Clarified with facts presented grant county commission hears presentation on agriculture economics in meeting on nov 13, 2018 j gastroenterology impact factor

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"I’m here to talk about the wildlife services contract you approved in July," Griffin, a county resident, said. "We’ve come a long way. Congratulations to the commissioners on getting a report on wildlife services. gas variables pogil answers extension questions It’s no longer a blank check, but the report raised more questions. It needs to be more specific. Coming from a former employer trying to make a profit, I am asking if the wildlife person, Brandon Jones, is an employee or a contractor. I don’t know the answer. Does he have an office, a vehicle, a phone?"

He pointed out that on the second page of the report it didn’t show where the work task responses were and who and where the cooperators were. "There were 46 work task responses. It cost $446.52 per squirrel. Were they trapped, shot or poisoned or were non-lethal means used? In July, commissioners voted on and approved that the methods used would be in the report. If he worked 2,000 hours in the year, that’s $41 an hour. Does he work for other counties? How many hours did he work? I would appreciate the answers at the next meeting."

The next agenda item addressed was a presentation regarding the value of agriculture economics in Grant County. Presenting were Dusty Hunt of the Grant Soil and Water Conservation District and New Mexico University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences member Nick Ashcroft. Also answering questions was Marshal Wilson of the New Mexico Department of Agriculture.

"I wanted to do a simple explanation of the economics of agriculture," Ashcroft said. "These statistics are from an IMPLAN model, which originated with the Forest Service as an economic model, but since has become private. The model is used to look at the full economic impacts of a change in the economy. We have all the federal reports and we look at the total impacts. We have it for every industry in Grant County. gas and sand This is your economy. These are the best numbers we can put together. Every part is important because it is all interlinked."

He said base industries were determined by dividing the total employment by the number of employees in each industry. "We look at base industries as ones that promote local economic growth. Industries that export bring in new dollars to the community. The base industries in Grant County are mining, agriculture, retail, accommodations and food service, and state government. Mining exports 97.5 percent of what it produces at $732 million. Agriculture exports $22 million; retail $11 million and accommodations and food services, $8 million. State government exports zero dollars."

He also talked about multipliers for each of the base industries in the county. "For every dollar produced in the community, a portion remains in the county. Mining has a multiplier of 1.2, which means $.20 stays in the community, but the sheer numbers make it an important base industry. gas tax by state The multiplier for agriculture is 1.7. Because state government provides no exports, I blanked it out. Government is external to the economy. The multiplier creates supply and demand. If you pull labor out, the base industries provide the cost of living, which supports local businesses and disposable income. Most of the cost of living goes to local entities. If you shrink the base industries, you will lose their support industries and some labor will be lost. You will have less of everything. electricity facts Every industry is important to the economy. If you weaken the base you destabilize the whole pyramid. It’s why I used the pyramid shape, because everything supports the others. If you expand and grow the base, industries increase, and you support them and grow labor. electricity physics Each industry has expenditures. For ranching, it’s feed for the cattle, fuel, oil, labor, renting land, grazing fees, utilities and more. A lot of industries are connected to the base industries."

Another explanation of a multiplier, Ashcroft said, is adding together the parts of the dollar that are spent locally and remain in the state. "If you spend $1 on gas, $.60 is going out, but 40 cents stays in the economy, paying labor, then 20 cents may stay and 20 cents may leave." He said before a dollar is totally expended it may change hands six times until it reaches the final turnover and leaves the community.

Wilson of the NMDA said he is a natural resource and policy analyst for the agency. "I feel agriculture plays a vital role in sustainable natural resources. Ranchers take the forest and turn the grazing land into a taxable asset. The assets, the cattle, eat the fine fuels, which provides fire protection. The livestock industry is a heavy asset business. The average taxable asset base is a little over $1 million. For every $1 in taxes collected on agriculture produced land, farmers and ranchers receive about 37 cents of it back in infrastructure and services. specjalizacja z gastroenterologii Contrast that to an urban resident who receives about $1.19 back for every dollar sent out. We are in support of the agricultural industries and their natural resource management." He said the statistics came from the American Farmland Trust.

"While it is true that an acre of land with a new house generates more total revenue than an acre of hay or corn, this tells us little about a community’s bottom line. In areas where agriculture or forestry are major industries, it is especially important to consider the real property tax contribution of privately owned working lands. Working and other open lands may generate less revenue than residential, commercial or industrial properties, but they require little public infrastructure and few services.

" COCS studies conducted over the last 20 years show working lands generate more public revenues than they receive back in public services. Their impact on community coffers is similar to that of other commercial and industrial land uses. On average, because residential land uses do not cover their costs, they must be subsidized by other community land uses. Converting agricultural land to residential land use should not be seen as a way to balance local budgets.

"The findings of COCS studies are consistent with those of conventional fiscal impact analyses, which document the high cost of residential development and recommend commercial and industrial development to help balance local budgets. What is unique about COCS studies is that they show that agricultural land is similar to other commercial and industrial uses. static electricity review worksheet In every community studied, farmland has generated a fiscal surplus to help offset the shortfall created by residential demand for public services. This is true even when the land is assessed at its current, agricultural use. However as more communities invest in agriculture this tendency may change. For example, if a community establishes a purchase of agricultural conservation easement program, working and open lands may generate a net negative.

"Communities need reliable information to help them see the full picture of their land uses. COCS studies are an inexpensive way to evaluate the net contribution of working and open lands. They can help local leaders discard the notion that natural resources must be converted to other uses to ensure fiscal stability. They also dispel the myths that residential development leads to lower taxes, that differential assessment programs give landowners an “unfair” tax break and that farmland is an interim land use just waiting around for development.

" One type of land use is not intrinsically better than another, and COCS studies are not meant to judge the overall public good or long-term merits of any land use or taxing structure. It is up to communities to balance goals such as maintaining affordable housing, creating jobs and conserving land. With good planning, these goals can complement rather than compete with each other. COCS studies give communities another tool to make decisions about their futures."]