Electricity production, consumption and market overview – statistics explained electricity distribution vs transmission


During the period covering 2006 to 2016, there was an overall reduction of 3.0 % in the level of EU-28 net electricity generation (see Figure 2). This pattern was repeated in 15 of the 28 EU Member States. The largest overall electricity in india voltage contractions were registered in Lithuania (-64.4 %), Malta (-62.2 %) and Luxembourg (-49.4 %), while there were also double-digit reductions in Denmark, Finland, the United Kingdom, Slovakia, Hungary and Greece. By contrast, among the 13 EU Member States where there was a higher level of electricity generation in 2016 (compared with 2006), double-digit increases were recorded in Latvia, Portugal, Estonia, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Slovenia.

It should be noted that changes in electricity generation do not directly reflect changes in electricity consumption as they are also affected by changes in the different energy products used for energy production and by changes in electricity imports and exports. For example, decommissioning Lithuania’s only nuclear power 3 gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect plant contributed to the big decrease in electricity generation in Lithuania and the big increase in Latvia which started to generate more electricity domestically to compensate for the amount of electricity previously imported from Lithuania electricity usage. Electricity production decreased due to the closure of an electricity plant in Malta and as a consequence imports from Italy increased. Luxembourg also increased its electricity imports.

Between 2015 and 2016, the largest annual increases in electricity generation were recorded for Belgium (22.0 %), Latvia (16.4 %), Portugal (15.5 %), Estonia (15.0 %) and Croatia (11.8 %). At the other end of the range, there were 9 EU Member States which reported a fall in their level of electricity generation in 2016, with the largest reductions in Malta (-35.0 %), Luxembourg (-20.6 %), Lithuania (-13.4 %) and Bulgaria (-7.8 %).

An analysis of developments between 2006 and 2016 reveals that among the 24 EU Member States for which data are available (no data for Bulgaria or the Netherlands; incomplete data for Luxembourg, Austria and the United Kingdom), the majority (17) saw a reduction in the market share of their leading electricity generator. The gas key staking most rapid developments were in Lithuania, Latvia, Greece and Czech Republic where the largest generator lost at least 20 % of its own market share. There were two Member States where there was no change in the market share of the largest generator (Cyprus and Malta), while the five Member States where the gas 85 octane share of the largest generator within the electricity generation market increased were Hungary , the United Kingdom (2005-2013), Germany, Slovenia, and Slovakia. Among three of these five Member States, the share of the largest generator was fairly stable during 2006-2016 (in Germany it was around 30 %, in Slovenia it was usually somewhat above 50 % and in Slovakia it was around 80 %), whereas in Hungary it rose from 41.7 % to 52.9 %. In the United Kingdom there was volatility due to mergers and demergers as reflected in the values of 15.3 % in 2008, 51.7 % in 2012 and 29.3 % in 2013.

Since July 2004, small business consumers in the EU have been free to switch their gas or electricity supplier, and in July 2007 this right electricity was invented was extended to all consumers. Independent national regulatory authorities have been established across the EU Member States to ensure that suppliers and network companies operate correctly. However, a number of shortcomings were identified in the opening-up of markets, and it was therefore decided to embark upon a third legislative package of measures with the aim of ensuring that 2 chainz smoking on that gas all users could take advantage of the benefits provided by a truly competitive energy market.

On 17 November 2010, the European Commission presented its Energy infrastructure priorities for 2020 and beyond — a blueprint for an integrated European energy network (COM(2010) 677 final), detailing priority corridors for the transport of electricity, gas and oil. This was given a legal basis in April 2013 through the European Parliament and Council npower electricity meter reading’s Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure. Based on this, in October 2013, the European Commission adopted a list of 248 key energy infrastructure projects referred to as projects of common interest (PCI). It is intended that these will benefit from faster and more efficient planning procedures and improved regulatory treatment, as well as possibly accessing financial gas nozzle keeps stopping support from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). The list is composed of projects that are deemed to have significant benefits for at least two EU Member States, contribute to market integration and further competition, enhance the security of supply, and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

The use of nuclear power for electricity generation received renewed attention amid concerns about an increasing dependency on imported primary energy, rising oil and gas prices, and commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These issues may be balanced against concerns over safety and waste from nuclear power plants, the safety issues being highlighted following the electricity outage compensation Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster that resulted from the Great East Japan (or Tōhoku) earthquake and subsequent tsunami in March 2011. While some EU Member States have continued with existing reactors or plans to construct new nuclear reactors others decided to review, and in some cases, changed policies for existing plants, as well as cancelling planned nuclear constructions. Following the gas 1940 accident in Fukushima, the legal and regulatory framework for the safety of nuclear installations established by Council Directive 2009/71 was reviewed. In July 2014, an amendment ( Council Directive 2014/87) was adopted. Among its many objectives the amendment: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; sets up an EU system of peer reviews for nuclear installations; aims to increase transparency on nuclear safety matters; lays down regular safety assessments of installations; and establishes new provisions for on-site emergency preparedness and response.