Gallbladder infection – causes, symptoms, treatment, diet diseases pictures gas law questions and answers

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For some people, gallbladder may get infected after surgery. Hence post surgery care is very important to prevent infection. Severe illness can also affect the function of bile duct causing cholecystitis. If the person suffers from burn injuries it may affect the gallbladder seriously. Even sepsis can cause gallbladder infection. In children, gall stones are formed over a period of time when viral infections are not treated properly.

If the body’s immunity is lowered or if the immune system is not functioning well, it can affect the gallbladder causing infection. The gallbladder becomes swollen and gets irritated on account of gallstones. This condition can happen due to accident or trauma caused to the region of stomach. Some medical conditions like chronic diabetes and HIV infection can also seriously affect gallbladder causing acute cholecystitis which is life-threatening condition. Acute condition demands immediate hospitalization and surgery for removing gallbladder.

Some of the common signs of gallbladder infection are mild to severe pain in the right abdomen region. The pain may radiate towards shoulder blade or back. It can be accompanied with fever, nausea, vomiting, tenderness and intense pain after taking food. There may be sharp pain while taking a deep breath. The pain may worsen after some time and it may lasts for several hours. Even after the pain subsides, you may feel discomfort on the abdomen area. Diarrhea and indigestion are common in people with gallbladder infection.

Stomach bloating or fullness is felt by many people with gallbladder infection. Vomiting sensation may be continuous even without taking food. Frequent discharge of gas or burping sensation is an indication of gallbladder infection. Generally gallstones formation does not require any treatment. But if the gallstones block the path of the bile thus blocking its flow, it can cause inflammation of the gallbladder. As time passes, the inflammation may rapidly spread to other parts affecting liver and pancreas. Fever with vomiting and pain on the right abdomen is a clear indication for gallstone.

Jaundice is another symptom that confirms the formation of gallstones in the gallbladder. Your skin may become yellowish and even it may affect your eyes. If a person gets jaundice it signals that underlying bile ducts are affected and blocked.

Your doctor will look for the above symptoms. He will feel your right abdomen on careful physical examination. He may order for complete blood test and ultrasound scan for detecting the presence of gallstones. For some people, nuclear scanning test is done to find the extent of blockage in the bile duct.

The mode of treatment depends on the intensity of symptoms, age and general health condition of the person. If the person with small gallstones does not have any pain or other symptoms, he need not take any treatment. Some others are given antibiotics which give power to fight back the infection. It boosts the body’s immunity which will destroy infection in due course. The doctor will restrict the bowel flow to give complete rest for the intestine to facilitate healing.

For acute cholecystitis, emergency treatment is required. Surgery is done after making small incisions on the abdomen through laparoscopic procedure. But for some patients it may require open surgery for removing gallbladder if the infection is deeper. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreas tography ERCP is done for removing small gallstones on the bile duct. In most of the cases, gall stones can be removed by endoscopic method or laparoscopic surgery and only few of them will require extensive surgery for removing gallbladder. For mild to moderate size of gallstones, medications are given for dissolving it inside.