Eminent domain is becoming a crucial, controversial part of the gas pipeline boom _ wyso

Thus far, the region’s natural gas deposits have mostly fueled a boom in the drilling industry. Physical science electricity review worksheet But those same resources could also soon be feeding a spinoff industry in chemicals—like the ones used to make plastics—that are made from natural gas. Electricity projects ks2 Case in point: The 600 permanent jobs Shell says it will create when it opens its new “ethane cracker” in western Pennsylvania. Electricity experiments for 4th graders It will use super-high temperatures to turn ethane—a liquid natural gas product—into the building blocks of plastics. Bp gas card login And more of these facilities are in the works for this region.

That’s because ethane and other so-called “ natural gas liquids,” like propane and butane, are abundant in the region. Electricity wikipedia in hindi And because there’s already a demand for these fuels in places like Canada and Europe, companies are now scrambling to expand the network of pipelines that carry them for export.

Mick Luber has had a front row seat for this most recent phase the industry’s expansion. Gas 93 octane His small organic farm in the quiet hills of eastern Ohio has recently become a popular spot. Electricity flow direction The land where he grows things like tomatoes, greens and fava beans now sits next to a new compressor station and multiple well sites. Electricity billy elliot instrumental They’re so close, they often wake him up at night.

“For the first year that they were fracking, it was hard for me to go outside,” Luber says. Grade 6 electricity project “I felt so bad hearing the roar of all this stuff. Gas and sand It’s nice to have the cicadas that drown them out.”

And Luber expects what he’s seen so far may be just the beginning. Gas constant for helium Now, pipeline companies, like Kinder Morgan, have come knocking at his door, asking to build a line through the middle of his farm.

“They wanted to come right down through this main field and go up over the top of that hill,” Luber says. 3 gases in the air “There’s a spring right up there. Gas after eating pasta That’s the most fertile part of this farm.”

Surprisingly, the federal government doesn’t have much authority when it comes to settling these kinds of disputes between companies and landowners. Gas equations chemistry The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has authority over siting routes for typical natural gas pipelines. Walmart with a gas station near me But it’s a totally different story for liquids gas products like ethane.

“FERC has no authority to regulate natural gas liquids in the United States,” says Rich Raiders, an attorney representing about a dozen Pennsylvania landowners in an eminent domain case brought by Sunoco Logistics. Electricity trading strategies “FERC’s authority is strictly limited to natural gas.”

“That’s an all-public, eyes-open discussion,” Raiders says. Q gastrobar dias ferreira “Whereas for a natural gas liquids line, that’s between the individual landowner and the pipeline company, and no government entity is involved at all.”

And that means eminent domain issues are getting sorted out by courts. Gas house gorillas In Kentucky, the state supreme court recently upheld a lower court ruling, which found a pipeline company is not a public utility and therefore cannot use eminent domain for natural gas liquids pipelines. Electricity kwh calculator But in Pennsylvania, pipeline companies that want eminent domain power can get certified as a “public utility” by the state Public Utility Commission. Electricity trading hubs However, to do that, they have to show their project will benefit the people of the Commonwealth.

One of the highest-profile cases where these issues are colliding is Sunoco’s Mariner East project. La gas prices 2016 It includes two pipelines—a new one, and an older one that’s been repurposed. I electricity bill com Both will carry natural gas liquids. Gas block install The new line begins in Ohio, near Mick Luber’s farm in Harrison County, and runs through Pennsylvania to the Marcus Hook Industrial Complex near Philadelphia. Electricity austin From there, Raiders says liquid gas is being shipped to Europe.

Raiders argues the fact that this gas is being produced for export clearly demonstrates that the project is not serving a public need of the Commonwealth—and therefore is not covered under eminent domain laws.

“All of these are operated, not by government entities, but by companies doing public business, in the sense that everybody that’s listening to your radio station uses gas to heat their homes. Gas national average 2008 So there absolutely is a public good for that.”

Sunoco would not agree to an interview for this story. Electricity voltage used in usa But in an email, the company says the Mariner East project will also provide propane for heating fuel to markets in Pennsylvania. Tropico 5 power plant In addition, Sunoco says the pipeline is already considered a utility under a 1930s certification granted by the Public Utility Commission for its original pipeline. La gasolina in english In July, Pennsylvania’s Commonwealth Court agreed with the company’s stance, granting eminent domain power in all 17 counties in the pipeline’s path.

Sunoco says it has come to an agreement with the majority of landowners. Z gastroenterol But some residents are still bringing eminent domain fights to the courts.

“The bottom line is when they’re approaching landowners in Ohio, they have this big stick called eminent domain,” says Nicholas Anderson, an attorney representing a landowner in Harrison County, Ohio. Gas gangrene “And they say look, ‘We’ll give you ‘X’ number of dollars per linear foot. C gastronomie mariage But if you don’t accept that, we’re just going to take your property.’ And that is where we have a problem.”

Anderson’s Ohio clients lost their court case against Sunoco, but they’re appealing. Z gas el salvador empleos And in the case of the Kinder Morgan ethane pipeline—the one farmer Mick Luber was fighting—Anderson says the company recently filed 130 eminent domain cases in at least eight Ohio counties. Gas finder mn Still, Kinder Morgan spokesperson Allen Fore maintains the company only pursues eminent domain action as a last resort.

For Luber, things didn’t get that far. Gas bubble in chest and back Kinder Morgan recently announced it would reroute the pipeline around Luber’s farm. Electricity 2014 But the company wants to make it clear that they won’t reroute for every landowner who has a problem.

“As long as these guys are still doing this stuff, what is the victory?” he says. 1 unit electricity cost in andhra pradesh “You can’t stop the vigilance. Electricity images cartoon People have to keep standing in their way.”