How to photograph the northern lights

The northern lights, also called the aurora borealis, are some of the most breathtaking natural displays in the world, offering views of shimmery illuminations that appear to dance across the sky. U save gas station grants pass The dramatic celestial display can generate some truly spectacular images, but what’s the best way to photograph the northern lights?

The northern lights occur when charged particles that originate from solar wind interact with elements in Earth’s atmosphere. Gas x ultra strength during pregnancy According to NASA, “the aurora is the only visible evidence that the sun and the Earth are a system connected by more than sunlight.”

But you don’t need much more than some basic camera equipment, a sense of adventure and a tolerance for cold to capture the celestial phenomenon. Gas x directions Dennis Mammana, an astronomy writer and expert aurora photographer, and Jim Henderson, who has photographed more than 300 aurora displays in northeast Scotland, gave Live Science some tips to snap a great shot. Electricity videos for 4th grade [ See Breathtaking Photos of the Northern Lights]

Frustrating though this may be, it’s the nature of the aurora. Electricity prices by country Photographing the northern lights means trying to capture a complex, dynamic and relatively finicky natural wonder, so there is no silver bullet, he said.

That’s why it’s crucial to have a camera that you can operate manually, as well as a tripod and spare batteries. Gas after eating eggs Batteries don’t tend to work well in the cold, and if you’re shooting the northern lights at night, chances are that temperatures will be low. Gas station in spanish Storing extra batteries in an inside pocket will help keep them warm should you need to change them out, Mammana said.

This photo is one of the first Henderson ever took of a display. Electricity font The clouds cleared just after midnight, making the stars and aurora visible. K electric bill He tackled a steep climb out of Glen Dye and scaled a rocky outcrop to nail the shot. F gas certification logo Date: September 1989

Another important thing to remember is that photographing the aurora requires trial and error. Electricity and magnetism study guide Henderson said his benchmark is a 20-second exposure at an ISO of 1600. Gas 85 vs 87 The length of an exposure corresponds to the shutter speed on the camera: the slower the shutter speed, the longer the exposure. Electricity inside human body ISO refers to the sensitivity of the photo cell in the camera. Electricity invented or discovered Henderson also typically sets his lens aperture, which measures how much light is let in, at f/2.8 to f/5.6.

“Experience has shown me that the best images are gained by some degree of ‘overexposure,’ so I tend not to use the camera’s Auto setting,” Henderson said. Gas pressure definition chemistry Slightly overexposing the images can make them appear more saturated and colorful, he added. Gas 2016 [ Northern Lights: 8 Dazzling Facts About Auroras]

The aurora mainly excites oxygen gas, which gives it a green color at low altitudes and a red color at higher altitudes. V gashi Nitrogen occasionally interacts with the aurora as well, which causes the purple hues in the celestial displays. Gas 6 weeks pregnant “Other colors appear visible to the human eye, such as white, bluish hues and yellow,” Henderson said. Emitra electricity bill payment “These are lesser display levels and are a function also of our eyesight, weather and atmospheric conditions at the time.”

Mammana works with a similar setup, with a high ISO (around 1600) and a wide-open aperture at f/2.8. Electricity flow chart Then, he’ll try a long exposure of about 15 seconds. Grade 9 static electricity test Next, he’ll check how the image turned out and make adjustments from there. Grade 9 electricity test questions This sort of instant feedback is why he prefers digital cameras to film, he added.

“Film takes time to absorb the image and do something with it, whereas digital is a linear response,” Mammana said. Gas definition chemistry With digital cameras, you also don’t have to wait for the photos to be developed.

If you do opt for film as your medium, you’ll want to ensure you have a fast film (around 1600 ISO), but those are becoming harder to find, Mammanasaid. Gas city indiana weather He has a film-specific tip: Get your negatives developed near where you shot the aurora so the photo professionals know what to expect. Gas oil If you don’t make it clear that you intend for the sky to appear multicolored, your photos might get color corrected, he said. Gas x user reviews [ Photo Future: 7 High-Tech Ways to Share Images]

Photoshop software for post-production: using the Levels Set White Point tool on the brightest star and then darkening the overall image will give a natural nighttime look

Aurora science is relatively new (research on these celestial displays has only been conducted for the past 100 years or so), and scientists are still puzzled by exactly how the lights move.

The “forms of display can be patching, patches of light, usually of a faint colour hue, pulsating as if being switched on and off; streaming or flaring where bright patches of light climb up the ray like a fuse burning; flaming with pulsating bands of light shooting upwards from the horizon into the upper atmosphere and even lightning flashes can be seen in the aftermath or proceeding a display similar to electric storms but without any thunder clap sounds,” Henderson told Live Science in an email.

Mammana speculated that the movement may have to do with the speed of the magnetic particles when they enter the atmosphere. Electricity in india But ultimately, their behavior is unpredictable. Electricity and magnetism study guide 8th grade When a “breakup” — a major aurora activity that begins as a small arc that eventually fractures across the sky — occurs, Mammana will often aim his camera and hold the shutter down, capturing 100 to 200 shots in a sequence. Gas tax deduction He’ll search back later and pick out images with the best composition, he said. Locate a gas station near me [ Aurora Photos: Northern Lights Dazzle in Night-Sky Images]

“Given the scale of aurora displays, a wide-angle lens is needed to capture its scale,” Henderson said. Electricity history He suggested focusing on the stars when using a lens like this, because setting a wide aperture can often lead to fuzzy, out-of-focus photos.

“In my early days, it was seat-of-the-pants — sit and wait on any clear, dark night and hope something happened,” Henderson said. Gas tax nj Now, websites such as Spaceweather.com make it possible to know a few days in advance the likelihood of a display, but nothing is guaranteed.

Mammana recalled one particular night in Fairbanks, Alaska, when no aurora activity was predicted but he decided to grab his camera and go out anyway. A gas is a form of matter that Even though there was absolutely no reason for the aurora to show, it exploded over his head, he said. Gastroenterology He was taken by such surprise that he didn’t even have his settings properly adjusted.