Gluten, organics, psychedelics and more_ our 15-minute chat with michael pollan – modern farmer

Michael Pollan is a busy guy. 8 gas laws But between preparing lectures for his UC Berkeley course Edible Education, making the rounds on the food and farming lecture circuit, and attending promo events for the two recent documentaries he helped produce, he still found time to give Modern Farmer a call this week to update us on his latest endeavors.

Pollan gave us the backstory on Cooked , the just-released Netflix docu-series based on his latest book of the same name, and discussed his distaste for the term “foodie.” He also gave us the lowdown on his next book—which has nothing to do with food or farming.

Modern Farmer: In conceiving the Cooked series, was it a conscious goal of yours to use Netflix as a platform to bring your ideas to the primetime-watching masses?

Michael Pollan: The other [TV productions] I’ve done have been public television, and then there was Food Inc , which was theatrical, so I’ve worked in a couple different distribution systems. La gastronomia So when the opportunity to do it on Netflix came up, I jumped at it. Gas yoga I thought they were great partners. Electricity lab physics They had already demonstrated a commitment to doing a very different kind of food journalism, and they had proven to themselves that their audience was particularly interested in food.

I thought Chef’s Table was beautiful; it was chef-centered but it got the chefs out of the kitchen and looked at the contexts of food which seldom get looked at on television. Victaulic t gasket And I knew that they could move more quickly than public television. Wb state electricity board bill pay I just did In Defense of Food on public television, and it took five or six years to fund. Gas bubbler The process is just much more cumbersome. Gas vs diesel prices When Netflix wants to move, they can move very quickly. Gas bloating frequent urination This whole thing—four hours of television—was done over just the course of last year.

MF: Cooked is such a beautiful film—and there is no hiding the political message and it—but that part doesn’t come across as much of the excitement and the beauty of the material.

MP: A lot of attention was paid to the cinematography, and the locations, and even the sound design. Electricity notes [But] yeah you’re right, there is a political message. Electricity jeopardy 4th grade Alex [Gibney, the filmmaker] is a very political animal, and I’m a very political animal. Bp gas prices But I think that was kind of submerged in what is just a very sensual viewing experience. Gas laws worksheet There is an argument to be found, but is not foregrounded. V gashi 2012 In the foreground is this exploration and a celebration of this activity that is universal and essential to our health and identity and our family life.

And one of the great contributions that Alex brought to the material was making it international—it’s a much more of a global film than the book was. 9gag wiki I think that’s really great, because this is not an American story. Gas in babies This is a world story. Gas tracker And what’s happening to American food is in the process of happening all over the world right now. 3 gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect To the extent people in other countries want to look at an American book for production about food is because we are their future, unless they can head it the off.

MF: Do you think that such a highly artistic cinematography approach helps get the message across to folks who are not already part of the local food movement?

MP: I hope so. Yoga gas relief pose The reason I do television is to reach people where they are and reach the people who don’t want to read a book about the food system, which is what I’ve written, but just want to be entertained. Gas and electric phone number The first rule when you’re making film is to entertain people. Electricity physics And if you can instruct as well as delight, that is wonderful. U gas station But delight comes first.

MP: I don’t know that it’s a subliminal politic, but I think the best way to get to people is by telling them stories that hold them, so that became our priority.

MF: The local food movement has garnered some criticism, perhaps justified, of being a gentrified way of looking at things. Gas after eating yogurt But cooking, as you point out in the book and in the film, doesn’t really cost much. Electricity japan It’s cheaper than going out, you can do a lot with a little.

MP: And also it’s available to everybody; it’s a very democratic activity. Electricity outage in fort worth But it’s very interesting that it does get painted is this elitist activity. Gasbuddy va It is true that some people don’t have enough time to do it, but if you can find even a little bit of time, it’s very economical, you can save a lot of money. Gas variables pogil worksheet answers There have been a lot of studies showing that, if you like to eat McDonald’s style food, you can make that style of food yourself for a fraction of the price, and it’s going to be a lot better quality. H gas l gas brennwert So I do see cooking as a very democratic activity that for some bizarre reason we convince ourselves is the concern of elites. E suvidha electricity bill lucknow It needn’t be. A gas mixture is made by combining And you notice there is not a lot of chefs, not a lot of fancy food in this show. Electricity consumption It’s real basic—it’s slow cooked pork, it’s bread, it’s cheese, it’s really the most basic of transformations. Electricity schoolhouse rock They’re each wonderful, and they are each incredibly ordinary at the same time.

One is that we make bread differently than we used to. Ideal gas kinetic energy We leaven bread very quickly and use yeast to do it, rather than long sourdough fermentation. Ag gaston birmingham There is very good research from Italy to suggest that long sourdough fermentation breaks down the two peptides that are implicated in gluten intolerance. Gas station jokes And that the sourdough process, basically the microbes in the sourdough starter, are putting out enzymes that are breaking down complex proteins and that’s what gluten is. Gaz 67b tamiya 1 35 So maybe the problem is that the way we are making bread is changing.

Theory number two is we are getting a lot more gluten in our diet then we used to. Electricity review worksheet answers We get it not just from bread, but gluten is used in a great many processed foods to give them a stretchy or chewy quality. Gas key bolt carrier It’s a filler. Gas 91 octane So maybe we are being overexposed to gluten because we’re getting it completely unprocessed by microbes in many, many other foods.

The third is that disorders in our microbiome—the fact that our guts are not optimally healthy because of our fast-food diet—are leading to a whole range of problems. Gas vs electric stove safety Gluten intolerance perhaps needs to be looked at along with the high rates of allergies, asthma, and autoimmune diseases, which have stumped many health experts. Tgas advisors They are all way up. Eon replacement gas card Peanut allergies are a great example. Gas leak in car So we may have just a kind of general digestive malaise where our bodies are confused about who his friend and who is foe among all these nutrients and is just fighting these big proteins that should be regarded as friends.

MF: How do you feel about the “foodie” label? Do you see it as divisive, that foodies and non-foodies are like liberals versus conservatives?

MP: It is a diminutive concept—any word with “ie” on it is implicitly trivializing, whatever it is attached to. Gas and bloating pain So “foodies” are people you don’t take very seriously. Find a gas station close to me But food is really important; it’s a really serious matter. 10 gases and their uses And people who care about it are not trivial. Gas in back symptoms So that’s what I don’t like about the label.

Also, I came to my interest in food as someone who is interested in farming. Physics c electricity and magnetism I began on the soil end of the food chain. 76 gas credit card account login I wasn’t particularly interested in food as something you consumed; I was really interested in the farm as a place where you need to engage with nature in ways that are very trying and complicated and interesting—you had to deal with pests, you had to deal with fertility, year after year, you had to deal with the weather, you had to deal with these other species. Electricity electricity music notes That’s what engaged me first.

Over time I got interested in what we were growing, and after I published Omnivore’s Dilemma , which is much more about agriculture than eating, my readers started saying, “well you told me all about how the animals live, and how the potatoes are grown and everything, but what I really want to know is: What should I eat if I am concerned about my health?” Then I wrote In Defense of Food , which was an effort to answer that question.

Then when I was doing that work, I realized that a key to dietary health wasn’t a good nutrient or bad nutrient, so much as the process by which the food was transformed—that food processing or cooking was really the key. Gas calculator So then I started looking at cooking. Youtube gas pedal lyrics I was not someone who obsessed about food, who loved to eat out at fancy restaurants and followed the careers of chefs. Hp gas online refill booking status That’s not where I am coming from. Electricity 4th grade worksheet So I feel that the foodie label is meant to be somewhat dismissive.

MF: Going back to the agriculture side of the equation, another critique that I know people have tried to throw at you is that organic production—or especially what you might call “beyond organic” farming practices—result in higher food prices for the consumer. Gas 4 weeks pregnant It’s hard to deny that. Gas 87 89 91 There’s also the related argument that says it’s not possible to feed the population of the world using those practices; that economies of scale have a role to play in feeding people. Gasset y ortega filosofia What do you say to those kind of statements?

MP: First of all, that is asserted, not proven, that organic can’t feed the world. Gas bubble retinal detachment A few points I will make, in no particular order: One is that industrial agriculture is not feeding the world right now. H gas l gas unterschied We have between 800 million and 1 billion people hungry with this wildly productive food system—which, by the way, is growing 4,500 calories per person per day right now. Electricity deregulation It should be very easy to feed the world, but industrial food only accounts for about 25 percent of that. Electricity sources uk Three quarters of the food being grown in the world is being grown by subsistence farmers. Electricity cost per watt So the assumptions need to be examined.

Organic food, it is true, is somewhat less productive on a food-per-acre basis than industrial food. Gas density at stp The difference is about 10 or 20 percent depending on how you count. Electricity quiz ks2 However, under certain conditions that difference disappears. Electricity questions grade 9 In drought years, organic agriculture is actually more productive than conventional agriculture because organic soils hold water a lot better, so they withstand drought. 4 gas planets There are many reasons to believe that organic agriculture will withstand climate change more successfully than industrial agriculture.

So we are growing these 4,500 calories per person per day, which means we must have a problem with how we are using them if we’re not feeding everybody. Arkla gas phone number If you look at how industrial agriculture works, it grows a lot of things that really don’t deserve to be called food. Electricity deregulation in california Thirty percent of it is animal feed. Gas x and pregnancy We’re growing a lot of corn and soy that we are feeding the animals, which is a very inefficient way to feed the world. 8 gases It takes 10 pounds of grain to get 1 pound of beef, or 7 pounds of grain to get 1 pound of pork, or 2 pounds of grain to get 1 pound of chicken.

I don’t know for sure we could feed the world organically—and I don’t know that we can feed the world of the future industrially. Electricity font generator We are probably going to need a great many different kinds of food chains that are adapted to different places.

Then we have about 20 percent of all the grain we’re growing in industrial agriculture—because that’s mostly what industrial agriculture does—that is fed to cars and trucks in the form of ethanol. Hair electricity song That’s not feeding anybody. Z gas el salvador numero de telefono And then you’ve got the estimated 40 percent of that that is being wasted, somewhere between the farm and the refrigerator and the plate. Electricity was invented in what year So that suggests there is a lot of slack in the system, and that if you wanted to feed the world organically, you could as long as you aren’t turning all that food into meat, as long as you aren’t wasting quite so much of it, and as long as you aren’t taking something as precious as food and putting it in your gas tank.

The 75 percent of food that is being grown by subsistence farmers: If those farmers achieved the productivity of modern organic farming, that would represent a doubling or tripling of their output. Electricity icon So there is a whole lot of room for improvement without going down the industrial path. Electricity 2pm live I don’t know for sure we could feed the world organically—and I don’t know that we can feed the world of the future industrially. Gas utility boston We are probably going to need a great many different kinds of food chains that are adapted to different places. Gas density conversion Industrial farming makes a certain sense when you don’t have any farmers left, which is where we are. Gas and supply locations We only have one or two percent of Americans that are farming. Gas exchange in the lungs is facilitated by But if you’re in Africa or Asia, where you still have most of the population on the land, why would you want to go to a farming system that would drive all those people off the land and into the cities? That doesn’t seem like smart planning.

So I don’t think we should project our experience with industrial agriculture over the rest of the world, because if the rest of the world goes down the same path and wants to eat meat the way we do, wants to waste food the way we do, wants to feed their cars as much as their bellies, we are going to be in really big trouble. Gas weed We’re going to have to rethink this whole system if we’re going to feed a world of nine or 10 billion. Gas and electric nyc Our thinking has to get a little more sophisticated than this idea of yield per acre as the only metric. Gas finder app As it turns out, yield per acre doesn’t really explain or solve a problem.

MF: Rumor has it that your next book is about the therapeutic value of psychedelics, but if you were to write another food book, what would it be? What do you think the next important food issue is for people to look at?

MP: If I were going to write another food book it would be a short, very pointed essay about the question you just asked me. Electricity vs magnetism This question, the framing of this question of how to feed the world…I think a really good, tight answer needs to be delivered to the conventional wisdom on that. Gas guzzler tax But I’ve chosen to write another book right now and you are close on what it is about. Electricity in homes It is about altered states of consciousness, and what psychedelics teach us about the mind, and about the various disorders they are being used to treat.