Farmers begin using manure as fuel

January 20, 2016, 6:30 AM EST A huge U.S. Bp gas locations dairy is tackling the farm pollution problem by turning cow manure into fuel. Gas stoichiometry examples Will others follow suit?

As president and CEO of the Humane Society of the U.S., the animal welfare watchdog, Pacelle makes it his business to tour dairy farms across the country, on the lookout for livestock abuses. Gas bloating Pacelle has seen operations where cows live in suffocating overcrowding, standing deep in a brew of mud and manure, with some so heavy—because of the way they’re bred for productivity—that they struggle to walk.

Instead, on his 2012 visit, Pacelle found a healthy herd, comfortable bedding for the cows, and a ban on tail docking, the industry practice of cutting off parts of cows’ tails. Gsa 2016 pay scale He also found a farmer who was doing something revolutionary in an industry not known for innovation. Electricity video ks2 Fair Oaks co-founder, Mike McCloskey, was recycling the cows’ waste—turning tons upon tons of manure into an energy source—as part of a quest to reduce his business’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Last but not least, in an industry often closed off about its practices, McCloskey and his partners had opened up their operation, not just to Pacelle but to thousands of visitors who could see the dairy in action. La gastritis “He’s saying, ‘I can defend this, and I’m going to do this in a way that’s consistent with the values of the public,’ ” Pacelle says. Kushal gas agencies belgaum “That doesn’t mean I agree with everything he’s doing, but from a perspective of protecting ag, it’s a bold, smart move.”

Many people expect the worst when they think of Big Agriculture, and sometimes with good reason. Gas hydrates energy Industrial-scale farming practices have made food cheaper and more abundant than ever before, but they have also contributed to pollution, resource shortages, and unhealthy eating habits. Gaslighting examples Some consumers now have an inherent bias against “big” when it comes to what they eat, using it as shorthand for all that’s wrong with our food system. Static electricity online games In part because of such sentiment, the 25 biggest food and beverage companies in 2009 have since lost the equivalent of $18 billion in market share, according to Robert Moskow of Credit Suisse.

Fair Oaks is challenging the assumption that big can’t be good. Electricity song billy elliot It’s because the 12 family-run dairies that make up Fair Oaks have 36,000 cows (only 1% of U.S. Gaz 67b for sale dairy farms have 2,500 or more) that it’s economically viable for McCloskey, his wife, Sue, and their partners to convert manure into fuel that runs their farms and powers a fleet of trucks. Static electricity how it works “The key piece under all of this is they can do things you can’t do at a smaller operation,” says Ronald Turco, a professor of agronomy at Purdue University.

Agriculture is a major contributor to climate change, accounting for about 9% of U.S. Electricity jeopardy powerpoint greenhouse gas emissions, and the farming sector hasn’t succeeded in reducing its output as much as the transportation and energy industries have. Gas in babies at night At the same time, farms are among the biggest victims of weather associated with climate disruption. Grade 6 science electricity multiple choice test In 2014 alone, the U.S. Mp electricity bill payment jabalpur Department of Agriculture paid out $10 billion in disaster programs and crop insurance.

Mike McCloskey is working to change the mind-set of the industry, demonstrating that farms can tackle environmental problems and still make a profit—and the bigger the farm, the bigger the impact. Nyc electricity cost “Mike had a vision that he was willing to articulate and sell to an industry that was skeptical about sustainability,” says Tom Gallagher, CEO of the industry promotional group Dairy Management Inc. Gas after eating salad “My dream and Sue’s dream—and people look at me like I’m crazy—is to have a zero-carbon-footprint dairy,” Mike says. Gas prices going up in michigan “And I believe I can get there.”

Fair Oaks, which the McCloskeys and their partners have run for almost two decades, is the hub of Select Milk Producers, America’s sixth-largest dairy co-op by volume. Electric utility companies charge customers for Select markets and sells milk from 92 dairies in Texas, New Mexico, and the Midwest, producing 6 billion pounds of raw milk a year and reaping nearly $2 billion in annual revenue. Electricity transmission costs (Prairie’s Edge, the group of farms within Fair Oaks that the -McCloskeys and a partner directly own, is Select’s largest dairy.) The co-op works with some of the world’s biggest food businesses, from Coca-Cola (with which it markets the Fairlife milk brand) to Kroger, the country’s largest supermarket company.

It took more than 30 contracts, $30 million, and a decade of work to get the stool-to-fuel project where it is today. Gas in back trapped “This had never been done before,” says Mark Stoer-mann, Fair Oaks’ then project manager. Gas leak east los angeles The endeavor ultimately required everything from building two CNG fueling stations—one on the farm and another on the Kentucky—Indiana border—to finding a partner to buy enough milk to justify the expense. Gas bijoux nolita In 2010, Kroger committed: “We wanted to be a little bit of a beacon for the industry,” says Mike Nosewicz, head of Kroger’s fresh dairy operations.

Today there are some 200 dairy farms that use digesters, Mike says, but no other farm has gone as far as Fair Oaks has. Electricity for dummies pdf “We have our own co-op, we sell our own milk, and we have dedicated routes,” Mike explains. Gas laws worksheet pdf “We were the right people to take this risk.” The McCloskeys’ next move: helping other farms adopt the model. Z gas tecate telefono Select owns a piece of Newtrient, a new company whose plans include developing Fair Oaks–style technology that can scale down affordably for smaller farms. Electricity cost per kwh by country Mike is also a partner in a company that grew out of the original project, AMP CNG, which owns and operates CNG filling stations across the U.S.

Biogas isn’t the only product of the McCloskeys’ entremanureship: There are also nitrogen and phosphorus, which remain in the slop left over after digestion. Electricity problem in up Those chemicals behave as nutrients in fertilizers, and recently the team figured out how to press the water out of the slop, producing a fertilizer-friendly paste. Electricity bill bihar electricity board An outside company is building a fertilizer plant on Fair Oaks property: The farms will use some of the product on the 36,000 acres where they grow the cows’ feed. 9gag instagram But Mike is already using the slop, achieving nearly total recycling of the farms’ waste.

The leftover water from the slop still looks a little brown. Electricity symbols ks2 Would Mike drink it? “That’s the last stage I’m working on,” he says. Gas yourself in car His goal is to use that water to create artificial wetlands where he’ll grow something like high-protein duckweed to feed his cows. Electricity storage costs Sue wants to distill the potable water that will be filtered through the wetlands and use it to brew beer. K gas station “When you drink that beer,” Mike says, “it’s going to be the water that the cows drank that made the milk that produced the gas that ran the trucks that created the fertilizer that grew the crops that created the protein that the cows ate and now is the water we use to make the beer.”

Most dairy farmers are born into it, their land passed down from generation to generation. Gas konigsforst But Mike came to large-scale farming later in life. Current electricity examples He started out as a veterinarian in the San Diego area, where he and Sue first met—Mike was Sue’s landlord. Electricity shock in the body “I figured out how to get cheap rent,” Sue jokes. Electricity and magnetism physics definition “I got the best part of the deal, I guarantee you,” Mike says.

The two built a successful veterinary business, but Mike was itching to implement his ideas about best farming practices. Gas estimator The couple decided to start their own farm, with the same partner they have today and 250 cows, to see if they could do better. Power outage houston reliant In 1990 they committed to farming full-time and moved to a bigger dairy in New Mexico, where all four of their children were born.

Eventually dissatisfaction with the co-op selling their milk led the couple to consider starting one of their own. Static electricity zapper To break out independently, they needed a commercial buyer to commit to their milk. Electricity outage sacramento The McCloskeys set their sights on Texas-based grocery chain H-E-B. Electricity production by source Bob McCullough, now H-E-B’s senior vice president of manufacturing, was intrigued by the quality of their milk, and he had never heard farmers refer to their cows as “she” and “her” before. Igas energy shares “I walked away saying these guys are the real deal,” he remembers. Physical science electricity review worksheet H-E-B committed to buying a third of its milk from the McCloskeys and their partner, beginning in 1994, allowing them to launch their co-op, Select Milk Producers, with Mike as CEO.

The McCloskeys moved from New Mexico to Indiana in 1999, starting Fair Oaks on acreage that had originally been intended as the site for a third Chicago-area airport. Electricity projects ks2 The move coincided with what they saw as growing public resentment toward large farms. Electricity experiments for 4th graders Mike believes the animosity was fueled by the agendas of animal-rights groups like PETA, but he acknowledges that it was also born out of the farming culture of the 1970s and 1980s, which prioritized productivity over sustainability and animal care. Bp gas card login Rather than explain their practices, many farmers became insular. Electricity wikipedia in hindi The McCloskeys wanted to change the narrative. Gas 93 octane “We thought, Hey, wait a second. Electricity flow direction We lived all our lives being proud of what we do,” Mike says, “and we thought we should open our doors.” Fair Oaks opened to the public in 2004. Electricity billy elliot instrumental More than 50,000 people showed up in the first 12 months; in 2015, half a million visited the farm. Grade 6 electricity project Fernando Volken

Fair Oaks is no petting zoo. Gas and sand Visitors hop on a bus to tour the cows’ quarters and watch as they’re milked on a rotary, a system the McCloskeys believe is more efficient and less disruptive for the cows. Gas constant for helium You can watch a calf being born or see cheese, yogurt, or ice cream made while you sip a milkshake. 3 gases in the air And if you need a reminder that in the end human appetites trump animal comfort, you can eat a steak made from Fair Oaks beef at the upscale Farmhouse Restaurant.

Inviting the public led the McCloskeys to reexamine their practices, knowing they would be opening themselves up to scrutiny. Gas after eating pasta That’s what led them to give up, in 2004, the practice of tail docking, which is meant to keep the cow’s tail from picking up manure and to keep the milker from getting swatted. Gas equations chemistry The National Milk Producers Federation has since changed its guidelines to eliminate tail docking by next year. Walmart with a gas station near me That decision, which the McCloskeys lobbied for, has upset a faction of farmers. Electricity trading strategies “There’s a lot of producers out there saying, ‘What are we going to give up next?’ ” Mike says.

That said, Fair Oaks’ practices don’t align perfectly with the ideals of the Whole Foods demographic. Q gastrobar dias ferreira While Fair Oaks produces some organic milk, most of the output from the cows in Mike’s carbon-reduction project is conventional. Gas house gorillas For their milk to qualify as organic, cows have to be out on pasture at least 120 days a year, which makes it impossible to collect all of their manure for the digesters. Electricity kwh calculator Fair Oaks organic cows also aren’t as productive as their peers, in part because they can’t be fed the feed mixture Mike prefers, which has genetically modified ingredients. Electricity trading hubs Ultimately, meeting the requirements of being organic requires more energy use, Mike says: “All you’re doing is spending more carbon per gallon of milk.” That’s not an appealing prospect for a man who says he has reduced the footprint of a gallon of his milk to the equivalent of about

The McCloskeys occupy an unusual position: They’re successful large-scale farmers who meet the highest environmental standards, but other farmers and eco-conscious foodies can always find things to criticize in their methods. La gas prices 2016 Still, Mike has reached a point where he feels there’s nothing he can’t explain or justify. I electricity bill com “My doors are open, and you see everything I’m doing,” he says. Gas block install He’ll change his practices to meet what the market demands, but he adds, “Just make sure you want to pay for it. Electricity austin Make sure you understand that environmentally, it has a cost.”