I’ll think of something later snyder’s recent history inevitable v eternal + hope year 6 electricity assessment


Revelatory and gobsmacking to me was Putin’s manipulation of fascist ideology, starting with a ‘philosopher’ of whom I knew nothing, Ivan Ilyin. Lest one thinks this overstated, the quotations from Putin and Kremlin pundits show how it became state ideology. n game State scumbags’ laughable running-down of western countries as subject to Satanic gays and Jews, their fantasy of Eurasia with Moscow at its centre appealing to an imagined ‘primal Slavic experience’, would be funny if it hadn’t gone down well with the Russian people. And all this because Ukraine decided to throw in its lot with a properly European future.

One of Russia’s long-range bombers, a Tu-95 built to drop atomic bombs on the United States was renamed ‘Izborsk’ in honour of the club. In case anyone failed to notice this sign of Kremlin backing, Prokhanov [fascist novelist and Izborsk Club founder] was invited to fly in the cockpit of the aircraft. In the years to come, this and other Tu-95s would regularly approach the airspace of the member states of the European Union, forcing them to activate their air defence systems and to escort the approaching bomber away. c gastronomie limonest The Tu-95 ‘Izborsk’ would be used to bomb Syria in 2015, creating refugees who would flee to Europe.

Snyder doesn’t just state and imply, he can get very angry. In the fourth (Ukrainian) chapter, ‘Novelty or Eternity’, he paints such a moving picture of Ukrainians of all ages flocking to join the citizens of the Kyiv Maidan that I wish I’d gone out to witness this incredible event before the Kremlin triggered the massacre (that it was oddly reported in the UK press is explained later by Snyder). Then he unleashes his ire on the lie machine that would deny the achievement:

Russians, Europeans, and Americans were meant to forget the students who were beaten on a cold November night because they wanted a future. And the mothers and fathers and grandparents and veterans and workers who then came to the streets in defence of ‘our children’. gas quality comparison And the lawyers and consultants who found themselves throwing Molotov cocktails. The hundreds of thousands of people who broke themselves away from television and internet and who journeyed to Kyiv to put their bodies at risk. quadcopter gas motor The Ukrainian citizens who were not thinking of Russia or geopolitics or ideology but of the next generation. The young historian of the Holocaust, the sole supporter of his family, who went back to the Maidan during the sniper massacre to rescue a wounded man, or the university lecturer who took a sniper’s bullet to the skull that day.

Our great chronicler of conscience is also a master of coining the right phrase: ‘implausible deniability’ for the Kremlin’s lies (I remember the first time I realised that Putin was going to break all rules of international diplomacy, when in early 2014 he declared ‘we have no intention of rattling the sabre and sending troops to Crimea’, then did just that; ‘schizo-fascism’ (‘actual fascists calling their opponents fascists’); ‘cruci-fiction’ for Alexander Dugin’s outrageous lie about a three-year-old boy crucified by Ukrainian soldiers in Sloviansk, which drummed up volunteers to fight for Russia in eastern Ukraine from all over the former empire; ‘strategic relativism’ for faltering Russian state power trying to hold on by weakening others, the ‘winning’ of ‘a negative-sum game in international politics’; ‘sado-populist’ (‘a populist…is someone who proposes policies to increase opportunities for the masses, as opposed to the financial elites. Trump was something else: a sado-populist, whose policies were designed to hurt the most vulnerable part of his own electorate’).

David, you seem surprisingly ill informed about the original nature of the Maidan. It is true that it came about when, after talking to Putin, Yanukovych withdrew from signing an association agreement with the EU. gas prices in michigan Ukrainians saw this as a chance, at least, to favour the rule of law against corruption and chaos. As Snyder writer, ‘whatever the flaws of the Ukrainian political system, Ukrainians after 1991 had come to take for granted that political disputes would be settled without violence…Alongside the regularity of elections and the absence of war, the right to peaceful assembly was one way that Ukrainians distinguished their country from Russia. So it came as a shock when riot police attacked the protestors on the Maidan on November 30.’ For the rest, I advise you read Snyder’s Chapter Four.

Sue: absolutely right. gas 1940 As Snyder says before going on to reason why, ‘The Russian effort succeeded because the United States is much more like the Russian Federation than Americans like to think’. He starts by citing the collapse of local newspapers and the power of Facebook: ‘the interactivity of the internet creates an impression of mental effort while impediing reflection’. hp electricity bill payment online He then moves on to the NRA, inequality, oligarchical consolidation, the opioid nightmare. I do hope you’ll read it.