Five ways to take action on climate change _ fatih birol _ global development professionals network _ the guardian

Yet that was the easy part. Gas vs electric stove Actually realising these commitments made at COP21 in Paris will require concerted, concrete action for many years to come. Gas news today Though the vast majority of countries in the world have clear goals in the form of nationally determined contributions (NDCs), these are not action plans, nor are the NDCs strong enough to actually keep global average temperature from rising more than 2C.

The Paris agreement is a truly global commitment, spanning developed and developing countries around the world. C gastritis der antrumschleimhaut Yet for many developing and least-developed countries, in particular, contributing to the fight against climate change requires taking targeted actions while also prioritising economic development and poverty reduction. Static electricity review worksheet Here are five areas in the energy sector that offer such a win-win. Gas stations in texas 1 Ensure that everyone has access to energy

While energy is the foremost contributor to carbon emissions, access to it is also a critical enabler of human and economic development. E85 gas stations colorado At the same time, the billions who lack access have not contributed to climate change. Gas approximation Any concerns that achieving energy access for all would magnify the challenges of energy security or climate change are unfounded: it would only increase global energy demand by 1% in 2030 and CO2 emissions by 0.6%.

The latest figures, recently published in the World Energy Outlook 2016, show that an estimated 1.2 billion people, 16% of the global population, still do not have access to electricity. Mafia 2 gas meter Access to clean cooking receives far less attention than electrification and in many ways is more difficult to achieve. 1 unit electricity cost in gujarat An estimated 2.7 billion people, or almost 40% of the global population who are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa and developing Asia, still rely on the traditional use of biomass for cooking.

Despite the urgency of the problem, investment is falling far short of what the International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates is needed to achieve universal access by 2030 – around $50bn (£40bn) per year. Electricity reading comprehension Dedicated policies to promote access are essential to break the vicious cycle of energy poverty, in which growth in incomes and living standards are severely hindered by a lack of energy services. P gaskell Technology can also be a major enabler of effective policymaking and improvement on the ground: decentralised renewable energy is providing an increasingly viable way to close the access gap in rural areas, particularly for remote settlements far from the existing grid. C gastronomie brignais 2 Take steps to rapidly reduce air pollution

Around 6.5 million premature deaths worldwide are attributed each year to poor air quality, making this the world’s fourth-largest threat to human health after high blood pressure, dietary risks and smoking.

This is an energy sector problem, as energy production and use, mostly from unregulated, poorly regulated or inefficient fuel combustion, are the most important sources of air pollution from human activity. Gas kansas The harmful effects of energy poverty are felt most heavily in developing countries in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Confronting the twin challenges of CO2 emissions and air pollution means dispensing with short-term thinking and stop-gap solutions. Gas efficient cars 2015 IEA analysis shows that proven energy policies and technologies can chart a development path that delivers major cuts in air pollution around the world and bring health benefits, universal access to energy and improve sustainability. 76 gas card login 3 Make cities energy efficient

Though the Paris agreement is a global accord between countries, much of the hard work will be taken in the cities of the world. 2015 electricity increase Cities dominate energy demand, and by extension are responsible for a significant share of carbon emissions. 9gag instagram logo As IEA’s Energy Technology Perspectives 2016 highlighted, the world’s urban areas accounted for about 64% of global primary energy use and produced 70% of the planet’s CO2 emissions in 2013.

These shares will rise as cities grow and urban economic activity expands. Ideal gas questions As the world seeks to make more efficient use of its energy resources, increase energy security and meet global climate targets, cities must take a leading role in the energy transition.

Leadership must of course start from the top; policy at the national level must encourage the deployment of clean energy technologies, and include greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, carbon pricing mechanisms, and investment in energy research, development and demonstration. Grade 9 electricity review But these targets must then be complemented by action at the local level through efforts including sustainable transportation planning, building codes and improved data collection. Physics electricity and magnetism study guide 4 Power the economy with cleaner, more efficient technologies

Unfortunately today, many of the megacities of the world, particularly those in Asia, are still powered by antiquated subcritical coal-fired power plants. Circle k gas station locations These can have emissions intensities of around 1,000kg of CO2 per megawatt-hour (that is, the amount of carbon dioxide that is released for each unit of power produced). K electric jobs 2016 More modern, highly efficient coal-fired power plants may have an intensity of around 800, yet a natural gas turbine can reach about 350. Hp gas online A coal plant equipped with carbon capture and storage can release less than 150kg of CO2 per megawatt-hour. Gas vs diesel rv At the very end of the spectrum, renewable sources like wind and solar have zero emissions. Grade 9 electricity unit Globally, the average intensity of power generation today is just over 500kg of CO2 per megawatt-hour.

But, to align with the 450 Scenario in the IEA’s World Energy Outlook 2016 – a scenario consistent with limiting the global increase in temperature to no more than 2C – the emissions intensity of power generation needs to fall much further and faster, to around 80kg of CO2 per megawatt-hour by 2040.

A path to achieving this is likely to include a combination of a more rapid shift to low-carbon technologies worldwide (especially wind, solar and hydropower), fuel switching (such as from coal to gas), efficiency improvements and in some markets, adoption of carbon capture and storage. Chapter 7 electricity test 5 Finally, stop incentivising the wasteful use of fossil fuels

This low-carbon transition must take place on a level playing field. Gas bloating after eating Fossil-fuel subsidies distort energy markets, promoting inefficient use of energy and increasing energy-related CO2 emissions. 2015 electricity rates They are a roadblock on the way to a cleaner and more efficient energy future.

They have also consistently dwarfed the amounts allocated by governments to subsidise renewable energy. Gas finder map In 2014, for example, fossil fuel consumption subsidies of almost $500bn (£400bn) were more than three-times higher than renewables subsidies of some $140bn (£112bn). Grade 9 electricity But there has been progress. O gastro World Energy Outlook 2016 reports that the value of global fossil-fuel consumption subsidies in 2015 was estimated at $325bn (£260bn), reflecting lower fossil-fuel prices but also a subsidy reform process that has gathered momentum in some countries.