How to prepare your home for natural disasters expertise gas prices under a dollar

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Storm Surges: The greatest threat to human lives and to property happens during the hurricane’s surge, when ocean water pushed toward the cost by swirling winds combines with a rising tide. This combination can increase the water level as much as 30 feet. 2 There isn’t much in the way of home remodeling to prevent storm surges, but it’s important to understand the dangers of a surge.

High Winds: Hurricane and tropical storm winds can destroy buildings and cause catastrophic damage along coastlines and hundreds of miles inland. In addition to hurricane winds, tornadoes commonly form when tropical storms reach land. According to the National Oceanic Atmospheric Association, almost every tropical storm or hurricane that has come onshore in the U.S. has produced a tornado. These tornadoes often occur in thunderstorms within the storm’s spiral rainbands, far from the storm’s eye, and are very weak and short-lived. kd 7 electricity socks For home preparation tips for high winds and tornadoes, check out our Tornado Preparedness section within this resource.

Heavy Rainfall and Flooding: Tropical storms typically bring torrential downpours or more than 6 inches, which can cause deadly and destructive floods, especially in low-lying coastal areas. Flash flooding, a rapid rise in water levels, is a major thread for inland residents who may not have time to evacuate or prepare. Please refer to our Flood Preparedness section for more information on how to keep your home safe from flood risks. General Hurricane Preparation

Understand NWS vernacular: The National Weather Service issues hurricane watches and hurricane warnings. A watch lets you know to be on the look out for a potential hurricane. It is issued because the weather conditions are favorable for a hurricane to develop. A warning requires actions. It means that there is or will soon be a hurricane. 3

Check social media: If you don’t have a radio, social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are great ways to get the latest storm and emergency updates and communicate with friends or loved ones. In an emergency, a social media post may be your best method of contacting someone for help. You can also use others’ social media posts to better understand conditions in nearby areas.

Earthquakes cause over $4.4 billion in financial loss each year in the lower 48 states, and most of the costs incurred are in Washington, Oregon, and California. But recently, fracking in the Midwest and Southwest regions have increased the frequency of local earthquakes. When wastewater produced as a byproduct of fracking is sent thousands of feet into the ground, it can affect faults that have long been dormant. 4

Secure large furniture: Bolt tall bookshelves and media cabinets to the wall. In the event of an earthquake, the ground will shake and roll, potentially causing large furniture to fall over. You can also strap or bolt television sets to media consoles so they do not tip over. If you live in an area that is particularly prone to earthquakes, consider investing in some earthquake-proof furniture that is designed to withstand ceiling or building collapse.

Create an earthquake plan: Identify good places around your home to take cover such as sturdy desks and tables and interior door-frames. Decide on where your family will meet if people are away from home during an earthquake. rahal e gas card This place should be away from large buildings. Designate an out of town contact person for everyone to call and check in with. This person can help your family communicate in case you can’t reach each other due to loss of phone service. Be sure to have an updated first aid kit and some stored bottled water. Check expiration dates and replace as needed.

Prepare an earthquake emergency kit: Include a flashlight and extra batteries, a two-week supply of food and water, tools like wrenches, hammers, and crowbars to shut off gas lines, garbage bags, pet supplies, extra medicine, set of clothes for each family member, windup emergency radio, and cash (ATMs will likely be down). Check out FEMA’s Emergency Supply Checklist for more suggestions. What to Do During an Earthquake

Watch for falling objects: If possible, within the first few seconds of shaking, get away from objects like bookcases, china cabinets, or open kitchen cupboards that could topple over, or that contain glass items that may fall out. Also take care to keep yourself safe from fall bricks from chimneys or light fixtures that may detach from the ceiling.

One of the keys to tornado safety is knowing the difference between a tornado watch and tornado warning. A tornado watch means conditions are favorable for severe thunderstorms to form, or that there are active thunderstorms capable of producing a tornado. On the other hand, a tornado warning is much more urgent and severe. It means a tornado is imminent or has already formed, and you should immediately take cover.

Create an emergency plan: As is the case with most natural disaster, having an emergency kit with food, water, clothes, medicine, and pet supplies is important. So is creating a plan for family communication in case people are outside of the home when the tornado hits. It’s a good practice to designate someone who lives out of state as the family’s check-in person.

Create or identify a safe room: A safe room or wind shelter is a place where family members can seek refuge that offers more protection than other rooms in or around the home. Safe rooms below ground offer the most protection, but interior rooms on the first floor can work, too. Work with a contractor to determine if your safe room is anchored and to be sure the walls, ceiling, and door can withstand high winds

In the winter, snowstorms, blizzards, frost, freezing rain, and ice can wreak havoc on your home. The frigid temperatures, coupled with the loss of heat and power during winter weather occurrences, makes these natural disasters especially dangerous. Though winter weather itself doesn’t usually directly cause injury or death, traffic accidents, power outages, and hypothermia related to the effects of the storm can be deadly. 7

• Deep Frostbite: This is a life-threatening injury. At this stage, the skin turns white, blotchy, and/or blue. gas oil mix ratio chart Large blisters can form after rewarming, and the damaged area turns black and hard as the tissue dies. The tissue underneath the skin has been damaged, and can only be treated by a medical professional. In extreme cases, blood vessels can clot, causing irreversibly damaged tissue and loss of blood flow, and amputation is likely required.

Your body’s defense against the cold are very limited. If you are exposed to the cold for an extended period, the blood vessels in your skin constrict to reduce heat loss and to keep blood flowing to the vital organs. Shivering and increased release of hormones results in more heat produced, but this is usually insufficient to maintain your body’s temperature in cold environments. Thus, your best protection is to wear layered, warm clothing, and leave as little of your body exposed to the cold as possible.

A heat wave is defined as several days in a row of unusually high temperatures that can potentially harm humans. 16 Though it may not be thought of as a natural disaster risk, extreme heat was the leading cause of weather-related deaths from 2000-2009. 17 Children, the elderly, and people who work outdoors are most susceptible to heat-related illness, but anyone can fall victim to heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and heat cramps.

Invest in fans: Ceiling, window, and floor fans use up less energy than an AC unit and can provide relief from the heat. Fans don’t cool down rooms, but they help cool off people by evaporating sweat and moisture. If you have a health condition that requires cooler temperatures, make sure your window air conditioner is snugly fitted and airtight. If you have a Central AC unit, make sure your ventilation system is fully insulated. Source: https://19january2017snapshot.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-us-and-global-temperature_.html

Heat stroke is the most severe and deadly heat illness, and occurs when you are so hot and dehydrated you can’t sweat to cool their body. There may be sweat on your skin, but little or no new sweat is being produced. Other symptoms include unconsciousness, seizures, and delirium. Heat stroke a life-threatening emergency situation, and emergency medical services should be called immediately. In the meantime, cool off with ice packets, cold water, and fans.

The fastest way to cool yourself or someone else off is to target the body’s pulse points, such as your wrist and neck. gas refrigerator not cooling The reason you can feel your pulse at these spots is because blood vessels are very close to the skin’s surface. Because they are so close, you can quickly cool off by pouring water on these spots. Other pulse points include the insides of your elbows and knees, the tops of your feet, inner ankles, and your temples.

Landslides take place in every state in the U.S. The Appalachian, Rocky, and Pacific Coastal mountain ranges see the most severe landslides in the country, though any sloped area covered with rocks or other loose materials is at risk. Mudslides are typically caused by unusually heavy rainfall or a sudden thaw and result in similar fast-falling debris. Each year, landslides and mudslides cause about $1 billion in damage, between 25 and 50 deaths, and hundreds of injuries. 21 General Preparation Tips

Build walls: Retaining walls can help keep landslide debris from damaging your home. They can also help fortify the ground by resisting the lateral pressure from soil on a slope. Deflection walls can be built in areas where mudslides are an issue. These walls help direct the flow of mud around or away from buildings. What to Do During a Landslide or Mudslide

Though it’s loud and attention grabbing, thunder is not the real danger during a storm, lightning is. It’s one of the top three weather-related killers in the US, causing more than 50 deaths and hundreds of injuries each year. Those people who survive lightning strikes often suffer long-term effects such as burns, blindness, and brain damage.

Volcanic eruptions release hot gasses, ash, lava, and rock into the surrounding environment and up to 100 miles away. Volcanoes can also trigger mudslides and floods in nearby valleys. 23 If you live in an area with volcanic activity, such as Alaska, Hawaii, and the Pacific Northwest, you should be prepared by learning about your community’s warning systems. gas bubble in eye During a Volcano

• Senior citizens: If you are a senior citizen or you plan to care for someone who is elderly, be sure to understand discuss what will happen in case of a disaster. Friends, relatives, or neighbors who will assist you during an emergency need to know how to operate any special equipment you may require. In addition, your emergency kit should include extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, catheters, or any other applicable medical device. Be sure to give copies of make and model numbers of your medical devices to someone who lives out of state, so you can rely on them if needed.

• Pets: If you evacuate, do not leave your pets behind. They will likely not survive on their own and if they do, they may get lost and be unable to find their way home. Before an evacuation is necessary, discuss logistics with your local shelter. Many will not allow pets inside. Make a backup plan with out of town friends or relatives who would be willing to host you and your pets. Don’t forget pet supplies in your emergency kit.

Remember to listen to local authorities and evacuate when necessary. Though you don’t want to lose your home in the event of a natural disaster, it’s important that your first concern be your family and pets. By fortifying your home against natural disasters common to your area, you’re taking the best steps possible to ensure a positive outcome.