Gravidity and parity – wikipedia electricity problem in up


In biology, the term gravid ( Latin: gravidus burdened, heavy [5]) is used to describe the condition of an animal (most commonly fish or reptiles) when carrying eggs internally. For example, Astatotilapia burtoni all 4 gas giants names females can transform between reproductive states, one of which is gravid, and the other non-gravid. In entomology it describes a mated female insect.

A woman electricity videos for 4th grade who has never carried a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is nulliparous, and is called a nullipara or para 0. [6] A woman who has given birth once before is primiparous, and is referred to as a primipara or primip; moreover, a woman who has given birth two or more times is multiparous and is called a multip.. Finally, grand multipara describes the condition of having given birth five or more times. [7]

In agriculture, parity is a factor in productivity in domestic animals kept 5 gases emitted from the exhaust pipe for milk production. Animals that have given birth once are described as primiparous; those that have given birth more than once are described as pluriparous. [8] [9] Those that have given birth twice electricity sources uk may also be described as secondiparous, in which case pluriparous is applied to those that have given birth three times or more.

Prolonged nulliparity ( / ˌ n ʌ l ɪ ˈ p ær ɪ t i/) is a risk factor for breast cancer. For instance, a meta-analysis of 8 population-based studies z gas tecate in the Nordic countries found that never giving birth was associated with a 30% increase in risk of breast cancer compared with women who have given birth, and for every 2 births, the risk was reduced by about 16%. Women having their first birth after the age of 35 years had a 40% increased risk compared to those with a first gas laws birth before the age of 20 years. [10] Recording systems [ edit ]

• The gravida/para/abortus (GPA) system, or sometimes just gravida/para (GP), is one such shorthand. [ citation needed] For example, when recording gas zone edenvale the history of a woman who has had two pregnancies (both of which resulted in live births), it would be noted as G 2P 2. The obstetric electricity measurements units history of a woman who has had four pregnancies, one of which was a miscarriage before 20 weeks, would be noted as G 4P 3A 1 (in the UK this is written as G 4P 3+ 1). That of a woman who has had one pregnancy of twins with successful outcomes would be noted as G 1P 1. [11]

• TPAL is one of the methods to provide a quick overview of a female’s obstetric history. [12] In TPAL, the T refers to term what are the 4 gas giants in the solar system births (after 37 weeks’ gestation), the P refers to premature births, the A refers to abortions, and the L refers to living children power outage houston zip code. [13] When reported, the abortions number refers to the total number of spontaneous or induced abortions and miscarriages, except ectopic pregnancies, prior to 20 weeks. If a fetus is aborted after 20 weeks, spontaneously or electively, then it is counted as a premature birth and P will increase but electricity origin L will not. [ citation needed] The TPAL is described by numbers separated by hyphens. Multiple births ( twins, triplets and higher multiples) count as one pregnancy (gravidity), but each child born during that pregnancy is counted separately. For example, a pregnant woman who carried one pregnancy to term with a surviving infant; carried one pregnancy gas monkey monster truck hellcat to 35 weeks with surviving twins; carried one pregnancy to 9 weeks as an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy; and has three living children would have a TPAL annotation of T1, P2, A1, L3. This could also be written as 1-2-1-3.

• The term GTPAL is used when the TPAL is prefixed with gravidity, and GTPALM when GTPAL is followed by number of multiple pregnancies. [13] For example, gravidity and parity of a woman who has given electricity generation by source by state birth at term once and has had one miscarriage at 12 weeks would be recorded electricity video bill nye as G2 T1 P0 A1 L1. This notation is not standardized and can lead to misinterpretations. [6]

Though similar, GPA should not be confused with the TPAL system, the latter of which may be used to provide information about the number of miscarriages, preterm births, and electricity 2014 live births by dropping the A from GPA and including four separate numbers after the P, as in G 5P 3114. This TPAL form indicates five pregnancies, with three term births, one preterm birth, one induced abortion or miscarriage, and four living children. [14] Criticism [ edit ]