How down syndrome is treated arkansas gas prices


It would be impossible to list all the possible problems that might require such procedures or interventions since the health and medical challenges caused by Down syndrome vary so widely among individuals, but these are some of the more common ones:

Certain birth defects are common in babies with Down syndrome. One of these is an atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), in which a hole in the heart interferes with normal blood flow. An AVSD is treated surgically by patching the hole and, if necessary, repairing any valves in the heart that may not close completely. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), even with surgery, there can be lifelong complications from AVSD, including a leaky mitral valve, which can cause the heart to work harder than normal.

Some babies with Down syndrome are born with a deformity of the duodenum (a tube that allows digested food to pass from the stomach into the small bowel) called duodenal atresia. It requires surgery to be repaired but isn’t considered an emergency if there are other more pressing medical issues. Duodenal atresia can be dealt with temporarily with a tube placed to decompress swelling in the stomach and intravenous fluids to treat dehydration and electrolyte imbalances that often result from the condition.

The sooner children with Down syndrome receive the individualized care and attention they need to address their specific health and developmental issues, the more likely they are to reach their full potential. The first three years of life are especially crucial (not only for children with Down syndrome but for all kids). Therefore, according to a mandate by a federal law called the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), all children born with Down syndrome should receive early intervention beginning as soon after birth as possible.

Early intervention, according to the NDSS, is a "systematic program of therapy, exercises, and activities designed to address developmental delays that may be experienced by children with Down syndrome or other disabilities" ​ Early intervention typically includes these three types of therapy:

• Physical therapy. Most babies with Down syndrome have hypotonia (low muscle tone) that can slow their physical development and, if not treated, lead to problems such as bad posture later in life. Physical therapy can help them to develop muscle tone and strength, and also teach them how to move their bodies in appropriate ways.

• Speech therapy. Children with Down syndrome often have small mouths and slightly enlarged tongues—features that can make it hard for them to speak clearly. These problems can be made worse in children with hypotonia because low muscle tone can affect the face. Hearing loss also can affect speech development. With speech therapy, a child with Down syndrome can learn how to overcome these obstacles and learn to communicate more clearly. Some kids also benefit from learning and using sign language.

• Occupational therapy. This type of therapy helps children develop the skills they’ll need to be as independent as possible—from learning to pick up and let go of toys, stacking blocks, and turning knobs and pushing buttons to feeding and dressing themselves.

The goal of this multifaceted approach to treating Down syndrome is to help people with the disorder successfully make the transition from living with their families as children to living independently as independently as possible as adults (which may mean living in a group home or sharing a home with other people with Down syndrome).

It’s important to mention too that aging brings the same set of challenges for people with Down syndrome as for everyone else, including increased risk of conditions such as depression and Alzheimer’s disease. The treatment is similar, too. One difference for caregivers and even doctors, however, may be that it can be harder to notice the onset of these types of conditions in someone who has trouble communicating clearly about what he or she is feeling. Caregivers and doctors should be alert for signs that older people with Down syndrome may be developing additional disorders.