Climate change wallops alabama, but the state climatologist is a climate skeptic _ takepart

Mitch Reid often takes his kids down to explore the creek behind his house in Hoover, Alabama, but this month, the stream ran dry. Gas laws worksheet chapter 5 answers There’s no water to splash in—just dry rocks and thousands of dead fish, mussels, and snails.

It’s a strange scene in Alabama. Gas in oil causes The state averages 56 inches of rainfall a year, but a record-breaking drought has left Alabama abnormally dry. Electricity projects in pakistan As of last week, 98 percent of the state is suffering from low rainfall, with the southwest region experiencing “moderate” drought conditions and more than a quarter of the northeast section in “extreme” or “exceptional” drought—the U.S. Gas constant in kj Drought Monitor’s highest classification.

“We’re going on 30-plus days with no measureable rain in the Birmingham area,” said Reid, who is the program director at nonprofit group Alabama Rivers Alliance. 5 gases “We’ve got 15 streams recording record low flows, and we’ve got no indication that things are going to turn around anytime soon.”

In Jackson County, the drought is taking its toll on farmers. Electricity through wood Themika Sims, county coordinator of the Alabama Cooperative Extension System, said the rain deficit has killed grass, forcing ranchers to start feeding hay to cattle six months earlier than normal. Electricity sound effect Row crops aren’t faring much better.

“Corn is pretty much a complete loss this year in the county,” Sims said, adding that soybeans and cotton crops are expected to yield about a third of their averages for the region. Gas bloating pain “We just visited a farm last week, owner was 85 years old, and he said it was the worst he’d ever seen it—it’s definitely the worst I’ve seen in my 25 years on the job.”

“Looking nationwide, the area where the impacts of La Niña are going to be most predictable are in the Southeast,” said Mike Halpert, deputy director of NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center. Gas hydrates “If I was going to pick one area that was going to be dry this winter, I’d pick the Southeast.”

That’s bad news. R gas constant kj Alabama broke heat records as recently as last week, with several cities staying above 90 degrees Fahrenheit in mid-October. Electricity clipart Birmingham set a record on Oct. Ortega y gasset la rebelion de las masas 19 for the latest 90-degree day of the year. Gasbuddy map Since Oct. Electricity facts label 1, more than 1,000 wildfires have broken out, destroying more than 12,000 acres of forest and leading city officials to issue burn bans in 46 of the state’s 67 counties.

“It’s impossible to try and link one single weather event to climate change,” Reid said, “but when you see heat records being broken, a record number of days without rain, record low flows in rivers, and sea levels undoubtedly rising, you have to at some time acknowledge the stress these events are having on our water systems.”

Alabama’s 130,000 miles of rivers and streams are considered the world’s most biologically diverse habitats for freshwater mussels, fish, snails, turtles, and crayfish. Gas vs electric heat Fourteen percent of all freshwater runs in the nation flow into Mobile Bay Estuary—a region dubbed “America’s Amazon.”

But rising sea levels are threatening that ecosystem as saltwater from the Gulf of Mexico creeps farther into the estuary, upsetting the brackish balance that oysters and certain species of shrimp and fish rely on to survive. 76 gas credit card login Salinity levels could continue to rise if droughts reduce freshwater flows, Reid said.

“These rivers make Alabama one of the most biodiverse places on Earth,” Reid said. Kite electricity generation “But statewide, there’s no management plan on how best to conserve, monitor, or regulate water use, so every time there’s a drought, it’s a crisis.”

Computer models used in the federal government’s 2014 National Climate Assessment found that the Southeast is exceptionally vulnerable to “sea level rise, extreme heat events, hurricanes, and decreased water availability.”

NOAA’s climate prediction models only forecast one to two seasons out, Halpert noted, but climate change could increase the likelihood of droughts and also produce shorter, heavier downpours when it does rain.

“With the models we have today, it’s still hard to pin down how climate change is going to impact each state,” Halpert said. Electricity in water experiment “In an ideal situation, states could account for all potential impacts of climate change, but it can be a ‘prepare for the worst and hope for the best’ attitude.”

In a 2012 report, the Environmental Law Institute gave Alabama a D grade after assessing its water efficiency and conservation policies, finding the state lacked in comprehensive water management and drought response planning.

In September, the National River Network compiled a report on Southeastern river flows, finding that Alabama lacked policies for implementing river flow protections and had no statewide drought plan, no established water budget, no surface water or groundwater tracking, monitoring, or permitting, and no statewide water conservation policies.

“We can’t account for who is using how much water, because we don’t have the monitoring policies in place,” Reid said. Gas pain in chest “So the state can’t manage how much water is going to irrigation, because we don’t have the tools in place.”

Alabama’s Office of Water Resources can declare a drought emergency, as it did in October. Hp gas online payment But it can’t impose restrictions or fines for overwatering, as has proved effective in California. Grade 6 electricity unit plan Instead, the agency “strongly urges” local public utilities to implement drought management plans.

So how can a state be so far behind on drought management plans when Alabama’s climate is expected to see more extreme and longer-lasting droughts?

Christy’s job is to disseminate weather and climate information to the public, advise state policy makers on weather-related issues, and develop plans to mitigate the economic impacts of adverse weather. C gastronomie plateaux repas During testimony before Congress in 2012, he claimed that reducing greenhouse gas emissions was futile, as rising temperatures were due not to fossil fuel emissions but to increased development around thermometer stations that measure temperatures.

“Science is not really a factor here, sadly,” said Nelson Brooke of Birmingham-based Black Warrior Riverkeeper. F gas regulations r22 “It’s his job to get the word out on the patterns and future predictions on our climate, but as long as he’s in that position, that’s two steps backward in the scientific process.”

“Here in Alabama, we have soil that when the rain comes, it just drains right through it,” Christy said. Electricity and magnetism equations “If we didn’t, we’re so wet here typically that we’d just be a big lake.”

“They say we’re always 10 days away from drought here,” Christy said, “and many places have gone 30, 40 days without rain—that’s going to be a serious problem.”

As far as the record low river flows being registered by the U.S. K electric jobs test Geological Survey throughout the state, Christy said the change is not owing to the climate but to human demand.

He added that to better prepare for shortages, the state needs to ramp up water resources “economically and sustainably” through water storage, irrigation infrastructure, and water distribution.