China and uighurs cultural cleansing in name of counter-terrorism electricity bill

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While Beijing claims the region has been an “integral” province of China since the Han dynasty (206 BCE–24 CE), it often remained beyond Chinese control due to its geopolitical position as a “ Eurasian crossroad” abutting present-day Russia, Central Asia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan and the ethnocultural dominance of Turkic and Mongol peoples.

Since the People’s Liberation Army “peacefully liberated” the region in October 1949, the Chinese Communist Party has been consistently focused on overcoming the historical barriers to consolidated Chinese control: geographic remoteness from the center of Chinese power; economic underdevelopment; and ethnocultural dominance of non-Han ethnic groups.

This began immediately with Beijing releasing its first documentation in January 2002 of “over” 200 alleged “terrorist incidents” between 1990 and 2001 perpetrated by a previously unknown group, the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement.” While this group appears to have functioned in Afghanistan from 1998 to early 2000s, it was a small and marginal group that had little ability to strike Xinjiang.

A number of high-profile incidents in more recent years such as the October 2013 SUV attack in Tiananmen Square and the April 2014 Kunming railway station mass stabbing attack, and evidence of a Uighurs presence in Syria has reinforced the official narrative that China faces a genuine threat stemming from Xinjiang and embedded counter-terrorism as a national security priority. ‘Eradicating Tumors’

Much of this expenditure has been absorbed by the development of a pervasive, hi-tech “ surveillance state” in the region, including the use of facial recognition and iris scanners at check-points, train stations and gas stations, the collection of biometric data for passports, mandatory apps to cleanse smartphones of potentially subversive material, and the use of surveillance drones. gas problem in babies In recent years, China has ramped up its security presence in Xinjiang. thitima electricity sound effect Photo: Johannes Eisele, AFP

The latter of these is particularly revealing of the logic and intent of current Chinese policy. grade 9 current electricity test According to these regulations, “ extremification” refers to “speech and actions under the influence of extremism, that imbue radical religious ideology and reject and interfere with normal production and livelihood” and can include fifteen “primary expressions” of extremist thinking, including “wearing or compelling others to wear gowns with face coverings, or to bear symbols of extremification,” “spreading religious fanaticism through irregular beards or name selection,” and “failing to perform the legal formalities in marrying or divorcing by religious methods.”

…having gone through re-education and recovered from the ideological disease doesn’t mean that one is permanently cured. electricity symbols ks3 We can only say that they are physically healthy, and there is no sign that the disease may return. electricity electricity lyrics After recovering from an illness, if one doesn’t exercise to strengthen the body and the immune system against disease, it could return worse than before. So, after completing the re-education process in the hospital and returning home … they must remain vigilant, empower themselves with the correct knowledge, strengthen their ideological studies, and actively attend various public activities to bolster their immune system against the influence of religious extremism and violent terrorism, and safeguard themselves from being infected once again, to prevent later regrets.

More senior Chinese officials have also publicly defended and justified this approach. Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng, for instance, strenuously defended China’s approach in Xinjiang in his statement at the “periodic review” hearing of China’s human rights record before the United Nations Human Rights Council on 6 November. He pointedly dismissed international criticism of the “re-education” centers as “politically driven accusations from a few countries fraught with bias” before referring to detainees as “students” who attend the centers on a “voluntary” basis eager to learn how to “inoculate” themselves against “extremism.”