Global trends in smart metering _ metering. com

Figure 1: Global annual smart meter investment ($bn), 2010–20e Source: Bloomberg New Energy Finance. Gas smoker recipes Note: includes smart electricity and gas meters. Grade 6 science electricity unit test The regional make-up of investment is shifting

North America, once the leading market for investment in smart meters, has not held the top spot since 2013. Electricity flows through Policy support has led China and then Europe to overtake the once booming North American market. Electricity hair stand up This shift in where investments are being made will continue. Bp gas prices columbus ohio In a rush to meet national and EU targets, European utilities will install 182 million smart meters over 2016–20, amounting to $37.8 billion of investment. Electricity kwh usage calculator Likewise in Japan, 55 million meters, costing $16.6 billion, will be installed from 2016 through 2020 (see Fig.1).

The story is not confined to developed markets. Gas examples Utilities in emerging economies are exploring the use of smart meters for applications ranging from grid reliability to theft detection. Gas vs electric range The trials and errors in early-mover markets such as North America and Australia have demonstrated the importance of fully understanding the use case before investments are made. Electricity 4th grade By learning early lessons and benefiting from the technology cost reductions that have ensued, utilities can make a strong economic case for deploying smart meters to improve billing accuracy, reduce theft and mitigate line losses.

As a result, over the past year we have seen announcements in new and unexpected places: a 2,000-customer pilot in Nigeria; a 216,000-meter project in Serbia; and an ambitious project connecting one million meters over cellular networks in Uzbekistan. La gasolina lyrics Non-OECD deployments outside of China are growing rapidly, up from an expected 8.6 million meters in 2016 to almost 21 million in 2020. I gas shares This will accelerate in the next decade as activity ramps up in large Asian markets such as India and the Philippines.

The convergence between smart metering and distribution automation has long been under way. Chapter 7 electricity note taking worksheet North American utilities have successfully integrated AMI data with other operational technologies such as outage and distribution management systems. Gas jet compressor Of the 11 largest smart metering projects, seven use meter data for outage management, six for theft detection and four for asset management – and almost all the rest are in the process of doing the same or planning to. Static electricity in the body While these applications are par for the course in North American projects and becoming so globally, integration of AMI with more advanced smart-grid technologies is more gradual.

Volt/VAR optimisation and state estimation are two wellknown examples where the volume and geographic dispersion of AMI data can greatly enhance the performance of the service. Gas and electric credit union So far, these applications have been pursued by just a few utilities and almost entirely within North America. Gas works park events But the growth of distributed, small-scale solar suggests this approach is becoming more widespread. Grade 6 electricity project ideas Bloomberg New Energy Finance expects 271GW of small-scale solar capacity globally by 2020. Gas bloating diarrhea Distribution operators in regions with the most growth will suffer increasing voltage and stability issues. Gas or electricity for heating With widespread smart meter investment already planned in many of the markets most likely to experience the effects, the case for integrating AMI and volt/VAR is compelling.

Meter vendors are in the midst of these developments, offering products and services that maximise the use of both smart-meter data and the networks they operate on. Thermal electricity how it works Several have acquired start-ups that specialise in these areas (see Table 1). Types of electricity pdf In other cases the technology is developed in-house or offered through partnership with a third-party – most do a combination of all three.

AMI does not just support the grid; utilities are using smart meters to reach further into the home. Electricity in india first time The availability of metering data has enabled utilities to offer large numbers of customer services such as load disaggregation, rapidly. Electricity questions and answers pdf The market is highly competitive with a plethora of start-ups offering their own approach to customer insight and energy management, but meter vendors are bringing these services in-house. Q gases componen el aire Itron’s newest OpenWay meters have in-built load disaggregation functionality – no thirdparty required. Gas buddy They also support load control and demand response, as do products offered by the likes of Landis+Gyr and Silver Spring Networks. La gasolina letra Vendors are hoping that as the value of customer flexibility increases, they will be positioned to benefit. Grade 6 electricity unit Whether utilities opt for these integrated products or prefer third-party services remains to be seen.

The days of implementing smart meters solely to reduce truck rolls while hoping for some end-user energy savings are long gone. Electricity grid map uk Regulators require, and utilities should expect, multiple use cases and benefits. Electricity cost by state A push into managed services

Utilities have gradually outsourced many of the data functions of smart metering projects to vendors. Electricity dance moms choreography Data collection, management and archiving are often performed by meter suppliers or other third parties. E seva power bill payment This service model is extending to other aspects of metering projects: network operation, meter management and asset ownership can now be procured as a service for a recurring fee. Electric utility companies in arizona This allows utilities the flexibility to choose the appropriate level of operational involvement and asset ownership based on their regulatory environment and strategic preferences. Electricity invented For vendors this smoothens the typically lumpy revenues from smart metering projects and helps unlock the municipal and cooperative market segment.

Although many have installed smart meters, the penetration is lower than amongst investor-owned utilities. Electricity definition Partly this is an issue of scale – publicly owned utilities tend to be small, which increases their costs per endpoint and limits their ability to finance large capital projects. Electricity and circuits class 6 questions A service-based model allows smaller utilities to finance smart metering through on-going operational expenditure rather than up-front capital investments. Gas vs electric oven temperature This applies equally well to small distribution operators in countries such as Austria and Germany, or any other market. Gas monkey bar and grill While this development is positive, we do not expect the opportunity to be large at present. Gas up Despite their numbering over 1,700, US electric cooperatives, municipals and other, publicly owned, entities] only account for 20% of customers. Electricity 101 episode 1 In Europe, small distribution utilities represent a slither of the overall market.

One notable exception is Germany, which has 48 million electricity customers and almost 900 distribution operators. K gas cylinder However, Germany is a laggard on smart metering, with weak policy support and one of the lowest penetration rates in Europe, and we do not expect widespread investment until the mid-2020s.

Meanwhile, regulators in several markets are pursuing beneficial changes to the treatment of capital and operational investments. Tropico 5 electricity In New York, Italy and the UK, regulators have allowed utilities to earn a return on a portion of operational expenditure, removing an implicit barrier to opex in traditional cost-toserve regulation. Gas constant mmhg If these changes prove effective and are implemented more widely, investor-owned utilities may be encouraged to procure smart meters this way. 5 gases emitted from the exhaust pipe However the real beneficiaries would be services, such as cloud-based software and data hosting, that are only purchased as an operational expense. J gastroenterol hepatol The opportunity to earn a return would boost utility investment in these applications. S gashi Three alternative strategies

In parallel with these developments, three distinct strategies have emerged amongst the major players. Gas 4 less The pure play metering vendors, such as Elster, Itron and Landis+Gyr, have expanded their products and services to include the full spectrum of AMI applications and outsourced services. Gas mask tattoo An alternative strategy is to specialise in a core technology and expand its applicability. Gas constant for nitrogen Silver Spring Networks has implemented this approach and is betting that smart-city projects will be an important component of future growth. Gas emoji Finally, some companies are focused on managed services and system integration. Z gas station One example is Ericsson, which offers full project management but is technologyagnostic and integrates products from multiple vendors.

The three strategies reflect opportunities that have developed as the market has matured. Kansas gas service login In separate ways, all attempt to diversify from the lumpy revenue cycle of large-scale metering projects. Electricity deregulation wikipedia It is too early to assess how effectively they will achieve that goal. Gas prices map But with the market expected to reach $21.4 billion by 2020, there is still plenty of business selling meters. Electricity generation in california MI

James is an Associate at Bloomberg New Energy Finance within the Energy Smart Technologies team, where he leads analysis of digital energy globally.

utility retail strategy. Ortega y gasset He has written extensively about topics, such as the interplay of telecoms and smart grid, network regulation, and utility business models and downstream services.