Driving licence information gas in back and stomach

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Within the work that we carry out at Drivex for businesses and other organisations we are increasingly finding that there is a high degree of misunderstanding about driving licence entitlements and what vehicles can subsequently be driven. This misunderstanding ranges from slight confusion to complete ignorance and is not restricted to those outside the world of driver training!

The problem is that many drivers who passed their test since 1 January 1997 subsequently need to drive vehicles which fall into the additional categories. tropico 5 electricity This might be through a need in the workplace (e.g. breakdown recovery trucks, heavy plant trailers, delivery driving, ambulances) or a social pastime (e.g. lorry horseboxes, horsebox trailers, boat trailers, vehicle transporters, caravans). Many of these drivers are being advised by people who are unaware of the changes that occurred in driving licence entitlement, such as workplace managers or parents, and are consequently driving vehicles for which they don’t have a licence. static electricity images We can even give instances where police officers have given incorrect advice and issued penalties incorrectly!

An exemption from the driver licensing trailer limit allows a category B licence holder to tow a broken down vehicle from a position where it would otherwise cause danger or obstruction to other road users, to a point of safety. I.e. it does not permit the vehicle to be towed all the way to a garage or to home. gas and water company Again, category B+E would be required for this.

For those drivers who passed their category B+E Practical Test on or after 19th January 2013 there is an upper trailer weight limit of 3500kgs MAM. For those drivers who passed their B+E Practical Test prior to this date there is no defined trailer weight under category B+E except that which is governed by the towing capacity of the towing vehicle. electricity merit badge worksheet answers For all category B+E licence-holders there is a maximum trailer length of 7.0 metres and a maximum trailer width of 2.55 metres.

Drivers who passed their car test after 1 January 1997 will to have to pass further tests – Category C1 (theory and practical) followed by C1E practical. There is no subcategory C1E theory test. It is not possible to go directly from category B to category C1E. gas vs electric water heater Drivers who gain C1E in this manner can drive category C1 vehicles combined with a trailer over 750kgs MAM provided the combination does not exceed 12000kgs MAM and the laden weight of the trailer does not exceed the unladen weight of the towing vehicle.

However, because EC regulations limit drivers aged under 21 years to driving vehicles or combinations which weigh no more than 7500kgs MAM, drivers under the age of 21 are not allowed to drive subcategory C1E vehicles up to 12000kgs MAM. Drivers aged 18 to 21 are allowed to take a test for subcategory C1E, it just means that entitlement is limited to a combination weight of 7500kgs MAM until the driver reaches 21 years, at which time the balance of 12000kgs MAM entitlement automatically becomes effective.

Drivers who passed their car test before 1 January 1997 and wish to raise their combined vehicle and trailer MAM of 8250kgs to the full 12000kgs will have to meet the higher medical standards, obtain a Category C1E Provisional Licence and then pass both theory and practical C1+E driving tests (in this instance they do not have to take a C1 practical test beforehand).

Supervising drivers accompanying provisional C1E licence holders must themselves have passed a C1E or CE practical test and have held their full C1E or CE licence for at least 3 years. electricity bill cost In other words, a driver who holds category C1E only by virtue of ‘acquired rights’ can no longer act as a supervising driver; this rule changed in May 2010.

For those drivers who passed their car test before 1 January 1997 and wish to drive category D1E vehicles for hire or reward, then they will have to meet the higher medical standards, obtain a Category D1E Provisional Licence and then pass both theory and practical D1E driving tests (in this instance they do not have to take a D1 practical test beforehand).

This means that passing a test for subcategory C1E or D1E upgrades category B entitlement to BE. A test pass for subcategory C1E upgrades subcategory D1, if held, to D1E. electricity bill saudi electricity company But a test pass for subcategory D1E does not upgrade subcategory C1 to C1E because the trailer size required for a subcategory D1E test is smaller than that required for a subcategory C1E test.

Passing a test for category CE upgrades category B entitlement to BE and also confers entitlement to subcategory C1 and C1E and, if category D or subcategory D1 is held, these are upgraded to category DE or subcategory D1E. A test passed for category DE upgrades category B and subcategory D1 to category BE and subcategory D1E respectively. But it does not upgrade category C or subcategory C1 entitlements because the trailer size required for a category DE test is smaller than that required for a category CE or subcategory C1E test.

Vehicles used by agricultural, horticultural, forestry or fishery undertakings for carrying goods within a 50 kilometre radius of the place where the vehicle is normally based, including local administrative areas, the centres of which are situated within that radius. (In the case of fishery undertakings the exemption applies only to the movement of fish from landing to first processing on land and of live fish between fish farms)

Vehicles used by health authorities and NHS Trusts as ambulances or to carry staff, patients, medical supplies or equipment (this includes vehicles used by Strategic Health Authorities, NHS Trusts or Primary Care Trusts) Vehicles used by Local Authority social service departments to provide services for the elderly or physically or mentally handicapped

UK domestic rules apply to drivers of goods vehicles in the UK which are exempt from the EC rules. c gastritis der antrumschleimhaut But when travelling abroad in these vehicles, drivers must observe the national rules of the countries to be visited. The Embassies of these countries will be able to assist in establishing the rules that might apply. AETR rules apply to the whole of any journey if any part of it passes through an AETR country.

NB: For journeys to other European countries not subject to either the EC or AETR rules such as Iceland the EC or AETR rules apply as described above in the Community but whilst travelling through the country concerned the domestic rules of that country must be observed. The Embassies of the countries to be visited will be able to assist in establishing the rules that might apply.