Great lakes plethora the africa’s agenda 2063 – great lakes plethora o gastro


Agenda 2063 is the African vision and commitment to a shared strategic framework for inclusive growth and sustainable development, and a global strategy to optimize the use of Africa’s resources for the benefit of all Africans. Agenda 2063 was the result of the 2013 African Union Summit. It is a reflection on the progress made since the creation of Organization for African Unity (now the African Union), and it is the framework for the next fifty years to 2063. Agenda 2063 has been hailed as the complete collection of various preceding endeavors, notably the Abuja Treaty, Lagos Plan of Action, and the African Charter on Democracy, necessary for the continent to reach the political, social and economic transformation it wants.

When most of the African nations gained independence in the early 1960s, the Organization for African Unity was founded with 31 initial members. Its objectives were the liberation of the African continent from the colonial powers and the establishment of an Africa led by its people. ortega y gasset obras completas In the next 50 years, all 54 countries gained independence and apartheid was abolished in South Africa. Different programs and initiatives were undertaken to develop the African countries. However, as seen today, most of the continent’s population is still poor and shattered by conflict and humanitarian problems such as diseases, malnutrition and famine. Therefore, Agenda 2063 has been built with consideration of past successes and failures, and with an eye toward a more independent Africa in the year 2063. It contains seven main themes called “Aspirations,” of which the first three are analyzed in this article.

The Agenda 2063’s seven aspirations deal with the greatest issues and challenges the continent is facing. Each aspiration has specific objectives that detail the path the continent wants to follow. These aspirations and objectives are in line with the Global Sustainable Development Goals, and the African Union believes that they will deal with specific needs of the African people.

The first aspiration considers a prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development. This aspiration works toward the eradication of poverty in a single generation and the creation of a high standard of living for the African people. It also asserts that Africans will be well educated so that the continent has the skilled workforce it needs. t gas terengganu Urban planning and proper settlement as the population rises, as well as the integration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in every African’s life are among the promises of this aspiration. Modern agriculture will replace hand-hoe agriculture by 2025 to increase productivity and production, thus fueling a well-structured economy that gives opportunity to everyone. Africa wants also to conserve its natural and environmental heritage as it develops. Africa will use technology and science to properly manage its marine and aquatic resources as one of the major contributors to its economic transformation. All of this will make Africans – a people with globally competitive life quality measures, as well as having a collective GDP – proportional to its share of the world’s population. The continent will also strengthen its efforts to fight and adapt to climate change.

Looking at the past two decades, Africa has made progress to efficiently elevate its people’s living standards. gas ark For example, the life expectancy in 37 African countries rose 10% between 2000 and 2014 to an average of 60 years, according to the World Bank. This analysis refers to health reforms such as the management of the HIV/AIDS pandemic (which significantly declined life expectancy in the 1990s), and certain advances in socio-economic aspects (like increased access to electricity, water, and other essential infrastructures) as primary causes for improvements.

On the other hand, the most pressing question moving forward is how to avoid repeating the same mistakes from the past. g gas lol Many people feel skeptical and overwhelmed by the task of continental progression. For instance, Africa’s literacy rate is the worst in the world. The continent holds 10 out of the 11 least literate countries in the world. The continent must move forward in leaps and bounds and it feels like any plan could backfire. The African population is expected to double in 2050, yet few countries have clear urban planning strategies even though urbanization will be the drive to this population surge.

Modernization of agriculture, which is greatly needed because of climate change and huge population growth, is progressing slowly. It is hard for any onlooker to believe that Africans will not be using hand-hoes in just seven years. It is also a great challenge to use more efficiently the aquatic and land minerals, thus elevating Africa’s total GDP share in the world from 3% to 30% in 2063.

The second aspiration envisages “an integrated continent, politically united, based on the ideals of pan-Africanism and the vision of Africa’s renaissance”. It calls for a united African voice and political will to promote its interest globally and combat its internal problems. gas oil ratio formula The remnants of colonialism will be ousted and all territories will be sovereign and self-determinant by 2020. The continent shall be independent and self-reliant in every form, with strengthened solidarity and integrated structure that links it to its diaspora. Africa will see the end of every form of discrimination, being racial, gender or ethnic. This aspiration envisions an Africa with free movement of people, capital, goods and businesses leading to increased intra-continental trade and investment from 12% in 2013 to 50% by 2045.This increased trade between nations will push to a politically united and integrated continent with a fair share of global trade of 12% up from 2%. Intercontinental rails and high-speed trains, pipelines for gas and oil, and broadband connectivity cables to transform the continent into a seemingly one village will be heavily funded.

We are seeing regions of Africa, such as the East African Community, become more unified under one common market, one visa, one airspace and efforts to introduce a single currency. As other regions follow this trend, they will serve as building blocks to a continental government. Recent political transition, such as the Arab Spring, the fall of Yahya Jammeh and the resignation of Robert Mugabe, have created a sense of political leadership that is centered on the people. The new leadership has removed, to some extent, the influence of western powers over these countries. These countries can now build more profitable relationships with their neighbors as they are more focused on promoting their population’s wellbeing, rather than satisfying the western countries’ demands.

On the other hand, Africa is still hugely influenced by western countries, such as France, England, Belgium and the USA. These countries still subtly determine what happens in certain regions of Africa through development aid or overseas development assistance (ODA). ODA is becoming scarcer and that in itself poses a threat to achieving certain goals in the Agenda 2063. Projects such as pipelines and high-speed trains, which require heavy investment, are hard to implement as many countries rely almost exclusively on foreign aid for development.

Another issue is the increasing division and lassie-faire attitude of African leaders who agree on plans they will not put into action. gas bijoux soho A clear example is the 2014 AU resolution 275 on the protection against violence and rights violations on the basis of real or imputed sexual orientation or gender identity. Some countries such as Uganda, Zimbabwe and Nigeria later strongly rebuked rights of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning answer key The absence of the political will of African countries to operate together and cooperate makes them weaker in international trade and also impedes the rise of the African voice. The continent neeeds to overcome these regional and international differences and learn to work to advance the continent.

Furthermore, Africa in its third aspiration, wants to build “an Africa of good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, justice and the rule of law”. This aspiration looks at an Africa where democracy is a culture, and human rights principles are respected everywhere. It also extends to a well governed Africa, where corruption and impunity are things of the past, courts are accessible and provide fair jurisdictions, and government institutions are at the service of the people, functioning in accordance to merit and rule of law.

Since the 1990s there have been reforms in many African countries, especially those which were French colonies, to allow many political parties to operate in their countries. These reforms paved the way for democratic elections, and democratic institutions rather than authoritative powers which were predominant since independence. Though the path has not been straight, but the changes in the past 25 years amounting to the events in the past and current years are proof that democracy can be done in Africa. These reforms also introduced the rule of law and ensured that people who committed crimes can be prosecuted.

The 2026 corruption perception index released by Transparency International found that at least 9 African countries are ranked in the top 75 countries out of 176, and countries like Botswana, Mauritius and Rwanda are in the top 50, which means that if these countries could do it, it is likely that others can replicate them as well. In a different view, this third aspiration might be the hardest to deliver. Looking across the continent, it is hard to identify a single country that has not been affected by corruption, bad governance, impunity or favoritism. And while the Agenda 2063 was laid out three years ago, many countries, if not all of them, have hardly moved a centimeter to assuring the achievement of the third aspiration.

Corruption has infiltrated many countries to the core such that it would be hard to live there if you do not practice it. Independent judicial institutions are simply dreams for most countries as lawyers are easily corrupted with money, and have a great lean toward the government. Though the issue of women involvement is being tackled in some countries, the majority of countries do not have a clear policy to allow women and the youth to engage more in their countries’ political affairs.

To conclude, though there have been positive exceptions across the continent in the past fifty years since independence; some pessimists see no miracle nor difference in the Agenda 2063, Africa has committed itself to in the following fifty years. gas zauberberg 1 On the other hand, others argue that the continent has learnt, suffered and endured enough from its past, and now is the perfect time to change the course of history and believe that the Agenda 2063 is the key. They claim that the positive spirit around it, great commitment along with political will as well as the emerging pan-African movement, will sail the continent to a better place. This better place might be a little less than what was targeted because of undeniable gigantic challenges ahead, but the majority of the goals will be achieved.