How strong social networks can help migrants manage health risks better _ mg africa

In Ghana, inter-regional movement is a major contributor to where people live , with over 50% of the population living outside the villages they were born in.

Previous research shows that the greater Accra region attracts the largest number of migrants by far. Electricity transformer health risks The general trend is that people move from the less economically endowed locations in the northern regions to find work in the relatively richer south.

Many of these migrants end up in poor neighbourhoods in the city’s urban centres because they cannot afford rents in better residential areas. Electricity words On the margins of society, the poor conditions they live in make them susceptible to environmentally induced diseases such as malaria, cholera and typhoid.

To evaluate the health of migrants, research has traditionally mainly focused on geography, sexual ill health, the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, the environment, wealth, income and health factors.

The research shows that rural migrants and residents in poor communities have a higher burden of sexual ill health and suffer from both infectious and non-communicable diseases. Gas definition science These are also the major causes of death and disability.

In our study we expanded the lens to understand patterns of disease by looking at lifestyle factors as well as social factors. 1 unit electricity cost in tamilnadu These included how long migrants stayed in a place, what job they had, how religious they were and how often they ate “street meals”.

What our research points to is that a systematic policy framework to promote the active creation of social networks – at formal and informal workplaces and at places where people congregate for recreation or for worship – would make a dramatic difference in helping migrants better manage their health. Electricity trading jobs The factors that affect migrants’ health

Researchers have traditionally used a set of social factors that look at migrants’ disease patterns to determine their health status. La gas prices average These have included living and working conditions, family wealth, health literacy, education, employment and the degree of autonomy in jobs, the quality of housing, ethnicity, and gender.

Environment factors also come into play. Electricity trading hedge funds These include the quality of food and water, air and soil. V gashi 2013 For example, diseases thrive in areas where migrants live in degraded, overcrowded environments with poor sanitation. Electricity billy elliot broadway Overcrowding increases the risk and spread of respiratory diseases. Electricity definition science This becomes worse when too many people use charcoal and firewood as cooking fuels.

Urbanisation dramatically affects social relationships. Electricity resistance questions For example, traditional lifestyles of family cooking and the sharing of home-cooked food are replaced by out-of-home “street meals”. Z gas el salvador This has led to an increase in lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and associated risk factors like obesity, high blood pressure, cholera and other diarrhoeal disease epidemics.

We found that socio-demographic factors, individual lifestyles and the type of resources migrants could access through their social networks all played a part in how healthy, or not, they were.

Migrants face multiple health challenges. Electricity symbols and units Hazardous working and poor living conditions as well as the fact that they have moved to new and unfamiliar terrain also play a part. B games car For example, we found that migrants who had lived in the neighbourhood longer were more likely to have a better health status than those who had migrated recently.

The jobs they do also affect their health. Electricity sources in canada Those employed in jobs involving physical activity such as masonry, welding and carpentry were more likely to say they were healthy compared to those who provided services, such as seamstresses, nurses and drivers. Gas zone Migrants involved in sales such as trading, food vending and fish mongering also did not rate their health highly.

The association between poor migrants’ lifestyles and their health in poor urban neighbourhoods as well as how social capital mediates that association has been a largely neglected area of research.

Previous research in Accra on poverty and health has largely focused on the spatial distribution of inequalities in health. V gashi 2015 It has shown that there is an uneven distribution of diseases with some places having a higher prevalence of certain diseases than others.

But we found that those who felt that they had enough information on how to live successfully – including how to access health care from the host population in Jamestown – had a more positive outlook on their health. Gas ark This confirms earlier research that social capital at the individual and interpersonal level is a major source for passing on information as well as a predictor of health.

This study is important because it provides some of the answers about existing health differentials for people living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods and points out some of the contributions that lifestyles can make. Pictures electricity pylons The findings have implications for policy. Electricity outage houston tx They can also help design improvements in areas of community health insurance schemes, strengthening community health care systems, and promoting communal and family support systems that are falling apart. O gastronomo buffet Information and education are key

As things stand, people who don’t get adequate information about health issues often resort to cheaper herbal medicines and unauthorised conventional medicines that are less effective in controlling diseases such as malaria, TB, cholera and even obesity. Electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning 9th edition pdf This not only endangers migrants’ health: it can also contribute to drug resistance.

Of course, health facilities should be improved so that migrants have access to affordable health services. Gas dryer vs electric dryer hookups Currently many have little or no access.

But the research highlights the need for intervention at a much more granular level. Electricity laws in india It shows that there is an urgent need for strong policies to support informal health education, health literacy and counselling to migrants as well as host populations about healthy living.

New policies should be developed to promote proactive social, familial and community support networks that facilitate better information about health. Ortega y gasset revolt of the masses This would include information about healthy living, good hygiene and responsible sexual behaviour.

Strong networks would help facilitate discussions among community members about ways to avoid health risks associated with lifestyles, poor sanitary conditions and unprotected sex. Z gas cd juarez They would provide the channels through which people could be armed with the necessary information to improve their lives, particularly their health. Gas smoker recipes This, then, would encourage them to take the necessary steps to avoid risks.