Felocell 4 for animal use – drugs.com static electricity zapper


PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Fellocell 4 is for vaccination of healthy cats as an aid in preventing feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) caused by feline herpesvirus-1, feline respiratory disease caused by feline calicivirus (FCV), feline panleukopenia caused by feline parvovirus (FPV), and feline chlamydiosis caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Fellocell 4 contains attenuated strains of feline rhinotracheitis virus, calicivirus, and panleukopenia virus (Johnson Snow Leopard gas refrigerator not cooling strain), and C. psittaci, propagated on established cell lines. Fellocell 4 is packaged in freeze-dried form with inert gas in place of vacuum.

DURATION OF SEROLOGIC la gas prices now RESPONSE: In cats vaccinated and boostered as kittens, and then vaccinated again approximately 1 year later, revaccination with Felocell 4 has been demonstrated (under field conditions) to result in serum antibody titers that persist for 12-36 months against FPV (hemagglutination inhibition [HAI] titer ≥ 1:40), FCV (serum neutralization [SN] titer ≥ 1:32) and FHV (SN ≥ 1:16).

Protection against infectious agents involves a complex interplay between humoral immunity, cellular immunity, or a combination of both. The purpose of vaccination is to induce effector cells in both these arms of the immune system. During the process, long-term immunity in the form of memory T and B lymphocytes is produced. Memory cells u gas station near me and antibodies interact to provide protection to an animal challenged with the same pathogen at a later date. Depending on the vaccine and the disease, antibodies may be produced that provide complete protection from disease and prevent or reduce shedding. In other cases, antibodies may play a minor or ineffective role and protection from disease relies on systemic, local cellular immunity and/or local antibody production. The role of sustained serological titers in the prevention of disease has not been confirmed e85 gas stations in ohio.

In companion animals, immunological response to infection or vaccination has generally been evaluated by measuring the level of antibodies in serum and correlating these with protection or susceptibility. For certain diseases, such as feline panleukopenia, evaluation of antibody titers can be a valuable diagnostic indicator to determine when grade 9 electricity review revaccination may be needed. 1,2 For other diseases, a serological response has not been identified that correlates with protection. Practical knowledge of the disease, the vaccine and the patient, along with serologic test results when appropriate, is paramount in making the best recommendation for a vaccination protocol for a specific animal.

The duration and character of the immune response to the viral antigens of Felocell were determined in a multi-center serology study involving 40 small animal veterinary clinics located in the United States (38) and Canada (2). Two hundred gas cap light seventy-two male and female (intact and neutered) cats of various ages, breeds, weights, lifestyles and times since last vaccination were enrolled in the study. Cats were required to be healthy, FeLV and FIV negative, ≥ 2 years old with no history of disease due to FPV, FCV or FHV, and must not have been vaccinated gas in oil causes for 12-48 months or longer. Additionally, cats must have received at least one priming vaccination series approximately 2-7 weeks apart as a kitten and a booster vaccination approximately 8-16 months later. All previously administered vaccines were Felocell CVR or Felocell CVR-C. A blood sample was collected from each cat and serum submitted to Cornell Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for determination of FPV (HAI), FCV (SN) and FHV (SN) antibody titers. The samples were sent to a single diagnostic laboratory, thus ensuring a standardized test and methodology. As shown in the table below, elevated geometric mean titers were sustained for 12 to ≥ 36 months after the last booster. Since the study was electricity questions grade 9 conducted under field conditions with client-owned animals, it is possible that natural exposure to infectious agents could have occurred without clinical signs of infection during the course of the study. In such cases, the titers measured in the study could be the result of exposure to the disease in addition to vaccinations.

The use of this product has been associated with fever, anorexia, and lethargy in 1% of vaccinated cats, often occurring in clusters in association with multiple concurrent vaccinations. The onset is typically delayed 7-21 days gas 76 station after vaccination. Symptoms may persist for 3-30 days with an average of 12 days after onset. Veterinary intervention may be required. When treatment is necessary, supportive care, steroids gaz 67 dakar, and antibiotics have been utilized.

This product has been shown to be efficacious in healthy animals. A protective immune response may not be elicited if animals are incubating an infectious disease, are malnourished or parasitized, are stressed due to shipment or environmental conditions, are otherwise immunocompromised, or the vaccine is not administered in accordance with label directions.