Connecting people to the grid in india isn’t enough electricity load profile


We represent University of Houston students and faculty, appointed as UH Energy Fellows from across the energy-related colleges to ensure the subject is covered from a wide array of viewpoints as we seek to engage the electricity physics problems public, other thought leaders and policymakers in a national conversation about energy. The University offers expertise in a range of energy-related areas, including international natural resource law and development, research into the science, engineering, economics, logistics gas in back and stomach and policy surrounding hydraulic fracturing and unconventional resources, offshore drilling, alternative energy, sustainability and energy conservation. In addition, UH offers the nation’s first subsea engineering program, a minor in Energy and Sustainability and is a research powerhouse with two energy related federally funded national research centers – one researching high-temperature superconductivity and electric energy storage and one concerned with gas news the sustainable and safe development of energy resources in the Gulf of Mexico.

The United Nations has called for universal access to electricity by 2030 as part of its Sustainable Development Goals. India has been a leader in this effort, declaring in April 2018 that every electricity lab physics Indian village had been electrified and committing to ensuring every household was connected by March 2019. There is little doubt that, at least on paper, India will reach that goal. As famed management expert Peter Drucker pointed out, “What gets measured gets done.”

The corollary to Drucker’s famous quotation, however, is also true – what goes unmeasured is often left undone. Ensuring that the electricity being provided is of a high quality remains a critical challenge for the expansion of Indian infrastructure, without blackouts, brown-outs electricity production or other disruptions of service. India suffers from rampant electricity theft and heavily indebted electricity distribution companies (DISCOMs), and poor quality electricity has resulted in damaged equipment, losses of productivity and lower investment. Moreover, some gas utility worker recent studies have suggested that electrification will have little impact on household welfare if that access is poor quality.

In a study forthcoming in Energy Policy, Johannes Urpelainen (Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies), Aseem Mahajan (Harvard University) and I demonstrate that there is an additional cost to the lack of power quality – those electricity word search printable who observe low power quality are not willing to pay as much for electrical connections. Thus, poor quality may hinder efforts to expand access and make the DISCOMs solvent, since unelectrified households are less likely to purchase connections or will not electricity kwh be willing to pay as much for those connections.

While this link should seem intuitive, demonstrating it is not completely straightforward. The reason is that there is a selection problem – if people in areas with high quality access are willing to pay o goshi judo more, then they are more likely to have already purchased a connection. This means that, among our unelectrified households, differences in willingness to pay for electricity might be suppressed because those in higher quality areas have already purchased connections and are excluded from the sample. And indeed, when gas stations in texas we simply compare perceptions of quality to willingness to pay, we find little connection.

We address this issue by leveraging policymakers’ incentive to emphasize the quality of electricity to larger habitations (the equivalent of neighborhoods in India). Using this as an instrument, we are able to estimate the effect of selection in our results and estimate the impact of quality on willingness to pay. We find that quality of supply has a large impact on willingness to pay – increasing the amount respondents reported being willing to pay by 13% to 48%, depending on the measure of quality used. This translates into roughly 70 cents to $2.70 more dollars gas 37 weeks pregnant per household per month.

Our results should increase the focus on effectively measuring the quality electric utility companies in florida of access. This is somewhat more difficult than measuring access, since it can be more difficult to verify and there are limited incentives for both the government and electricity distribution companies to publicize the quality of access – electrifying a village produces immediate good press electricity 101 youtube, improving the reliability of that access does not produce the same headlines.

Some efforts at monitoring quality of access are beginning in India. A group out of the University of Michigan has been trying to develop a monitor of access quality using satellite night time imagery of lights. Prayas (Energy Group) has also sponsored an Electricity Supply Monitoring Initiative (ESMI), where they use electricity monitors on the ground to examine the quality of supply.

Ryan Kennedy is Associate Professor of Political Science gas 2 chainz at the University of Houston (UH). He is also the founding director of the Center for International and Comparative Studies (CICS) at UH. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from The Ohio State University in 2008. He was also a Visiting Scholar for a year at Northeastern University and electricity in india voltage Harvard University in Computational Social Science. Ryan is interested in issues of energy access, sustainability, technology, and governance. His previous work has been published in Science, the American Political Science Review and the Journal of Politics, among others. At UH, Ryan teaches classes on international energy politics, statistics, and democratization.