George washington – simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia electricity and magnetism review sheet


Washington was a delegate to the First Continental Congress, which was created by the Thirteen Colonies to respond to various laws passed by the British government. The Second Continental Congress chose him to be the commanding general of the Continental Army. Washington led the army from 1775 until the end of the war in 1783. After losing the big Battle of Long Island, and being chased across New Jersey Washington led his troops back across the Delaware River on Christmas Day, 1776, in a surprise attack on Hessian mercenaries at the small Battle of Princeton and Trenton, New Jersey. The British had more troops and more supplies than Washington, however, Washington kept his troops together and won these small battles.

Overall, Washington did not win many battles, but he never let the British destroy his army. With the help of the French army and navy, Washington made a British army surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, in the final major battle of the war. The war officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. After the war [ change | change source ]

When the Revolutionary war ended, Washington was considered a national hero. He was offered a government position that would have been considered a dictatorship over the colonies, but in a surprising move, Washington refused, left the army, and returned to Mount Vernon. He wanted the colonies to have a strong government but did not wish to head that government, nor did he want the colonies to be run by a tyrant.

A few years later, Washington was called upon to host the discussions for the new government. He was voted president of the Constitutional Convention in 1785. Washington wanted the states to ratify the Constitution of the United States and they did, largely thanks to the Federalist Papers, which were written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison.

From his marriage, George Washington owned a substantial amount of farm land, where he grew tobacco, wheat, and vegetables. Washington also owned more than 100 slaves, who were freed upon his death. He did not have much money in cash and had to borrow money while he was president. At his death, Washington’s estate was worth over $500,000. [5] Wooden teeth [ change | change source ]

It is a common misconception that George Washington had wooden teeth. [6] He did, however, try many different ways to replace his teeth, including having teeth carved from elk’s teeth or ivory. [7] [8] Ivory and bone both have hairline fractures in them, which normally can’t be seen, but started to darken due to Washington’s love of wine. The darkened, thin fractures in the bone made the lines look like the grain in a piece of wood. [9] George Washington‘s teeth started falling out when he was about 22 years old, and he had only one tooth left by the time he became president. [7] [8] It was difficult for him to talk and to eat. At one time, he had fake teeth with a special hole so the one tooth he still had could poke through; [7] [8] he tried to keep them smelling clean by soaking them in wine, but instead they became mushy and black. [7] [8] In 1796, a dentist had to pull out George Washington‘s last tooth, and he kept his tooth in a gold locket attached to his watch chain. [7] When the time came for the president to have his portrait painted, cotton was pushed under his lips to make him look as if he had teeth. [7] [8] The cotton made his mouth puff out, as is seen on the picture on the dollar bill. [8] References [ change | change source ]