and K9. The initiative is supported financially by China Development Bank from a fund totalling over 30 Billion RMB ($4.6B USD), and allows buyers to finance 100% of the purchase price with no down payment, paying a lease rate that effectively costs less than regular monthly operational expenses. [26] [27]

The company explained the concept of "Zero Costs" by comparing difference between the five-year cost of running a conventional taxi in Shenzhen, as against its all-electric taxicab. It came to the conclusion that "if the car runs for 5 years, and the total saving over 5 years is deducted from the higher cost of the vehicle and the interest on multiple payments, it can save 326,400 RMB. [27] [28] [29] The company also claimed that if enough distance is covered, "the vehicle payment will be entirely offset". [27] BYD also promoted the "Zero Emission" feature of its renewable-energy vehicles by stating that "an e6 electric taxi saves 14,120 litres of fuel per year, with 32 tonnes fewer CO2 emissions", and "169 million litres of fuel could be saved with CO2 emissions reduced by 38.62 million tonnes per year" if all Chinese taxis were to be replaced with its electric vehicles. [28] [29] Global launch [ edit ] Worldwide [ edit ]

Hong Kong: In July, 2011, the BYD Hong Kong Research and Development Center opened with a group of six engineers, in cooperation with its existing development team. The Kowloon Motor Bus fleet reportedly ordered 10 buses from BYD. The first unit arrived in September 2012. The public transit service planned to test the units on three transmit lines. The Kowloon Motor Bus BYD bus was eventually returned to BYD. However, KMB ordered 10 BYD K9R with Gemilang body and delivered in 2017. Long Win Bus ordered 4 BYD K9R with Gemilang body and delivered in 2017. Citybus and NWFB ordered 5 BYD K9R Electric buses from BYD Auto of China. [50] [51]

• Malaysia: In February 2014, BYD won the bid to supply 15 buses to Rapid Bus, a Prasarana Malaysia subsidiary. Rapid Bus will be using the 15 electric buses as shuttle buses on Kuala Lumpur’s first BRT line on elevated guideway exclusively for electric buses namely BRT Sunway Line. [54] [55]

• Go-Ahead Singapore, under the Go-Ahead Group of the United Kingdom, together with Land Transport Authority delivered its first fully electric bus. It will undergo vigorous testing and be put to service for trial runs for six months. The bus made its first debut on 7 November 2016 on Service 17. [58] After that, it went on hiatus, before coming back on Service 119 on February.

• In August 2012, a contract for 700 electric bus delivery was completed between BYD and Israeli transit company Dan Bus. The first buses were expected to be deployed in 2012. Based on the market price of 2.1 million yuan (USD330,000), the contract is estimated to be worth 1.5 billion yuan (USD236.65 million). The contract was BYD’s largest order to date from a public transport operator outside of China. [10] [13]

BYD electric bus has been tested in European countries including Netherlands, Finland, Germany, Hungary and Spain and Denmark [4] [59] in cities such as Bremen and Bonn, Helsinki, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Madrid, Barcelona [60] and Warsaw. [61]

• Finland: on March 12, 2012, BYD and a Finland-based transportation company, Veolia Transport Finland Oy, reached an agreement for K9s for the Finnish capital city Helsinki. BYD’s K9 buses were to undergo a three-year performance test under Finland’s conditions of extreme cold. [62]

• Germany: BYD signed a letter of intent with Frankfurt, Germany to supply three K9s and two charging stations by the end of the first quarter of 2012. The buses were to serve as shuttles at Frankfurt Airport and along public transportation routes. [64]

• Netherlands: the island of Schiermonnikoog in the province of Friesland introduced six new, long-range, K9s in April 2013 after BYD scored the highest in meeting program goals and won an order for the six buses and a 15-year maintenance contract from a European open bid supported by four major bus manufacturers. [65] 35 BYD K9s are in service as airportbus between the terminal and B-gate’s at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport since 2015.. The busses are adapted for the airport use and charged via a solar powerstation at the airport. Several other public transport authorities throughout the Netherlands have BYD K9s on order.

• United Kingdom: In 2013 two units began operating on two central London routes; said to be the capital’s first fully electric buses. Transport for London planned to purchase six more BYD buses in 2014. [66] In July 2015, Go-Ahead London confirmed they would order 51 BYD electric buses with Alexander Dennis Enviro200 MMC bodywork. [67] In March 2016, the first of a fleet of 5 double decker electric buses was launched by Metroline with an extended range of 190 miles. [68] In 2016, Nottingham Community Transport received a batch for the park and ride services.