Common electricity questions for the c-max energi c-maxchat gas exchange in the lungs takes place in the

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What’s the difference between a charger, charge station and EVSE? The Ford C-Max Energi uses a J1772 compatible charge station, also called an EVSE, which means “electric vehicle service equipment.” The electrical components involved in charging the Energi are located in the car and the charge station. grade 6 electricity test Although the electronics that convert the AC of the house to the DC used by the Energi is located in the vehicle, it is common to refer to the EVSE or charge station as the charger.

What’s the difference between Level 1 and Level 2 chargers? The Level 2 chargers are faster. There are two types of chargers for the C-Max Energi, AC Level 1 and 2 both with the same J1772 connector. A Level 1 charger is supplied with the C-Max Energi. A Level 2 charger can be purchased and installed in your home. Level 2 chargers are often available in public locations for free. A Level 2 charger will charge about three times faster for a C-Max Energi. According to various posts, the Level 2 chargers are somewhat more efficient, about 80% compared to 72% for the Ford Level 1 charger. [The SAE International charging configurations and ratings terminology sheet is here.]

I’ve tried faster J1772 Level 1 and Level 2 chargers, but the C-Max Energi doesn’t charge any faster. Why?Because charging equipment is inside and outside of the C-Max Energi. I haven’t been able to find specifications for the on-board charging regulator for the C-Max, but based on charging times of 7 hours at 120V and 2.5 hours at 240V, it appears as though the Energi is limited to 1.4 kW for Level 1 and 3.3 kW for Level 2 chargers. It won’t speed charging times for a Level 1 or Level 2 charger with faster kW specifications. Level 1 AC chargers use the standard AC 120V receptacle and can operate at 1.4 kW drawing up to 12 amps of current and 1.9 kW drawing up to 16 amps. Level 2 AC chargers use standard AC 240 V split phase and can operate at 3.3 kW, 7.2 kW and 19.2 kW drawing up to 80 amps for the 19.2 kW 2009 specification.

Are there public charging locations? What do they cost? There are more than 10,000 public charging locations in the U.S. gas oil ratio chainsaw About 85 percent of the public chargers are free. yoga gas relief pose There are different ways to find charger locations. (As of August 2013, free chargers are less common. In Utah, Walgreens has started charging $2.50 per hour, which would make the electricity more expensive than refueling with gasoline and less convenient.)

How much does it cost to drive with electricity rather than gasoline? It depends on your cost for electricity at home and how often you use free public chargers. Using 12 cents per kWh you can drive about 24 miles in the city for one dollar. Assuming you drive 20 city miles each day on electricity and you pay 12 cents per kWh, your annual cost for electricity will be about $410. According to the EPA, the C-Max Energi has ratings of 108 MPGe city, 92 MPGe highway, and 100 MPGe combined. The EPA uses 33.7 kWh per gallon-equivalent to calculate the MPGe. k electric share price The corresponding miles per kWh would be 3.20 city, 2.73 highway, and 2.97 miles/kWh combined. The cost of a kWh is typically 12 cents. Assuming 72 percent efficiency when charging, for one dollar a C-Max Energi could be driven 19.2 miles city, 16.4 miles highway, and 17.8 miles combined. [The calculation is ((108/33.7)/.12)*.72 for the city.] As with gasoline, how you drive will affect your cost. The EPA states the 2012 Nissan Leaf gets miles per kWh of 3.15 city, 2.73 highway, and 2.94 combined. My personal experience with a Nissan Leaf is better. My average is 4.1 miles per kWh after driving more than 8,000 miles in a Nissan Leaf.

What does it cost to upgrade to a Level 2 charger in my garage? The cost depends on the charger you select and the cost of installation. done with electricity tattoo book Installation costs vary from a couple hundred dollars to thousands of dollars, depending on your home. Although any J1772 charge station will charge the current C-Max Energi at its fastest possible rate, it may make sense to install a 30 amp charger to support future vehicles. The increased cost is not that significant. It is also important to make sure that the cord is sufficiently long to satisfy current and future vehicles. There are a few good choices. ClipperCreek now has the HCS-40. This 30 amp EVSE with a 25 ft cord sells for $590. mp electricity bill payment online bhopal Bosch has the 30 amp PowerMax EVSE with an 18 ft cord priced at $593. Another good alternative is the Schneider Electric EV Link 30 amp at Home Depot for $599 with an 18 ft cord. If you decide to install a 240V Level 2 charger, it makes sense to have an electrician install a 240V outlet in the garage on a dedicated line. That makes it possible to move the charger to another location. The tax credit for installing a charge station expired on December 31, 2013.

Are there two batteries for the Ford C-Max Energi, for “hybrid” and “plug-in” operation? No. However, from the user perspective there appears to be two. The software for the drivetrain divides the battery into a 1.1 kWh “hybrid” battery and a 6.5 kWh “plug-in” battery according to an article in Automotive Engineering Online. f gas certification logo As far as I can tell, Ford never charges the battery to 100% or discharges it to 0% to prolong battery life. A full charge of the Energi adds about 5.5 kWh of charge to the battery and requires about 8 kWh from the wall (electric meter). When the potential energy is high (at the top of a hill, canyon or mountain) and a long descent is encountered, after the “hybrid” battery is fully charged the “plug-in” battery will start charging. As a test, I drove up American Fork Canyon until the “hybrid” and “plug-in” batteries were completely discharged and the ICE (internal combustion engine) started. I then turned around and descended to the starting point. The hybrid battery was fully charged and the “plug-in” battery had a 30% charge after returning to the start.

Stop inaccurately using the term “charger”. In almost every case where you use the word “charger”, you actually mean EVSE. In J1772 L1 and L2 AC charging, the charger is on-board the car. gas station in spanish See diagram at http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.php?p=262630#p262630 (ignore the DC quick charging part, that’s for the optional CHAdeMO port on the Leaf).

“Calling them the right thing is important because there can be serious confusion re: charge rate and hardware (e.g. if you buy and install the wrong EVSE, wasting money OR you wanted a higher charging rate and got a lower max input/output OBC, which can’t be upgraded or bought the wrong EV/PHEV). There are a bunch of limiting factors to charge rate like max output of EVSE, line voltage, max output and input of the car’s on-board charger, etc.

The ’11 and ’12 Leaf only had a 3.3 kW on-board charger (same deal w/the current Volt and Spark EV), while cars in that era of those Leafs like the Focus Electric and Fit EV had 6+ kW on-board chargers. The Rav4 EV has 10 kW OBC, like the Model S does standard. The Model S can be equipped with a 2nd 10 kW OBC (look under http://www.teslamotors.com/models/design under High Power Home Charging). Notice they refer to:

The Aerovironment EVSE (both Nissan branded and non) at http://www.pluginamerica.org/accessories/aerovironment-evse-rs which has been sold since the ’11 Leaf has a max output of 30 amps but a 3.3 kW OBC car will only pull 16 amps @ 240 volts, at max (if memory serves). A 6.x kW OBC car will pull somewhere between 25 and 30 amps at 240 volts.

The $450 Bosch unit cited at http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.php?f=26&t=12744 only has a 16 amp output at max for the cheapest version. This will make no difference for a 3.3 kW OBC car (e.g. Spark EV, Volt, Plug-in Prius (possibly only 2.x kW OBC), ’11 or ’12 Leaf, ’13 Leaf S w/o optional 6 kW OBC, etc.) but will if you have a higher wattage OBC.