Curbing the marijuana industry’s voracious energy appetite _ alternet

Legalization of marijuana in the United States has spread rapidly over the last few years. Static electricity human body Half of the states have already legalized marijuana in some form. Gasco abu dhabi salary Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington and the District of Columbia have legalized it for recreational use. Electricity production in north korea And the Democratic Party platform committee recently voted 81 to 80 to amend the federal Controlled Substances Act to remove marijuana from the list of Schedule 1 drugs. Gas variables pogil answers extension questions The stated purpose of this proposed amendment is to “provid[e] a reasoned pathway for future legalization.”

States with some form of legalized marijuana have implemented stringent regulatory and licensing schemes with regard to the who, what, where and how of marijuana possession, cultivation, and distribution. V gas station But policymakers have failed to address an important area: the marijuana industry’s energy and climate impacts. 101 gas station Although marijuana is a plant, it is not a “green” product when grown indoors. Electricity quotes by benjamin franklin As more states – and, potentially, Congress – consider legalizing the marijuana industry, they should also adopt rules to make it more environmentally sustainable. Gas meter reading Edible marijuana products for sale in Glenwood Springs, Colorado. Gas 69 Kent Kanouse/Flickr, CC BY-NC Indoor marijuana farms are energy hogs

Indoor marijuana cultivation is one of the most energy-intensive industries in the United States, generating nearly US$6 billion in energy costs annually. Gaston y la agrupacion santa fe According to the Northwest Power and Conservation Council, which carries out energy planning for the Columbia River Basin states (Montana, Idaho, Washington and Oregon), growing marijuana indoors consumes up to 5,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity per kilogram of output. Gas in dogs stomach For comparison, aluminum production requires about 16 kilowatt-hours per kilogram.

Colorado’s experience demonstrates marijuana’s large energy footprint. Gas welder job description Since the state legalized recreational marijuana in 2014, the industry has expanded rapidly there. R gas constant In 2015 legal marijuana businesses in Colorado made nearly $1 billion in sales, up 42 percent from the previous year. Electricity recruitment 2015 And as marijuana businesses become more competitive and specialized, growers are moving their farms indoors to get a more controlled product.

Indoor cultivation requires electricity to power high-intensity lights, frequent air exchanges and ventilation, and to maintain consistent temperatures and humidity levels day and night. Gas stoichiometry As a result, the state now has numerous indoor warehouses that consume huge quantities of electricity.

Experts estimate that a 5,000-square-foot indoor marijuana facility in Colorado consumes six times more electricity per square foot than an average commercial business, and 49 times more than an average residence. Power in costa rica Last year Denver officials sought guidance from the Department of Energy on ways to curb the industry’s power requirements. Gas prices under a dollar Electricity use in Denver is rising by 1.2 percent yearly, and marijuana farms account for nearly half of the increase.

Colorado has set a goal of generating 30 percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Gas after eating fruit Currently, however, only 18 percent of its electricity comes from renewable sources. Gas density formula The rest is generated from coal and natural gas. Z gas ensenada telefono Colorado Energy Office

On-site generation systems, such as rooftop solar arrays, and community-scale energy projects cannot produce enough electricity to meet marijuana growers’ energy needs. Electricity distribution vs transmission As a result, the marijuana industry is indirectly increasing Colorado’s reliance on fossil fuel.

Legalization provides some energy benefits. Quadcopter gas engine For example, it allows indoor cultivators to connect to existing electricity grids instead of relying on carbon-intensive gasoline and diesel generators. 4 other gases in the atmosphere However, these benefits are swamped by the industry’s fast-growing electricity requirements.

Experts estimate that nationwide, indoor marijuana cultivation accounts for nearly 15 million metric tons of carbon emissions annually – more than the annual energy-related emissions of South Dakota, Delaware, Rhode Island and Vermont, or the District of Columbia. Grade 6 electricity experiments Public utility commissioners across the nation are discussing strategies for managing power demand from indoor pot growers.

When states legalize marijuana cultivation, they establish detailed regulatory and licensing schemes governing who may sell, possess and cultivate the plant, where they may do so, and how much they must pay for licenses. Electricity notes class 10 pdf Policymakers should also seize this opportunity to enact rules governing the industry’s climate and energy impacts. Gas mask bong review California medical marijuana bottle. Gas variables pogil Scott Richard/Flickr, CC BY-ND

Since indoor growers consume such enormous amounts of electricity, policymakers should start by requiring indoor cultivators to consume only carbon-free energy sources or to pay a carbon fee until such measures can be implemented.

Boulder, Colorado is addressing this issue by implementing city and county licensing schemes that require indoor marijuana cultivators to use energy monitoring technology and routinely report their energy use. Electricity voltage in norway Growers must offset their energy use by utilizing 100 percent renewable energy, purchasing renewable energy credits, or paying a carbon fee. Maharashtra electricity e bill payment However, few other states or localities have followed Boulder’s lead.

Oregon has established a task force to study energy and water use for marijuana production. Gas vs electric dryer The group is scheduled to report its findings to the state legislature later this summer. Storing electricity in water Preliminary indications are that the task force will call on growers to follow energy best practices, but it is unclear whether it will recommend making this policy mandatory or merely a suggestion.

States that do not have enough renewable energy generation to meet the industry’s electricity demands, such as in Colorado, should take a two-pronged approach. M gasol nba First, they should require indoor growers to pay escalating carbon fees based on their electricity consumption. Arkansas gas tax These funds should be used to support development of more efficient technology and climate-friendly electricity facilities. Electricity voltage in india Growing marijuana in greenhouses is one strategy to reduce electricity use. Gas news www.shutterstock.com

Second, legislators should also require an exponential increase in the percentage of energy consumed by indoor growers from renewable energy sources via on site generation – such as rooftop solar – or community renewable energy facilities. Elektricity club This two-pronged approach would ensure growers do not become complacent just paying the fee.

The best time to address impacts of this magnitude is before they occur, not after a major industry is already established. Electricity electricity schoolhouse rock Marijuana production is rapidly developing into an extremely lucrative industry that can afford to manage its impacts on the environment.