Environment and natural resources open development cambodia (odc) e gaskell

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Just under two-thirds of Cambodia’s population depend on agriculture, forest products and fisheries for their livelihoods, 1 so the management of the environment and natural resources is of great importance. Cambodia’s environment is also considered a resource for the world. electricity for dummies amazon Part of the Burma Indochina Hotspot, Cambodia is a treasure house of biodiversity. So far, around 8,260 species of plant, 874 species of fish, 500 species of bird and more than 250 species of amphibian and reptile have been identified. 2 On the Red List of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), 264 species are listed as threatened in Cambodia. 3 However, economic development has led to significant environmental changes since the 1990s.

Although Cambodia’s geography is dominated by the low-lying central plains that make up about three-quarters of the country, there are several other distinct landscapes: forested highlands (including the Cardamon, Dangrek and Chhlong mountains; flooded forest; the Tonle Sap lake and Mekong river system; the eastern plains or highlands; central forest; the coastal region that includes mangrove wetlands; and islands of the Gulf of Thailand.

With about two-thirds of Cambodia—including the Tonle Sap—sitting in the Mekong basin, it’s environment and ecosystems contribute significantly to the health of the whole Mekong region, and especially the Mekong Delta. 1940 gas station photos From as early as 2001, the FAO has highlighted changes to the Tonle Sap ecosystem brought on by siltation, agro-chemicals, other pollution, changes to hydrology, irrigation and transportation, as well as the fact that these changes impact the broader Mekong system. 4This highlights some of the main challenges facing Cambodia’s environment and natural resources as the country’s economy develops. The growing and increasingly urban population , who are earning more and demanding a more modern life-style, are putting pressure on land, food resources and transportation needs.

The Ministry of the Environment’s Climate Change Department released its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) policy in October 2015, which targets a 27 percent cut in greenhouse gas emissions from the projected status quo levels for 2030. igas energy shares In addition, it sets a target of increasing forest cover to 60 percent of total land area by 2030. electricity flow diagram Prior to the release of this policy, expenditure on climate change was set to grow to 1.5 percent of GDP by 2018. 6

Care of the environment and natural resources is a focus in many strategy documents. The government’s Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency gives high priority to environmental protection. Cambodia’s Millennium Development Goals included a specific goal to “integrate principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources.” 7 The National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) for 2014–2018 states the importance of protecting natural resources and sustainable development. 8

The government has recognized the contribution various areas of the country’s environment and natural resources make to the economy, and development. gas vs electric oven running cost Their National Forest Sector Policy identifies socio-economic development and poverty reduction as two of the driving factors behind its sustainable forest management activities. 11 Some report, however, that despite a strong legislative framework for the environment, it is either ignored or side-stepped for short-term personal gain. 12

The World Bank has estimated the total value of Cambodia’s natural resource rents as a percentage of GDP. hp gas online booking mobile number This shows the contribution that natural resources (such as forest timber) make to the country’s economic output. This has fallen in recent decades, from a high of 8.3 percent in 1995 to 1.9 percent in 2016, as other industries such as manufacturing have grown. 13

Besides the environment’s financial value, areas of Cambodia’s natural landscape have high cultural and spiritual value to the country’s indigenous groups. For instance, the Prey Lang Community Network reports that approximately 200,000 Kuy people depend on the central forest area known as Prey Lang for their livelihoods, and their social and spiritual traditions are tied to the forest. 15 Other indigenous and Khmer community groups make similar claims across the country.

Cambodia has a rich bio-diversity, including an array of diverse organisms and forest resource on which many poor people in the countryside depend for livelihood. gas vs electric stove top However, in recent years the forest resource has increasingly come under pressure from economic land utilization. Meanwhile, the country is known to be vulnerable to impacts of climate change due to its low adaptation capacity. Rural populations are most at risk to destructive climatic events such flood and drought. 16 Related to environment and natural resources

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