Diet in hypothyroidism o gastronomo buffet

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With the Zone Diet, a person sets up their meals to contain 40 percent carbohydrates, 30 percent protein, and 30 percent fat. More specifically, a person consumes carbohydrates that have a low glycemic index, proteins that are lean, and unsaturated fats.

Bloating is a common symptom in people with an underactive thyroid gland. In fact, according to the American Thyroid Association, hypothyroidism can cause as much as five to 10 pounds of weight gain just from excess water alone. Some of that water weight gain can be in the face, causing puffiness around the eyes, as well as fluid retention and swelling in the hands, feet, and abdomen.

Considering what you eat is paramount to managing your bloating. Generally speaking, high-fiber foods may produce gas, which can worsen your bloating. Likewise, salty foods, such as hot dogs, pizza, bread, soups, and processed foods, can worsen fluid retention.

Another symptom of hypothyroidism that may be eased with diet is constipation. Unlike for bloating, consuming fiber, like beans, whole grains, and apples, can relieve constipation. Drinking lots of water is also good for maintaining a healthy bowel function.

Even so, in addition to dietary changes, some people with hypothyroidism and constipation need to take an over-the-counter laxative, like Milk of Magnesia or Miralax (polyethylene glycol). Be sure to speak with your doctor, though, before trying a laxative, especially if your constipation is worsening. You may need to have your thyroid function rechecked or have your doctor investigate other causes.

Some people with thyroid disease still note fatigue despite optimization of their thyroid hormone levels. After being evaluated by your doctor for other health conditions that may be causing or contributing to your fatigue (for example, anemia or depression), consider these fatigue-easing dietary tips:

Vitamin D is known as the "sunshine vitamin" because your body makes it when your skin is exposed to ultraviolet rays. Besides sunlight exposure, you can get vitamin D from certain foods, like oily fish, eggs, and fortified milk and cereals. While vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining strong bones, emerging research suggests it also plays a role in immune system health.

Research suggests that about one-third of people with Hashimoto’s disease are deficient in vitamin B12, which is a water-soluble vitamin obtained by eating fish, meat, dairy products, and fortified cereals. Vitamin B12 is critical for the production for the production of red blood cells and neurologic function.

Selenium is a mineral found in foods like Brazil nuts, tuna, lobster, halibut, and grass-fed beef. Early research suggests that selenium supplementation can improve the mood or well-being of those with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. So, along with getting your vitamin D and vitamin B12 levels checked, be sure to inquire about your selenium level. Timing Is Key

Taking your thyroid hormone replacement medication at least three to four hours before taking iron or calcium supplements and at least one hour apart from drinking coffee or taking fiber supplements is essential to preventing poor drug absorption.

Moreover, other prescription medications, vitamins, or over-the-counter drugs (besides fiber and calcium) may interfere with your thyroid medication absorption. Be sure to confirm the timing of your food and medication/supplement intake with your doctor or nutritionist.