Chinese military aviation missiles i year 6 electricity assessment


A PL-10E AAM was on display in front of a PLAAF J-10B fighter at the 2016 Zhuhai Airshow. PL-10 (K/AKK-10?) is a new generation IIR-guided short-range missile in the same class of AIM-9X, ASRAAM, A-Darter, AAM-5 and IRIS-T. It features an IIR seeker (containing a 128×128 focal plane array), a laser proximity fuze and TVC, giving the missile a 90° off-boresight angle and a max load of 55 g . PL -10 possesses an excellent IRCCM capability against modern fighter a ircraft maneuvering at high- gs. It also has a "lock-after-launch" capability, which could extend its range to BVR. When coupled with HMD, the missile allows the pilot to engage a target over his shoulder without maneuvering the aircraft extensively. Similar to AAM-5 and IRIS-T, the latest design (circa 2013) features 4 enlarged tail stabiliz ing fins plus 4 narrow stabilizing strips attached to the mid-section of the missile body, which help maintain missile’s maneuverability at the terminal stage after the solid motor stops working. PL-10 ha s a length of 2.96m, diameter 0.16m, weight 105kg , max range 20 km. The development of PL-10 started in 2005 with a different tail stabilizing fin designand a test round was launched from the ground in November 2008. The development was thought to be a s uccess after the missile was test-fired from a CFTE J-11B in 2010 , and subsequently it entered the initial production in 2013. PL-10 is expected to be carried by J-10B/C, J-11B (the latest batch produced in 2017), J-11D and J-16 fighter bomber as well as internally by J-20 and FC-31 stealth fighters, replacing PL-8. A recent rumor (September 2015) claimed that a PL-10 was test-fired successfully from a J-10C. PL-10 was offered for export as PL-10E at the 2016 Zhuhai Airshow . It was rumored that the next generation of short-range IIR-guided missile (PL-16?) is already under development. – Last Updated 12/31/1 7

A PL-12 active radar homing AAM was being fired from a PLAN J-10A fighter. PL-12 (K/AKK-12?) was under development at LETRI/607 Institute since early 90s. The missile was expected to be in the same class as AIM-120A/B and its active seeker may have evolved from the earlier AMR-1 design (R-129? based on Russian 9B-1348 seeker & datalink for R-77). Its tailfins appear to have fin tips as well as the leading edges of the fin root cropped. These specially designed tailfins are believed to possess lower drag for greater speed and higher torque for better maneuverability. Two datalink antennas can be seen next to the nozzle for mid-course correction. Several dielectric strips are seen along the middle warhead section which house the radio proximity fuse. PL-12 completed its development test in December 2004 and was certified in 2005. Its export version is called SD-10 ( SD-10A as the improved version) and was first revealed to the public during the 2002 Zhuhai Airshow. Currently it is in the service with J-8F/DF , J-10/A/B/C , J-11B/BH , J-15 and S u-30MK2. In addition SD-10A i s being carried by JF-17 currently in service with PAF. Some specifications of SD-10: length 3,850mm, diameter 203mm, wing span 674mm, weight 180kg, max g-load 38g, max speed 4M, range 60-70km. Recently produced PL-12 was expected to feature an improved seeker with new digital processor and SINS. The improved PL-12 (PL-12A?) is thought to be comparable to American AIM-120C4. It was reported in November 2010 that PL-12 may feature an active/passive dual mode seeker in order to achieve greater ECCM capability and kill probability. Several improved versions were proposed by the 607 Institute, including PL-12B with improved guidance system, PL-12C with foldable tailfins for internal carriage by the 4th generation fighters (see PL-15) and PL-12D with a belly air inlet and a ramjet motor for long range attack similar to PL-21 (see below). During the 2012 Zhuhai Airshow a new anti-radiation air-to-ground variant was unveiled as LD-10 with a range of 60km, which could equip JF-17 as well. – Last Updated 3/ 7/18

Two Kh-31P ARMs were on display at a PLAAF airbase as part of the Su-30MKK’s weapon package. Up to 6 Kh-31Ps can be carried by an Su-30MKK as a Wild Weasel aircraft. It can also be carried by the naval Su-30MK2. This supersonic missile is distinguished by 4 ramjet engines attached to its body which give the missile a range of 70km and a speed of Mach 3. It features an L112E passive seeker (with three interchangeable modules to cover different frequency bands) and its weight is 600kg with a 87kg warhead. The domestic version of Kh-31P has been produced locally under a license as YJ-91 (KR-1/H/AKJ91?), which can be carried by JH-7A , J-10B, J-10C e ven the new FC-31and is compatible with the Chinese fire-control system. In addition, the anti-ship version ( Kh-31A) was also acquired and is being carried by the naval Su-30MK2 while its domestic counterpart ( YJ-91A ?) could be carried by the naval JH-7A, as well as the J-15 onboard aircraft carrier Liaoning. The introduction of Kh-31/YJ-91 ARM has enabled PLAAF to fly SEAD missions against enemy long-range SAM defences.

As part of the Su-30MKK’s weapon package, R-77 /AA-12/RVV-AE active radar homing AAM has provided PLAAF for the first time with a real match to the AIM-120/MICA/TC-2 in service with Taiwanese AF. Its significance also lies with the development of new tactics and doctrines to allow PLAAF to engage enemy aircraft in a purely BVR and multi-target fashion, even though these tactics and doctrines took a few more years to mature. R-77 is distinguished by its four unconventional grid fins on its tail which give the missile a n ex celle nt agility. R-77 can also be carried by the upgraded Su-27UBK , J-11A as well as Navy’s Su-30MK2 . Some of R-77’s technology was believed to have been adopted by the indigenous PL-12 (see above) , which c ould eventually replace R-77. At least 400 R-77 have been ordered from Russia since the 2000s. Some specifications: length 3.6m, diameter 0.2m, weight 175kg, range 80/0.3km, max load 35 g . With the delivery of Su-35S in 2017, PLAAF is believed to have acquired a new batch of R-77-1 (RVV-SD) AAMs, which is heavier (190kg) and longer (3.71m), and has a longer range (110km) than R-77. However it is still thought to be inferior to the latest Chinese design (PL-15). – Last Updated 1/30/18