I18n tizen developers electricity symbols and meanings

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The Ucollator API (in mobile and wearable applications) performs locale-sensitive string comparison. It builds searching and sorting routines for natural language text and provides correct sorting orders for most supported locales. If specific data for a locale is not available, the order eventually falls back to the CLDR root sort order. The sorting order can be customized by providing your own set of rules. For more information, see the ICU Collation Customization section of the User Guide. Date Formats with Udate

The Udate API (in mobile and wearable applications) consists of functions that convert dates and times from their internal representations to textual form and back again in a language-independent manner. Converting from the internal representation (milliseconds since midnight, January 1, 1970) to text is known as formatting, and converting from text to milliseconds is known as parsing. Tizen currently defines only one concrete handle ( i18n_udate_format_h), which can handle practically all normal date formatting and parsing actions.

The date and time formats are specified by the date and time pattern strings. Within the date and time pattern strings, all unquoted ASCII letters (A-Z and a-z) are reserved as pattern letters representing calendar fields. The i18n_udate_format_h handle supports the date and time formatting algorithm and pattern letters defined by the Unicode Technical Standard #35, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML). It is further documented in the ICU User Guide. Date Format Patterns with Udatepg

The Udatepg API (in mobile and wearable applications) enables flexible generation of date format patterns, such as "yy-MM-dd". The user can build up the generator by adding successive patterns. After this, a query can be made using a pattern that includes only the desired fields and lengths. The generator returns the a pattern that is most similar to it.

The Ulocale API (in mobile and wearable applications) represents a specific geographical, political, or cultural region. Locale-sensitive operations use the Ulocale functions to tailor information for the user. electricity electricity schoolhouse rock For example, displaying a number is a locale-sensitive operation. The number must be formatted according to the customs and conventions of the user’s native country, region, or culture.

A valid ISO language code, ISO country code, and additional information on the variant. The variant codes are vendor and browser-specific. For example, use WIN for Windows, MAC for Macintosh, and POSIX for POSIX. Where there are two variants, separate them with an underscore, and put the most important one first. For example, a Traditional Spanish collation might be referenced, with ES, ES, Traditional_WIN.

The Unumber API (in mobile and wearable applications) helps you to format and parse numbers for any locale. Your code can be completely independent of the locale conventions for decimal points, thousands-separators, or even the particular decimal digits used, or whether the number format is even decimal. electricity electricity music notes There are different number format styles like decimal, currency, percent and spellout. Text Search with Usearch

The Usearch API (in mobile and wearable applications) provides language-sensitive text searching based on the comparison rules defined in a Ucollator data struct. This ensures that language eccentricity can be handled. For example, for the German collator, characters ß and SS are matched if case is chosen to be ignored. That is why it can be important to pass a locale when creating the usearch with the i18n_usearch_create_new() function. Character and String Management with Uset

• The operand function allows the caller to modify the value of the set. The operand function works similarly to the boolean logic: a boolean OR is implemented by add, a boolean AND is implemented by retain, a boolean XOR is implemented by a complement taking an argument, and a boolean NOT is implemented by a complement with no argument. In terms of traditional set theory function names, add is a union, retain is an intersection, remove is an asymmetric difference, and complement with no argument is a set complement with respect to the superset range MIN_VALUE-MAX_VALUE.

Patterns specify individual characters, ranges of characters, and Unicode property sets. When the elements are concatenated, they specify their union. To complement a set, place a ‘^’ immediately after the opening ‘[‘. Property patterns are inverted by modifying their delimiters, [:^foo] and \\P{foo}. In any other location, ‘^’ has no special meaning.

Ranges are indicated by placing a ‘-‘ between two characters, as in "a-z". This specifies the range of all characters from the left to the right, in Unicode order. If the left character is greater than or equal to the right character, it is a syntax error. If a ‘-‘ occurs as the first character after the opening ‘[‘ or ‘[^’, or if it occurs as the last character before the closing ‘]’, it is taken as a literal. This means that [a\-b], [-ab], and [ab-] all indicate the same set of 3 characters, ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘-‘.

Sets can be intersected using the ‘&’ operator or the asymmetric set difference can be taken using the ‘-‘ operator. For example, [[:L:]&[\\u0000-\\u0FFF]] indicates the set of all Unicode letters with values less than 4096. Operators (‘&’ and ‘|’) have equal precedence and bind left-to-right. This means that [[:L:]-[a-z]-[\\u0100-\\u01FF]] is equivalent to [[[:L:]-[a-z]]-[\\u0100-\\u01FF]]. This only really matters for difference; intersection is commutative.

The i18n uses 16-bit Unicode (UTF-16) in the form of arrays of i18n_uchar code units. power kinetic energy UTF-16 encodes each Unicode code point with either 1 or 2 i18n_uchar code units. This is the default form of Unicode, and a forward-compatible extension of the original, fixed-width form that was known as UCS-2. UTF-16 superseded UCS-2 with Unicode 2.0 in 1996.

Although UTF-16 is a variable-width encoding form, such as some legacy multi-byte encodings, it is much more efficient even for random access because the code unit values for single-unit characters versus lead units versus trail units are completely disjoint. This means that it is easy to determine character (code point) boundaries from random offsets in the string.

Unicode (UTF-16) string processing is optimized for the single-unit case. Although it is important to support supplementary characters, which use pairs of lead/trail code units called "surrogates", their occurrence is rare. Almost all characters in modern use require only a single i18n_uchar code unit (such as their code point values are <=0xffff). Character Set Mapping Tables

The Alphabetic Index API (in mobile and wearable applications) allows you to generate a list of alphabetical labels that can be used as an "index", such as in a UI. In other words, it is a list of clickable characters (or character sequences) that allow the user to see a segment (bucket) of a larger target list. Each label corresponds to a bucket in the target list, where all items in the bucket are greater than or equal to the selected character, based on the locale’s collation order. Strings added to the index are sorted and placed in order in the appropriate bucket.

The Alphabetic Index API also supports creating buckets for strings that are sorted before the first label (underflow), after the last label (overflow), and between scripts (inflow). For example, if an index is constructed with labels for Russian and for English characters, Greek characters can be placed in an inflow bucket between the other two scripts. gas vs electric oven efficiency Using Immutable Index

The immutable index API (in mobile and wearable applications) provides an immutable, thread-safe version of an alphabetic index. Immutable indices also allow random access to buckets. An immutable index is constructed using a regular alphabetic index. The immutable index contains similar data as the alphabetic index on which it is based, except for the data records. For more information on the creation and the basic usage of an immutable index, see example. Field Identification in Formatted Output

The field position within formatted output is tracked with two indices, which includes the indices of the first and the last characters of the field. Some formatting functions require a field position object as a parameter. These formatting functions can be used to perform partial formatting or retrieve information about formatted output, such as field positions. String Format Management

There are various conventions for binary datetime, depending on the platform and protocol. Some of these have severe drawbacks. For example, 32-bit Unix time (seconds since Jan 1, 1970) cannot support datetimes beyond the beginning of the year 2038. electricity prices going up Arithmetic manipulations can also cause serious problems. For example, when calculating the average of 2 datetimes, if you calculate them with average_time = (time1 + time2)/2, there can be overflow even with dates around the present. Additionally, there is the issue of converting between different systems.

ICU implements the .NET framework System.DateTime as the universal time scale ‘pivot’, and uses the full range allowed by the datatype, allowing for datetimes back to 29,000 BC and up to 29,000 AD. This time scale is very fine-grained, does not lose precision, and covers a range that meets most requirements. Using the Utmscale functions, datetimes can be converted to the pivot time scale, safely manipulated, and converted back to any other time scale. Pluralization Rule Creation

Rules are constructed from a text description consisting of a list of keywords and conditions. The i18n_plural_rules_select_int32() and i18n_plural_rules_select_double() functions examine each condition in order and return the keyword for the first condition that matches the given number. If no condition matches, the default rule (‘other’) is returned.

This example defines 2 rules: for ‘one’ and ‘few’. The condition for ‘one’ is "n is 1", which means that the number must be 1 for this condition to pass. The condition for ‘few’ is "n in 2..4", which means that the number must be between 2 and 4 inclusive for this condition to pass. All other numbers are assigned the keyword "other" by the default rule.

The current() and next() functions only check the current index against the limit, and the previous() function only checks the current index against the start, to see if the iterator has already reached the beginning of the iteration range. The assumption – in all iterators – is that the index is moved though the API, which means that it cannot go out of bounds, or that the index is modified though the application code by a developer who knows enough about the iterator implementation to set valid index values.

PluralFormat supports creation of locale-dependent messages with plural inflection. To enable plural formatting, you have to specify each message for every plural case that will be used, based on the desired language. Then, the PluralFormat module will select appropriate text based on the provided number. Issues of Plural Forms in Internationalized Messages

• It provides predefined plural rules for many languages. Thus, the programmer need not worry about the plural cases of a language and does not have to define the plural cases; they can simply use the predefined keywords. The whole plural formatting of messages can be done using localized patterns from resource bundles. For predefined plural rules, see Language Plural Rules.

In International Components for Unicode (ICU) there are six predefined keywords: zero, one, two, few, many and other. It is obligatory to define message text for the other keyword, which is included in every rule set. In case if you do not define the specified message for a particular number object, the other keyword message will be returned to this plural case.

When formatting, the input number is first matched against the explicitValue clauses. If there is no exact-number match, then a keyword is selected by calling the Plural Rules with the input number minus the offset. (The offset defaults to 0 if it is omitted from the pattern string.) If there is no clause with that keyword, then the other clauses is returned.

There is no structural information in date time patterns. For any punctuation or string literals in a date time pattern, you do not know whether it is just a separator, a prefix, or a suffix. Without such information, it is difficult to generate a sub-pattern (or super-pattern) using algorithm. electricity use in the us Therefore, formatting a date interval is pattern-driven.

For the non-digit calendar fields, the pattern letter length is important. The pattern length are MMM, MMMM, and MMMMM; EEE and EEEE. The field’s pattern letter length is effectively considered. For example, the EEE pattern matches the short names of the weekdays (For instance, Mon, Tue, and so on.). If the pattern should match the entire weekday name, use the EEEE pattern.

For interval formatting, ICU supports the calendar fields such as year, month, date, day-of-week, am or pm, hour, hour-of-day, minute, and second (currently, ICU does not have specific interval format date for skeletons with seconds). These calendar fields are defined in the following order: year > month > date > hour (in day) > minute > second.