Flag of south korea – wikipedia electricity lesson plans 4th grade

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The absence of a national flag only became an issue for Korea in 1876, during the reign of the Joseon dynasty. Before 1876, Korea did not assert a need for or the importance of a national flag. The issue arose during the negotiations for the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, at which the delegate of the Empire of Japan displayed the Japanese national flag, whereas the Joseon Dynasty had no corresponding national symbol to exhibit. At that time, some proposed to create a national flag, but the Korean government looked upon the matter as unimportant and unnecessary. By 1880, the proliferation of foreign negotiations led to the need for a national flag. [4] The most popular proposal was described in the "Korea Strategy" papers, written by the Chinese delegate Huang Zunxian. It proffered to incorporate the flag of the Qing Dynasty of China into that of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. In response to the Chinese proposal, the Korean government dispatched delegate Lee Young-Sook to consider the scheme with Chinese statesman and diplomat Li Hongzhang. Li agreed with some elements of Huang’s suggestion while accepting that Korea would make some alterations. The Qing government assented to Li’s conclusions, but the degree of enthusiasm with which the Joseon government explored this proposal is unknown. [1]

The issue remained unpursued for a period, re-emerging with the negotiation of the United States–Korea Treaty of 1882, also known as the Shufeldt Treaty. The controversy arose after the delegate Lee Eung-Jun presented a flag similar to the flag of Japan to the Chinese official Ma Jianzhong. In response to the discussion, Ma Jianzhong argued against the proposed idea of using the flag of the Qing Dynasty and proposed a flag with a white background, with a half-red and half-black circle in the center, with eight black bars around the flag. [1] On August 22, 1882, Park Yeong-hyo created a scale model of the Taegukgi to the Joseon government. Park Yeong-hyo became the first person to use the Taegukgi in the Empire of Japan in 1882. [5] On January 27, 1883, the Joseon government officially promulgated Taegukgi to be used as the official national flag. [1]

After the restoration of Korean independence in 1945, the Taegukgi remained in use after the southern portion of Korea became a democratic republic under the influence of the United States but also used by the People’s Republic of Korea. At the same time, the flag of the United States was also used by the United States Army Military Government in Korea alongside with the Taegukgi. Following the establishment of the South Korean state in August 1948, the current flag was declared official by the government of South Korea on October 15, 1949, [1] although it had been used as the de facto national flag before then. [6]

In February 1984, the exact dimensional specifications of the flag were codified. [7] [8] [9] [10] In October 1997, the exact colors of the flag were specified via presidential decree. [11] [12] Cultural role in contemporary South Korean society [ edit ]

According to scholar Brian Reynolds Myers, the South Korean flag in the context of the country’s society tends to represent a grander nationalistic idea of a " Korean race" rather than merely symbolizing the South Korean state itself. [13] He said that: "When the average [South Korean] man sees the [South Korean] flag, he feels fraternity with [ethnic] Koreans around the world." [14] Myers also stated in a 2011 thesis that: "Judging from the yin-yang flag’s universal popularity in South Korea, even among those who deny the legitimacy of the Republic of Korea, it evidently evokes the race first and the state second." [15] This was reflected in the original version of the South Korean flag’s pledge of allegiance, instituted in 1972, which stressed allegiance to the "Korean race" rather than the South Korean state. [15]

Myers stated that because of the South Korean flag being considered by a large part of the country’s citizens to represent the "Korean race" rather than solely the South Korean state, flag desecration in South Korea by the country’s citizens is extremely rare when compared to other countries, where countries’ citizens desecrate their own national flags. Thus even some South Korean citizens opposed to the South Korean state‘s existence will still treat the South Korean flag with reverence and respect: "There is therefore none of the parodying or deliberate desecration of the state flag that one encounters in the countercultures of other countries." [15] Specifications [ edit ]