Chapter 14 – procedures – development guide dev gas in stomach

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The following list is a basic outline of the road design plan development process. The sequence is not intended to be a rigid format that must be adhered to, but instead, a guide that is flexible enough to apply to all projects. electricity bill cost per unit Small projects may not require all the steps, whereas, large projects may require additional meetings, reviews, etc. to properly develop a complete plan/proposal package with input from all the appropriate disciplines. Project Managers should consider value added versus resources expended when omitting, revising, or adding steps to the process.

Original program estimates are usually made by Region/TSC personnel during the "Call-For-Projects" stage. gastronomia y cia These early estimates are broken down by major work items, such as; grading, pavement and shoulders, safety items, utilities, drainage, and so forth. Program estimates should be as complete and accurate as possible using such data as type of project, length, historical data, special features, etc. The program estimate is used by the Bureau of Transportation Planning to budget money for the project.

AP Preconstruction is available for use by Region System Managers and Region/TSC Design Engineers when preparing cost estimates. These program estimates are sent to Lansing with the Call-For-Projects submittals. gas jeans usa When preparing these program estimates, only major pay item quantities would be estimated and inserted into the program under the proper code number. The resulting construction cost could then be adjusted to include miscellaneous unnamed pay items and for inflation. Use of AP Preconstruction would ensure that uniform and current unit prices would be used by all Region/TSCs for program cost estimates.

Program estimates should be reviewed by the Design Unit upon project assignment and during scope verification. This review should determine any obvious errors or omissions and/or if the estimate is reasonable. If the estimate is not reasonable, the Region/TSC or the author of the scope needs to obtain an approved cost increase or decrease, or re scope the project. power definition physics electricity This needs to be completed before beginning the design.

Preliminary estimates are made periodically throughout the design of the project to update the estimated cost. gaz 67 for sale Design revisions, changes in scope, and changes in project limits all can contribute to increases or decreases in the cost of the project. Changes in cost should be reviewed with the Region System Manager. If the change is sizable, a request to increase or decrease the programmed amount should be sent to the Bureau of Transportation Planning. electricity review worksheet answers Increases should be requested as early as possible to avoid a project delay. If the change to the original project budget varies more than ten percent, an approval to the Fiscal Year STIP may also be needed.

A Project Study Team is normally formed for all New Routes/Increased Capacity projects and comprises representatives of a number of divisions from various bureaus within MDOT, as well as the FHWA. The purpose of the team is to develop improvement alternatives for evaluation based on environmental, social, community and regional planning, engineering, traffic operations, safety, construction and right of way cost criteria. The goal of the Study Team is to reach a consensus, based on the evaluation of alternatives, on a recommended course of action for MDOT management approval. The recommendation must be consistent with MDOT strategies and goals.

The Study Team Chairperson is the Project Manager who is responsible for assembling the Project Study Team and who is usually from the Project Development Section of the Design Division. The Road Design Representative on the Study Team will normally be a Design Engineer-Road. wd gaster cosplay tutorial The assignment is made similar to that described in Section 14.06 (Project Assignment) of this chapter.

The Road Design Representative is assigned to a Project Study Team to provide practical design information during the Early Preliminary Engineering phase (EPE) when alternatives are developed and analyzed. The Road Design Representative on the Study Team will review all proposed alternatives and recommendations based on criteria of Design Standards and Guides, professional judgement, and construction procedures, and provide studies and cost estimates as may be required. As a Project Study Team member, the Road Design Representative fills an important role in the consensus building process. Such involvement and knowledge of a project’s development during the EPE phase can be an invaluable tool since often the Design Engineer-Road is assigned the project once the Preliminary Engineering phase (PE) is initiated.