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There are four main sources for the commercial production of hydrogen: natural gas, oil, coal, and electrolysis; which account for 48%, 30% 18% and 4% of the world’s hydrogen production respectively. [5] Fossil fuels are the dominant source of industrial hydrogen. [6] Carbon dioxide can be separated from natural gas with a 60-70% efficiency for hydrogen production and from other hydrocarbons to varying degrees of efficiency. [7]Specifically, bulk hydrogen is usually produced by the steam reforming of methane or natural gas. [8] The production of hydrogen from natural gas is the cheapest source of hydrogen currently. mp electricity bill payment online indore This process consists of heating the gas in the presence of steam and a nickel catalyst. The resulting endothermic reaction breaks up the methane molecules and forms carbon monoxide CO and hydrogen H2. The carbon monoxide gas can then be passed with steam over iron oxide or other oxides and undergo a water gas shift reaction. This last reaction produces even more H2. gas chamber The downside to this process is that its major byproducts are CO, CO2 and other greenhouse gases. [5] Depending on the quality of the feedstock (natural gas, rich gases, naphtha, etc.), one ton of hydrogen produced will also produce 9 to 12 tons of CO2. [9]

If you were asked what the biggest change you expect to see in our rail network over the coming years, you might suggest HS2 or even Northern Powerhouse Rail. My answer would be hydrogen powered trains. static electricity definition physics They’re not only able to solve a number of technical issues facing the rail network, as well as reducing pollution, but they’re already in operation in Germany so they can be deployed much sooner than other major upgrades.

The North of England needs an immediate and positive step change in our rail network. static electricity zapper Northern Powerhouse Rail, formerly called HS3, will go a long way towards delivering this. It is, however, only part of the overall solution. electricity basics Cutting journey times across the Pennines is important for communities on both sides, but better connectivity within regions and on other routes between them is vital.

So far this all sounds fantastic, but hydrogen powered trains won’t save the environment all by themselves. Hydrogen rail will be most effective as part of a wider, national decarbonisation agenda. Given the Tees Valley already produces half of the UK’s commercially available hydrogen and are progressing a serious proposal to build the National Hydrogen Centre in our region, we are ideally situated to lead this.

In my region and many others, the industries that have sustained us for decades need to significantly reduce their CO2 output if they are to meet the environmental targets of the coming decades. The scale of the challenge we face in this area may seem daunting, but when seen in the context of the global opportunity of decarbonisation, the skills that will allow us to deliver one will let us benefit from the other.

The Government’s Industrial Strategy very rightly makes clean growth one of its Grand Challenges. f gas regulations ireland Embracing hydrogen rail, as well as hydrogen cars, busses and public service vehicles can directly add an important string to the bow of this strategy by changing UK industry for the better, as well as meeting it’s more general requirements for good, high-productivity jobs.

Discussions are ongoing on the potential for hydrogen trials by Northern in the Tees Valley, possibly in the next three to four years. This, in addition to the work we’re doing on other areas of our future Hydrogen Economy and the innovations made by companies like Alstom, show the progress we are making in the UK and worldwide. With the right support from Government, we can deliver real benefits for business and industry, but also in terms of our environmental impact and people’s quality of life.