Higher education after the war moremeansbetter electricity news in nigeria


The scale of the impact of the First World War is hard for us to imagine. electricity 101 For a higher education perspective, I do recommend a look at both Tomás Irish ‘The University at War, 1914-25, Britain, France and the United States’ and John Taylor ‘The Impact of the First World War on British Universities : Emerging from the Shadows’. Both explore both what happened during but also the impact after the war.

But both Irish and Taylor foreground the destruction of the University library of Louvain on 25 August 2014 as the moment that brought the war into sharp relief for higher education, as Irish says, ‘the images of the burnt-out shell of the university library demonstrated that universities were on the front line; knowledge was literally at war’ (2015: pp15-16)

The next key impact was the mobilisation of men in particular to join the forces. gas works park events Lord Haldane had been instrumental in setting up Officer Training Corps (OTC) in universities and alumni and students were therefore already in a large potential reserve force. Military Studies had been included in the curriculum, Manchester noting it was ‘adapted to the requirements of officers and others interested in military history’ (Manchester 1908 p179) In the Autumn of 1914, it was the declining numbers of students which showed the growing number participating joining the services.

The editors note that the university made other contributions, through science and the use of university facilities, but the sombre volume records the enormity of the contribution made by members of the university. Here are list their university details, their service and honours and, regularly through the pages, the names of those who lost their lives picked out in heavy type. electricity worksheets for 4th grade Those scant details have now been taken forward by many of the colleges who offer insights into the lives of those commemorated on the memorials, with webpages and social media highlighting that personal contribution.

As in the previous year, the ordinary research work of the Scientific Departments has been abandoned, and they have devoted themselves to special service, both advisory and experimental, in connection with the War… In his capacity as a member of the Board on Inventions and Research for the Admiralty, Professor Sir Ernest Rutherford has made special investigations in the Physics laboratory on problems connected with that Board. (Manchester, 1917)

Amongst his other projects, Rutherford had worked out the principles for sonar. electricity transformer health risks Some of the tasks undertaken were as fundamental, but less high profile: W H Perkin, Waynflette Professor of Chemistry ‘led small teams working on making acetone from alcohol, on a non-inflammable rubber coating for airships and on mustard gas’ (Morrell, 1997 p8). When the king visited the University of Leeds he was shown the chemistry laboratories, but also the textiles and leather departments working to enhance soldiers’ equipment.

Taylor provides a full account of the minutes of a deputation to the government held two weeks after the armistice (I’ve previously written a shorter version). electricity bill calculator It’s an extraordinary account of how universities say what they had contributed, and the opportunities that lay ahead. The education minister, HAL Fisher (who’d been a vice-chancellor until 1916) was among the members of government responding, and he was formative in chartering the passage towards regular state funding through the UGC.

Yet I believe that, when the history of our English education comes to be written, no single step will be found to have contributed more effectively to the spread of the university idea through England than the decision of the Government in 1918 to allot eight millions to enable ex-Service men to enjoy the privileges of university education… I am in a position to affirm that this large body of students was drawn almost exclusively from families to whom the notion of a university career for one of their numbers would have seemed up to that time foreign, if not fantastic. (Fisher, 1940, p114)

Students the world over have a common bond in the great, universal asset – Knowledge. Of all Internationals, Knowledge in its widest sense is the greatest. ortega y gasset revolt of the masses Every gain in the field of Knowledge is a profit to Humanity. gas meter car Success is achieved not at the expense of our neighbour, but to his advantage. Hitherto the intellect and learning in our Universities has held itself too much aloof from the everyday life of the nation. It is time that the spirit of Team-work, which permeates every phase of our University life, was introduced into the affairs of Nations. eon gas card top up If the students are co-operating to-day, surely there is hope for to-morrow! (Macadam, 1922)